Research program management (61 - 70 of 101 items)
Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany's Industrially Produced Magnets
RCED-91-94FS: Published: Feb 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) a chronological history of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider's (SSC) cost estimates; (2) information on Germany's experience with industrially produced superconducting magnets for its Hadron Electron Ring Accelerator (HERA); and (3) information on the SSC approach to developing and producing superconducting magnet...
Federal Research: SEMATECH's Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry
RCED-90-236: Published: Sep 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium's (SEMATECH) efforts to strengthen U.S. suppliers of equipment and materials for the semiconductor manufacturing industry.GAO found that: (1) by 1989, Japanese firms had captured 4 of the top 5 semiconductor equipment-supplier positions, while only 4 U.S. companies were among the 10 largest supp...
Energy R&D: DOE's Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development
RCED-90-148BR: Published: May 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) process for allocating energy research and development (R&D) funds, focusing on: (1) how DOE prioritized and coordinated funding requests among R&D program areas; (2) how DOE priorities have evolved over the past 10 years; (3) how DOE distributed R&D funding; and (4) the extent to which DOE has invested in major dem...
Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium's Start-up Activities
RCED-90-37: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress of a consortium of U.S. semiconductor and computer companies (SEMATECH) formed to conduct research and development that will provide the U.S. industry with the domestic capability for world leadership in manufacturing, focusing on: (1) the Department of Defense's (DOD) participation and role; (2) the consortium's approaches and organiz...
Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs
RCED-89-39: Published: Jan 23, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative mandate, GAO examined the: (1) effectiveness of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program in strengthening the role of small innovative firms in federally supported research and development; and (2) quality of SBIR projects, as compared to the quality of traditional agency research.GAO found that 1982 legislation required federal agencies with large research a...
Technology Transfer: U.S. and Foreign Participation in R&D at Federal Laboratories
RCED-88-203BR: Published: Aug 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) the extent of U.S. and foreign researchers' participation in federal research and development laboratories; (2) federal laboratories' policies regarding foreign access to research and development; (3) reciprocity between federal laboratory researchers and foreign researchers; and (4) the implications of these issues for U.S. policy on foreign...
DOD's Risk Assessment and Safeguards Management of Chemical and Biological Warfare Research and Development Facilities
T-PEMD-88-10: Published: Jul 27, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 1988.
GAO discussed the Department of Defense's (DOD) risk assessment and safeguards management of its chemical and biological warfare research and development contractor facilities, focusing on: (1) risk assessment factors, standards, and methodology; (2) whether DOD adequately documented its assessments; and (3) the technical quality of the assessments and the extent to which they conformed to general...
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
Biotechnology: Role of Institutional Biosafety Committees
RCED-88-64BR: Published: Dec 14, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed institutional biosafety committees' implementation of the federal guidelines applicable to the environmental release of genetically engineered organisms, focusing on their: (1) membership composition; (2) functions and activities; (3) implementation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidelines for research involving recombinant deoxyribonu...
Acid Rain: Delays and Management Changes in the Federal Research Program
RCED-87-89: Published: Apr 29, 1987. Publicly Released: May 27, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed recent management changes and program delays in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP).Through fiscal year 1985, NAPAP spent $6.7 million developing its research results for the general public; however, it delayed its first assessment report because management underestimated the time and staff needed to review and approve the do...