Research and development (51 - 60 of 61 items)
University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research
RCED-86-75: Published: Feb 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the role and impact of different funding mechanisms on university scientific research, specifically whether: (1) particular funding mechanisms played a role in helping universities improve program quality; and (2) individual project grants and center grants had differing effects on research performance.GAO studied five universities, whose resear...
Federal Agencies' Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980
RCED-84-60: Published: Aug 24, 1984. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act, which requires federal laboratories to: (1) establish an Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA); (2) assign one full-time professional employee to each ORTA in any laboratory with an annual budget over $20 million; and (3) set aside 0.5 percent of res...
Long-Term Planning for National Science Policy
112965: Jul 31, 1980
The executive branch has tried a variety of formal and ad hoc arrangements for planning, coordinating, and advising Federal agencies and the President on science policy. These arrangements have succeeded in varying degrees. Planning national science policy is vested primarily in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). It anticipates future concerns and reviews Federal science policy an...
Interagency Laboratory Use: Current Practices and Recurring Problems
PSAD-79-97: Published: Sep 4, 1979. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 1979.
A review of contracting between Federal agencies for laboratory research and development tasks examined the extent and types of interagency laboratory use, the advantages of such arrangements, and the constraints and management problems which accompany interagency work.Interagency laboratory work is one means to efficiently and effectively use the Government's research and development resources. T...
Federal R&D Budget
109022: Apr 5, 1979
A national policy for planning and resource allocation for science and technology programs is needed. There is a high positive correlation between research and development (R&D) investment and economic growth. The federal government must continue to provide major support for basic research and it is important to provide a stable base of funding from year to year. Criteria are needed for determinat...
Reporting of Federal Funds for Research and Development
PSAD-78-133: Published: Aug 9, 1978. Publicly Released: Aug 9, 1978.
Annually, the National Science Foundation (NSF) gathers data from federal agencies on their research and development support. The reporting procedures of four agencies responsible for over 85 percent of the federal research and development funds included in NSF reports were reviewed for 1976 (the completed year), 1977 (the current year), and 1978 (the budget year). The overall totals were found to...
Human Resources Research and Development Results Can Be Better Managed
FPCD-77-43: Published: Apr 22, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1977.
In spite of the fact that personnel costs accounted for 61 percent of the Department of Defense's (DOD) outlay of funds in fiscal year 1976, a very small proportion of funds was devoted to human resources research and development. A GAO review revealed a low rate of utilization of results of such research. Reports published from 1973 through 1975 were intended to support changes to regulations, po...
Social Research and Development of Limited Use to National Policymakers
HRD-77-34: Published: Apr 4, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 1977.
Federally-supported social research and development (R&D) includes projects directed toward improving the well-being of people and programs in the areas of: education, staffing, health, income security, social services, housing and community development, civil rights, transportation, and crime. Social R&D projects are intended to provide knowledge for policymakers in developing national social pol...
Opportunities to Improve Planning for Solar Energy Research and Development
EMD-77-8: Published: Nov 30, 1976. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 1976.
The Energy Research and Development Administration's (ERDA) solar research, development, and demonstration program was surveyed to assess the adequacy of the planning process established to meet program goals.ERDA research focuses on seven different solar technologies, for which a number of program plans have been established. However, ERDA's present plans indicate only a 10-percent solar contribu...