Funds management (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized
GAO-11-12: Published: Oct 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2010.
In recent decades, managing the nation's public and private forests and rangelands has become increasingly complex, requiring a sound understanding of science and science-based tools to address these complexities. The Department of Agriculture's Forest Service maintains a research and development program (FS R&D) to help provide scientific information and tools. GAO was asked to examine (1) the sc...
Federal Research: Information on the Government's Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions
GAO-09-742: Published: Jul 27, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2009.
The Bayh-Dole Act, passed in 1980, allows recipients of federal research funds the option to retain patents on any inventions they create using those funds. At the same time, the act provides the government with rights intended to ensure that the public benefits from these federal research investments. One of these rights is known as the "march-in" authority, which allows federal agencies to take...
Nanotechnology: Better Guidance Is Needed to Ensure Accurate Reporting of Federal Research Focused on Environmental, Health, and Safety Risks
GAO-08-402: Published: Mar 31, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), administered by the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), is a multiagency effort intended to coordinate the nanotechnology-related activities of 25 federal agencies that fund nanoscale research or have a stake in the results. Nanotechnology is the ability to control matter at the scale of a nanometer--one billionth of a meter. A key research...
Nanotechnology: Accuracy of Data on Federally Funded Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Could Be Improved
GAO-08-709T: Published: Apr 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
In March 2008, GAO issued a report entitled Nanotechnology: Better Guidance Is Needed to Ensure Accurate Reporting of Federal Research Focused on Environmental, Health, and Safety Risks (GAO-08-402). In this report, GAO reviewed the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a multiagency effort administered by the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). The NNI coordinates the nanotechnolo...
Technology Transfer: Agencies' Rights to Federally Sponsored Biomedical Inventions
GAO-03-536: Published: Jul 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2003.
The Bayh-Dole Act gives federal contractors, grantees, and cooperative agreement funding recipients the option to retain ownership rights to inventions they create as part of a federally sponsored research project and profit from commercializing them. The act also protects the government's interests, in part by requiring that federal agencies and their authorized funding recipients retain a licens...
Research and Development: Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center's Process for Funding Projects
AIMD-99-277R: Published: Sep 24, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the process that the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center (CTAC) uses to fund research and development (R&D) projects.GAO noted that: (1) CTAC relies on support agents to provide technical and administrative contract support on R&D projects; (2) technical support includes: (a) monitoring a projec...
Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research
129326: Mar 12, 1986
Testimony was given concerning the use of federal funding mechanisms to support university research. GAO found that: (1) the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation provide over three-fourths of the total funds obligated for scientific research; (2) in fiscal year (FY) 1984, six federal agencies awarded 89 percent of their research funds through individual project awards,...
University Funding: Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research
RCED-86-53: Published: Feb 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided a summary of: (1) the past and current array of federal funding mechanisms, including relative magnitudes of support, used by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Defense, Energy, and Agriculture to provide funding for university research; (2) the...
University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research
RCED-86-75: Published: Feb 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the role and impact of different funding mechanisms on university scientific research, specifically whether: (1) particular funding mechanisms played a role in helping universities improve program quality; and (2) individual project grants and center grants had differing effects on research performance.GAO studied five universities, whose resear...
Outlook for Expanding the Federal Research in Progress System
RCED-85-15: Published: Oct 22, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO conducted a study of the National Technical Information Service's (NTIS) Federal Research In Progress System (FEDRIP) to determine how the information systems of major federal research and development (R&D) agencies related to FEDRIP, and to provide information on how the Japanese and European governments promote the availability of this type of informat...