Military forces (1 - 10 of 57 items)
GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness
GAO-15-657: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
The Air Force has experienced significant difficulties developing the Global Positioning System (GPS) next generation operational control system (OCX) and consistently overstated progress to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) compared to advisory independent assessments it received. It needs $1.1 billion and 4 years more than planned to deliver OCX due to poor acquisition decisions and a...
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Has Developed Some Technologies that Support Military Users, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-748T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Transitioning technologies from defense research and technology development programs, such as through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, to military users has been a long-standing challenge for the Department of Defense (DOD). Over the past decade, Congress and DOD have taken several steps to address transition challenges in DOD's SBIR program. For example, the military departm...
Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report
GAO-14-287R: Published: Jan 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2014.
On October 11, 2013, DOD submitted to the congressional defense committees the OPIR Technology report. Upon reviewing the report, we determined that the OPIR report was comprehensive and appropriately identified its limitations. In particular, DOD, in consultation with the IC, provided a description of (1) the plan and budget for current and next generation OPIR systems and (2) OPIR technology req...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-11-21: Published: Nov 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2010.
To be competitive in the global economy, the United States relies heavily on innovation through research and development (R&D). The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program to stimulate technological innovation among small businesses. SBIR offers one avenue for introducing technological innovation in the Department of Defen...
Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations
GAO-02-529R: Published: Apr 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2002.
This report reviews cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) at the Army Research Laboratory and the Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases to determine whether the laboratories complied with export control laws. GAO found that the Army needs to clarify its guidance on technology transfers to ensure compliance with U.S. export control laws during the management revie...
Science And Technology: Air Force's Planning Process Meets Statutory Requirement
GAO-02-273: Published: Feb 14, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2002.
Congress and the scientific community are concerned that the Air Force's investment in science and technology may be too low to meet the challenges presented by new and emerging threats. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 requires the Air Force to review its science and technology programs to assess the budgetary resources currently used and those needed to adequately addr...
Environmental Protection: Research and Development of Plasma Arc Technology Used to Treat Hazardous Waste
NSIAD-99-51R: Published: Feb 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on three selected research and development initiatives using the plasma arc technology to treat waste, focusing on comparing the characteristics of the largest of the Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives and both Navy shore and ship initiatives.GAO noted that: (1) the three initiatives use a similar source of heat to treat waste, but...
Foreign Military Sales: Millions of Dollars of Nonrecurring Research and Development Costs Have Not Been Recovered
AIMD-99-11: Published: Oct 20, 1998. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) ability to account for and report on the full costs of the foreign military sales (FMS) program, focusing on DOD's: (1) recoupment of monies owed by FMS customers for the U.S. government's research, development, and production costs of major defense equipment; and (2) accountability over expenditures of FMS custome...
Federal Research: The Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-157: Published: May 22, 1997. Publicly Released: May 22, 1997.
GAO discussed its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program.GAO noted that: (1) federal agencies rated the quality and commercial potential of STTR research proposals favorably in the first year of the program; (2) technical experts generally concluded that the proposals called for high-quality research; (3) as one example, the Departmen...
Health and Safety: Environmental Oversight of Classified Federal Research
T-RCED-96-99: Published: Mar 12, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1996.
GAO discussed its review of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) capability to conduct environmental oversight of classified federal research. GAO noted that: (1) EPA conducts limited oversight of classified federal research, primarily relying on agencies' internal environmental monitoring programs; (2) although agencies are required to submit environmental impact statements (EIS) to EPA fo...