Research programs (11 - 20 of 77 items)
Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Efforts Could Be Strengthened
GAO-13-766T: Published: Jul 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2013.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not know the total amount its components invest in research and development (R&D) and does not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and U. S. Coast Guard...
The Department of Energy's Office of Science Uses a Multilayered Process for Prioritizing Research
GAO-12-410R: Published: Feb 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2012.
Science establishes research priorities within and across its six core interdisciplinary research programs, which include a wide variety of research ranging from biology to particle physics. However, Science does not explicitly rank these programs in terms of priority. The office currently prioritizes research that aligns with the Secretary of Energys interest in fostering the development of...
DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate's Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts
GAO-12-239T: Published: Nov 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2011.
This testimony discusses our prior work examining the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and Research and Development (R&D) efforts. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 created DHS and, within it, established S&T with the responsibility for conducting national research, development, test and evaluation (T&E) of technology and systems for, among other thi...
Technology Assessment: Neutron Detectors: Alternatives to Using Helium-3
GAO-11-753: Published: Sep 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2011.
Neutron detectors are used to detect neutron radiation in science, security, and other applications. For example, large-area detectors detect neutrons at science facilities across the world and radiation portal monitors screen vehicles and cargo at ports and border crossings for nuclear material that terrorists could use in a nuclear weapon. Helium-3 is a critical component of such neutron detecto...
Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation
GAO-11-698: Published: Aug 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Federal agencies with a budget of at least $100 million for research and development (R&D) conducted by others must participate in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR has four purposes: meet federal R&D needs; stimulate technological innovation; increase commercialization (e.g., sales) of innovations based on federal R&D; and encourage participation in innovation by small b...
Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust
GAO-11-722: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
Each year, the United States spends billions of dollars on space-based systems to support national security activities. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 requires the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to develop and issue a space science and technology (S&T) strategy every 2 years addressing S&T goals and a process for achieving t...
Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources
GAO-11-604: Published: Jun 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2011.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is developing and implementing a broad transformation of the national airspace system known as the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen is a complex undertaking that requires new technologies and supporting infrastructure and involves the activities of several agencies as well as private industry. This report provides information on...
Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized
GAO-11-12: Published: Oct 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2010.
In recent decades, managing the nation's public and private forests and rangelands has become increasingly complex, requiring a sound understanding of science and science-based tools to address these complexities. The Department of Agriculture's Forest Service maintains a research and development program (FS R&D) to help provide scientific information and tools. GAO was asked to examine (1) the sc...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-11-21: Published: Nov 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2010.
To be competitive in the global economy, the United States relies heavily on innovation through research and development (R&D). The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program to stimulate technological innovation among small businesses. SBIR offers one avenue for introducing technological innovation in the Department of Defen...
Cybersecurity: Key Challenges Need to Be Addressed to Improve Research and Development
GAO-10-466: Published: Jun 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2010.
Computer networks and infrastructures, on which the United States and much of the world rely to communicate and conduct business, contain vulnerabilities that can leave them susceptible to unauthorized access, disruption, or attack. Investing in research and development (R&D) is essential to protect critical systems and to enhance the cybersecurity of both the government and the private sector. Fe...