Research and development (1 - 10 of 61 items)
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Better Information Needed on Results of National Nuclear Security Administration's Research and Technology Development Projects
GAO-17-210: Published: Feb 3, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2017.
The full extent to which research and technology development projects managed by two programs in the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (DNN) have resulted in advanced (progressed technologies or science supporting them), transitioned (provided to users for further development or deployment), or deployed (used in the field) technologies is...
Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development
GAO-14-813T: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not know the total amount its components invested in research and development (R&D) and did not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and Coast Guard were...
Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions
GAO-10-200: Published: Dec 3, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2009.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) researchers generally disseminate their agency-funded research results through publications, presentations, agency releases, and media interviews. In 2007, GAO reviewed dissemination policies at NASA and two other agencies and found that NASA's policies were generally clear, but GAO's survey of NASA researchers raised concerns that many of them...
Federal Research: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Management and Oversight of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers
GAO-09-15: Published: Oct 8, 2008. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2008.
In 2006, the federal government spent $13 billion--14 percent of its research and development (R&D) expenditures--to enable 38 federally funded R&D centers (FFRDCs) to meet special research needs. FFRDCs--including laboratories, studies and analyses centers, and systems engineering centers--conduct research in military space programs, nanotechnology, microelectronics, nuclear warfare, and biodefen...
Defense Acquisitions: DOD's Research and Development Budget Requests to Congress Do Not Provide Consistent, Complete, and Clear Information
GAO-07-1058: Published: Sep 5, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2007.
The Department of Defense (DOD) asked Congress for $73.2 billion in fiscal year 2007 for research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E). DOD organized this request using program element (PE) codes, which are designed to convey key information about the budget request. DOD also provides documents called budget exhibits detailing the activities for which funds are being requested. The Nation...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-05-861T: Published: Jun 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2005.
Since it was established in 1982, GAO has consistently reported on the success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in benefiting small, innovative companies, strengthening their role in federal research and development (R&D), and helping federal agencies achieve their R&D goals. However, through these reviews GAO has also identified areas where action by participating agencies...
Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research
GAO-05-759T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) supports research that accelerates the development of high-risk technologies with the potential for broad-based economic benefits for the nation. Under the program, administrators at the National Institute of Standards and Technology are to ensure that they do not fund research that would be conducted in the same period without ATP funding. Between 1990 and Se...
Federal Research: Information on DOE's Laboratory-Directed R&D Program
GAO-04-489: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2004.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) contractor-operated laboratories perform mission-related research and development (R&D) for DOE and other federal agencies. In 1992, DOE established the Laboratory- Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program, under which laboratory directors may allocate funding to scientists to conduct worthy independent research. DOE allows participating laboratories to sup...
Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research
RCED-00-109: Published: Apr 25, 2000. Publicly Released: May 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) merit review practices, focusing on: (1) what procedures DOE has established for performing merit reviews; and (2) whether DOE could document that it has followed the merit review procedures it has established.GAO noted that: (1) both the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the Office of Power Technol...
Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program's Award Selection
RCED-99-258R: Published: Aug 3, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) how ATP determines that a delay in a project's progress would be a serious national economic concern; and (2) the number of ATP applications that have been rejected since July 1997 because a delay in progress would not be a serious national economic concern or because the applic...