Federal agencies (31 - 40 of 52 items)
Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Could Be Strengthened
T-RCED-92-3: Published: Oct 3, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 1991.
GAO discussed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, focusing on products' commercial trends in Phase III of the program, which involves the use of non-federal funds for commercial application of the technology or follow-on non-SBIR government contracts for government application. GAO noted that: (1) about half of the SBIR projects are of about the same quality as other federal res...
Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs
RCED-89-39: Published: Jan 23, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative mandate, GAO examined the: (1) effectiveness of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program in strengthening the role of small innovative firms in federally supported research and development; and (2) quality of SBIR projects, as compared to the quality of traditional agency research.GAO found that 1982 legislation required federal agencies with large research a...
Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development
T-RCED-88-64: Published: Sep 20, 1988. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 1988.
GAO discussed federal and private-sector research and development (R&D) activities concerning degradable plastics to identify: (1) the extent of efforts to develop standards for degradable plastics; and (2) federal agencies' support of degradable plastics R&D. GAO found that: (1) the federal government and the private sector made limited efforts to develop standards and support R&D for degradable...
[Comments on Agency Participation in SBIR Program]
B-230594.2: Published: Mar 15, 1988. Publicly Released: May 20, 1988.
GAO commented on the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's participation in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. GAO noted that the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982: (1) requires federal agencies with an extramural research and development budget over $100,000 to obligate a certain percentage of funds for award to small business concerns; and (2) does not prohibit agen...
Federal Research: Effectiveness of Small Business Innovation Research Program Procedures
RCED-87-63: Published: Jun 2, 1987. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reported on federal agencies' implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982, focusing on: (1) whether agencies' small business innovation research (SBIR) procedures provided for award selection based on merit; (2) how much time agencies were taking to award SBIR contracts and grants; and (3) whether agencies were implementing pro...
Patent Policy: Department of Commerce Involvement in Department of Energy Activities
RCED-86-83: Published: Mar 25, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined several Department of Commerce actions aimed at influencing Department of Energy (DOE) patent policy to determine if they were in violation of the law, specifically: (1) Commerce's involvement in an Office of Management and Budget (OMB) initiative to change DOE patent policies and reduce its patent attorney staff; (2) Commerce's role in an OMB d...
A Profile of Selected Firms Awarded Small Business Innovation Research Funds
RCED-86-113FS: Published: Mar 21, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO collected information on the implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982.The act is designed to strengthen the role of small innovative firms in federally funded research and development (R&D) programs and requires federal agencies with budgets of $100 million or more for R&D to be performed by outside concerns to set aside speci...
Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research
129326: Mar 12, 1986
Testimony was given concerning the use of federal funding mechanisms to support university research. GAO found that: (1) the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation provide over three-fourths of the total funds obligated for scientific research; (2) in fiscal year (FY) 1984, six federal agencies awarded 89 percent of their research funds through individual project awards,...
University Funding: Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research
RCED-86-53: Published: Feb 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided a summary of: (1) the past and current array of federal funding mechanisms, including relative magnitudes of support, used by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Defense, Energy, and Agriculture to provide funding for university research; (2) the...
University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research
RCED-86-75: Published: Feb 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the role and impact of different funding mechanisms on university scientific research, specifically whether: (1) particular funding mechanisms played a role in helping universities improve program quality; and (2) individual project grants and center grants had differing effects on research performance.GAO studied five universities, whose resear...