Research and development (111 - 120 of 275 items)
Federal Research: Aging Federal Laboratories Need Repairs and Upgrades
RCED-93-203: Published: Sep 20, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the conditions of federal laboratory facilities, focusing on the: (1) effect of inadequate laboratory facilities on agencies' scientific productivity and research capabilities; and (2) funding needed to repair or upgrade these facilities.GAO found that: (1) 54 percent of federal laboratory space is over 30 years old and only 24 percent of federal l...
Technology Transfer: Implementation of CRADAs at NIST, Army, and DOE
T-RCED-93-53: Published: Jun 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). GAO noted that: (1) legislation that established technology transfer objectives gave federal agencies discretion and flexibility when implementing CRADA; (2) Army and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) officials have implemented CRADA with only limited headqu...
Federal Research: Super Collider--National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and Cost
RCED-93-158: Published: May 14, 1993. Publicly Released: May 19, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project, focusing on: (1) national security benefits of SSC; (2) the development of similar SSC programs by other countries or consortia; and (3) the total cost for completing the SSC project.GAO found that: (1) the high energy physics research proposed for SSC will not directly...
NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain
NSIAD-93-137: Published: Mar 16, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1993.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO reviewed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) efforts to transfer agency-developed technology to the U.S. civil aeronautics industry, focusing on: (1) NASA technology transfer activities; and (2) the impact on international competitiveness.GAO found that NASA: (1) used a broad definition of technology transfer to include all activities...
Drug Control: Status Report on Counterdrug Technology Development
NSIAD-93-104: Published: Jan 28, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on counterdrug technology development, focusing on the Department of Defense's (DOD) and the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) efforts to develop and demonstrate cargo container inspection technology.GAO found that: (1) in 1990, the Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center was established within ONDCP; (2) in 1992, ONDCP...
Technology Transfer: Barriers Limit Royalty Sharing's Effectiveness
RCED-93-6: Published: Dec 7, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 1992.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the effectiveness of royalty-sharing programs established under the Technology Transfer Act, focusing on: (1) federal scientists' interest in reporting inventions before and after the act's passage; and (2) the extent to which agencies' program implementation supports royalty-sharing incentives.GAO found that: (1) royalty-sharing programs at fede...
National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts
NSIAD-93-71: Published: Dec 3, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) program's costs, schedule, status, feasibility, and justification, focusing on NASP: (1) technology development status; (2) project cost and schedule changes; (3) requirements for and the potential mission applications of future operational NASP-derived vehicles and efforts to spin off technology; and (4) issues...
High-Technology Competitiveness: Trends in U.S. and Foreign Performance
NSIAD-92-236: Published: Sep 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. competitiveness in high-technology areas, including assessments of trends in the U.S. position over the past decade, particularly relative to Japan.GAO found that: (1) aggregate performance indicators provide some evidence of a decline in the U.S. leadership position in developing and marketing technology-intensive products, par...
Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH
RCED-92-283: Published: Sep 28, 1992. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the lessons learned in the first 5 years of the government's participation in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium (SEMATECH) that might be applied to other similar government-industry research and development (R&D) consortia intended to improve the competitive position of U.S. manufacturers.GAO found that: (1) a government-industr...
Federal Research: SEMATECH's Technological Progress and Proposed R&D Program
RCED-92-223BR: Published: Jul 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed a government-industry research and development consortium, focusing on: (1) the consortium's progress in achieving its technological objectives; (2) the views of the Department of Defense and the consortium's member companies about continued federal funding for the consortium after fiscal year (FY) 1992; and (3) the consortium's expenditures during...