Federal agencies (31 - 40 of 78 items)
University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest
GAO-04-31: Published: Nov 14, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2003.
In fiscal year 2001, federal agencies provided $19 billion for university research, a vital part of the nation's research and development effort. GAO was asked to examine federal agencies' actions to ensure that (1) the results of the university research grants they fund are made available to the public and (2) universities receiving such grants implement policies for identifying and managing poss...
Technology Transfer: Agencies' Rights to Federally Sponsored Biomedical Inventions
GAO-03-536: Published: Jul 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2003.
The Bayh-Dole Act gives federal contractors, grantees, and cooperative agreement funding recipients the option to retain ownership rights to inventions they create as part of a federally sponsored research project and profit from commercializing them. The act also protects the government's interests, in part by requiring that federal agencies and their authorized funding recipients retain a licens...
Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology
GAO-03-47: Published: Oct 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2002.
The federal government is a primary sponsor of research conducted in the United States, expending during fiscal year 2001 $19.4 billion for research performed by federal employees and $62.2 billion for research conducted under contracts and grants. Some of this research leads to the development of technology that can be patented, licensed, and made available to the public through the introduction...
Research and Development Funding: Reported Gap Between Data From Federal Agencies and Their R&D Performers Results From Noncomparable Data
GAO-01-512R: Published: May 9, 2001. Publicly Released: May 9, 2001.
A January report by the National Science Foundation (NSF) identified a $5 billion gap between the amount of money that federal agencies reported as research and development (R&D) support and the amount of money that those who did the R&D work reported as spent in 1998. According to NSF, federal agencies earmarked about $72 billion for R&D support in 1998, while those who carried out the R&D report...
Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies' Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
T-RCED-00-122: Published: Mar 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed federal agencies' compliance with the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act, which directs federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards, focusing on: (1) the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) activities in carrying out their oversight responsibilities under t...
Research and Development: Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center's Process for Funding Projects
AIMD-99-277R: Published: Sep 24, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the process that the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center (CTAC) uses to fund research and development (R&D) projects.GAO noted that: (1) CTAC relies on support agents to provide technical and administrative contract support on R&D projects; (2) technical support includes: (a) monitoring a projec...
Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision
RCED-99-242: Published: Aug 12, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the government's rights to inventions under the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591, focusing on whether federal agencies: (1) ensure that contractors and grantees are complying with the provisions of the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591 on the disclosure, reporting, retention, and licensing of inventions created under fed...
Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened
RCED-99-114: Published: Jun 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on: (1) the distribution of awards by company and geographic area, with special emphasis on the share of awards received by the 25 most frequent winners; (2) the extent to which federal agencies are considering commercial potential and the program's other goals in making...
Health and Safety: Environmental Oversight of Classified Federal Research
T-RCED-96-99: Published: Mar 12, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1996.
GAO discussed its review of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) capability to conduct environmental oversight of classified federal research. GAO noted that: (1) EPA conducts limited oversight of classified federal research, primarily relying on agencies' internal environmental monitoring programs; (2) although agencies are required to submit environmental impact statements (EIS) to EPA fo...
NSF's Academic Facilities Program
RCED-95-153R: Published: Apr 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Academic Research Infrastructure Program, focusing on whether the program restricts academic institutions from including indirect or overhead costs in their matching contributions. GAO noted that: (1) the NSF program generally requires academic institutions to provide between 30 and 50 percent of a project's...