Research and development (11 - 20 of 43 items)
Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program's 1997 Award Selection
RCED-98-82R: Published: Feb 24, 1998. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) proposal application and review process.GAO noted that: (1) according to program officials, the National Institute of Standards and Technology made the determination of whether the applicants could probably find funding elsewhere on the basis of information gathered throughout the fiscal year 199...
Federal Research: DOD's Small Business Innovation Research Program
RCED-97-122: Published: Apr 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed certain aspects of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on whether DOD's policies and procedures help ensure that: (1) quality research is performed under the funding agreements; (2) competitive procedures are being followed; and (3) technologies developed through the program are likely to...
Measuring Performance: Challenges in Evaluating Research and Development
T-RCED-97-130: Published: Apr 10, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1997.
GAO discussed its work related to the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program, and research and development (R&D) performance measures.GAO noted: (1) ATP has funded research projects that would have been funded by the private sector as well as those that would not; (2) the award recipients were nearly eve...
Measuring Performance: Strengths and Limitations of Research Indicators
RCED-97-91: Published: Mar 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the indicators used to evaluate the results of research and development (R&D), focusing on the relative strengths and limitations of the input and output indicators used by the federal and private sectors to measure the results of R&D.GAO noted that: (1) the amount of money spent on research and development, the primary indicator of...
Defense Research and Development: Affiliations of Fiscal Year 1993 Trustees for Federally Funded Centers
NSIAD-95-135: Published: Jul 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the boards of trustees whose served in fiscal year (FY) 1993 at the Department of Defense's (DOD) federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC), focusing on: (1) how trustees are elected to each board; (2) FFRDC trustees and officers who left in FY 1993 to take executive positions in the federal government; (3) trustees'...
Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements
RCED-95-52: Published: Dec 16, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits of federal agencies' engaging in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with the private sector.GAO found that: (1) although all CRADA do not achieve the same level of benefit, collaborative research and development agreements can be valuable assets in the government's portfolio of technology transfer programs; (2) man...
Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE's Contractor-Operated Laboratories
RCED-94-91: Published: Apr 15, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) process for implementing its cooperative research and development (R&D) agreements, focusing on how the DOE approval process: (1) compares with the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Army's processes; and (2) affects laboratory resources and schedules.GAO found that: (1) in response to c...
Technology Transfer: Implementation of CRADAs at NIST, Army, and DOE
T-RCED-93-53: Published: Jun 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). GAO noted that: (1) legislation that established technology transfer objectives gave federal agencies discretion and flexibility when implementing CRADA; (2) Army and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) officials have implemented CRADA with only limited headqu...
Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH
RCED-92-283: Published: Sep 28, 1992. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the lessons learned in the first 5 years of the government's participation in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium (SEMATECH) that might be applied to other similar government-industry research and development (R&D) consortia intended to improve the competitive position of U.S. manufacturers.GAO found that: (1) a government-industr...
Federal Research: SEMATECH's Technological Progress and Proposed R&D Program
RCED-92-223BR: Published: Jul 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed a government-industry research and development consortium, focusing on: (1) the consortium's progress in achieving its technological objectives; (2) the views of the Department of Defense and the consortium's member companies about continued federal funding for the consortium after fiscal year (FY) 1992; and (3) the consortium's expenditures during...