Research and development (11 - 20 of 36 items)
Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research
GAO-09-186: Published: Dec 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
Although competitive oil and natural gas markets generally provide incentives for companies to invest in research and development (R&D), some industry experts believe these companies may underinvest in certain areas. A recent GAO report noted important criteria for the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider in evaluating its oil and natural gas R&D efforts--including the likelihood that industry w...
Aviation and the Environment: NextGen and Research and Development Are Keys to Reducing Emissions and Their Impact on Health and Climate
GAO-08-706T: Published: May 6, 2008. Publicly Released: May 6, 2008.
Collaboration between the federal government and the aviation industry has led to reductions in aviation emissions, but growing air traffic has partially offset these reductions. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), together with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and others, is working to increase the efficiency, safety, and...
Aviation and the Environment: FAA's and NASA's Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain
GAO-08-384: Published: Feb 15, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2008.
Reducing aviation noise is important to the efficient operation and expansion of the National Airspace System because community opposition to aviation noise is a major obstacle to airport and runway development. Such development is needed to help address congestion and meet the nation's rapidly growing demand for air travel. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Aeronautics an...
Defense Acquisitions: DOD's Research and Development Budget Requests to Congress Do Not Provide Consistent, Complete, and Clear Information
GAO-07-1058: Published: Sep 5, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2007.
The Department of Defense (DOD) asked Congress for $73.2 billion in fiscal year 2007 for research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E). DOD organized this request using program element (PE) codes, which are designed to convey key information about the budget request. DOD also provides documents called budget exhibits detailing the activities for which funds are being requested. The Nation...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-05-861T: Published: Jun 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2005.
Since it was established in 1982, GAO has consistently reported on the success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in benefiting small, innovative companies, strengthening their role in federal research and development (R&D), and helping federal agencies achieve their R&D goals. However, through these reviews GAO has also identified areas where action by participating agencies...
Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research
GAO-05-759T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) supports research that accelerates the development of high-risk technologies with the potential for broad-based economic benefits for the nation. Under the program, administrators at the National Institute of Standards and Technology are to ensure that they do not fund research that would be conducted in the same period without ATP funding. Between 1990 and Se...
Cleanup Technology: Better Management for DOE's Technology Development Program
RCED-92-145: Published: Apr 10, 1992. Publicly Released: May 11, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management of its Technology Development (TD) Program, focusing on ways that DOE can increase the program's effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) DOE established the TD Program as part of its efforts to clean up the environment; (2) although DOE has begun to implement the TD Program and fund major research and developme...
Immigration Service: INS' Technology Selection Process Is Weak, Informal, and Inconsistently Applied
PEMD-88-16: Published: Apr 22, 1988. Publicly Released: May 10, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the methodologies and practices that the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) used to select technologies for the enforcement of immigration law.GAO found that INS: (1) lacked systematic procedures for selecting new technologies; (2) lacked policies regarding the procedures for the identification of needs or problems, as well as the iden...
Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982
128369: Nov 6, 1985
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 to assess program coordination, monitoring, and congressional reporting activities of the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). GAO noted that agencies must spend specified percentages of their extramural funds on small...
Public Issues Pertaining to Science and Technology
B-199444: Published: Jul 3, 1980. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 1985.
GAO listed and suggested priorities for future issues involving science and technology. This list included: public and private sector roles in science and technology; planning and decisionmaking to optimize capabilities and utilization of resources; and mechanisms for improving relationships among government, industry, and academia in research and graduate education to foster cooperation in achiev...