Research and development (21 - 30 of 274 items)
Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health
GAO-14-181SP: Published: Jan 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2014.
What the Participants SaidThe forum's participants described nanomanufacturing as a future megatrend that will potentially match or surpass the digital revolution's effect on society and the economy. They anticipated further scientific breakthroughs that will fuel new engineering developments; continued movement into the manufacturing sector; and more intense international competition.Although lim...
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Supports Weapon Systems, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Technology Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-96: Published: Dec 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2013.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs within the military departments use a variety of practices and tools to facilitate technology transition--the act of passing technologies developed in the science and technology environment on to users such as weapon system acquisition programs or warfighters in the field. GAO identified some common transition practices and tools across SBIR p...
Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections
GAO-14-116R: Published: Nov 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2013.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program targets small businesses for federal research or research and development funding to develop and commercialize innovative technologies. The Small Business Administration (SBA), which oversees the program, is in the process of amending the provisions of the SBIR policy directive that pertain to small businesses retaining the rights to data they...
Department of Homeland Security: Opportunities Exist to Better Evaluate and Coordinate Border and Maritime Research and Development
GAO-13-732: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
Between fiscal years 2010 and 2012, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) border and maritime research and development (R&D) components reported producing 97 R&D deliverables at an estimated cost of $177 million. The type of border and maritime R&D deliverables produced by DHS's Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate, the Coast Guard, and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) varied...
America COMPETES Acts: Overall Appropriations Have Increased and Have Mainly Funded Existing Federal Research Entities
GAO-13-612: Published: Jul 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2013.
In fiscal years 2008-2012, $52.4 billion was appropriated out of the $62.2 billion authorized under the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science Act of 2007 (COMPETES 2007) and the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (COMPETES 2010). Almost all of these funds went to the entire budgets of three existing research entities--the...
Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Efforts Could Be Strengthened
GAO-13-766T: Published: Jul 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2013.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not know the total amount its components invest in research and development (R&D) and does not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and U. S. Coast Guard...
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Continued Coordination, Operational Data, and Performance Standards Needed to Guide Research and Development
GAO-13-346T: Published: Feb 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2013.
While Congress has tasked FAA to lead the effort of safely integrating unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in the national airspace, several federal and other entities also have a role. FAA has established various mechanisms to facilitate collaboration with these entities. For example, FAA has entered into formal agreements with the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Ad...
Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Should Be Strengthened
GAO-12-837: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not know the total amount its components invest in research and development (R&D) and does not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and U. S. Coast Guard are the only components that conduct...
DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate's Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts
GAO-12-239T: Published: Nov 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2011.
This testimony discusses our prior work examining the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and Research and Development (R&D) efforts. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 created DHS and, within it, established S&T with the responsibility for conducting national research, development, test and evaluation (T&E) of technology and systems for, among other thi...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts
GAO-12-187T: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
This testimony discusses the use of test facilities as a means of leveraging public, private, and academic resources to deliver technologies for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen will affect nearly every aspect of air transportation and will transform the way in which the air transportation system operates today. It is a complex undertaking that requires new technolo...