Program evaluation (41 - 50 of 65 items)
[Perspectives on Evaluating Federally Sponsored Research and Development in the United States]
122652: Oct 17, 1983
Personal views were presented in a speech on the evaluation of Government-sponsored research and development. The speaker noted that, in the United States, there is little central planning and direction in the evaluation of Government-sponsored research and development. A number of different agencies consider the proposals of individual scientists and research institutions. Peer review is used ext...
Analysis of the Energy Research and Development Budget Proposal Process
RCED-83-6: Published: Nov 5, 1982. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 1982.
GAO reported on the energy research and development (R&D) budget proposal process and reviewed the process underlying the administration's fiscal year 1983 energy R&D budget proposal.GAO found that the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) do not set priorities among program areas by systematically applying planning and decisionmaking criteria. The basis for the...
Survey To Identify Models Used by Executive Agencies in the Policymaking Process
PAD-82-46: Published: Sep 24, 1982. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 1982.
In response to a congressional request, GAO processed and analyzed the results of a congressional questionnaire sent to 43 departments, agencies, and other Federal entities to determine the nature and number of major computer models being used by Federal agencies in the policymaking process.Based on the agencies' responses, 357 models were identified. The number of models reported in use range fro...
NSF Experiment in Research Grant Administration Promising
PAD-82-7: Published: Sep 10, 1982. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 1982.
GAO reported on the Association of American Universities and the National Science Foundation (NSF) experiment in research grant administration which focuses on the needs of universities for flexibility in allocating funds while ensuring appropriate financial accountability.The experiment redirects the focus of research grant administration from NSF to individual universities and researchers, reduc...
National Science Foundation Management Review of Research Grant Award Recommendations
PAD-82-49: Published: Aug 26, 1982. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 1982.
GAO presented the results of its study of the National Science Foundation (NSF) management review of research grant award recommendations. The objective was to determine if the checks NSF has on the proposal evaluation process provide adequate accountability over program officer recommendations to award or decline proposals.There are no NSF guidelines which prescribe what information reviewing off...
Status Report on Executive Branch Implementation of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980
EMD-82-27: Published: Nov 18, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1981.
GAO provided a status report on the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act which requires that the Executive Branch submit reports and a program plan to Congress by October 21, 1981. In addition, the Act requires that: (1) the Departments of Commerce, Defense, and the Interior make available to Congress individual reports on specific materials issues by that date; (2)...
Long-Range Planning Can Improve the Efficiency of Agricultural Research and Development
CED-81-141: Published: Jul 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 1981.
GAO reviewed the long-range planning for agricultural research and development which is being conducted by the Department of Agriculture, other affected agencies, and the States.GAO found that the U.S. agricultural research and development system does not perform national long-range planning which would meet generally accepted definitions of such planning. The key participants in the system engage...
Comments on S. 881 and GAO Report on Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
115776: Jul 15, 1981
Comments were presented on a GAO report on small business innovation and S. 881. The study of small business innovation addresses the conditions that GAO found necessary for small-business innovation to flourish. It is clear from the analysis that small businesses are important contributors to the innovation process in the United States. The GAO objective was to construct a comprehensive picture o...
Consistent Criteria Are Needed To Assess Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
PAD-81-15: Published: Jul 7, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 1981.
The small-business community has voiced concern that the ability of small businesses to be active in innovation is inhibited by a number of federal policies. Congress has responded with legislation that addresses both the question of declining industrial innovation and the issue of the ability of small businesses to be innovative. GAO developed a comprehensive picture of small-business innovation...
National Research Centers Supported by NSF
PAD-81-79: Published: Jun 25, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 1981.
GAO summarized its observations and proposals made during a review of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) oversight of the six national research centers under its sponsorship. GAO also summarized the actions NSF plans in response to the review.NSF should improve its policies and guidelines for administering and overseeing the research centers. Currently, the NSF Office of Audit and Oversight d...