Research and development (1 - 10 of 22 items)
Technology Assessment: Climate Engineering: Technical Status, Future Directions, and Potential Responses
GAO-11-71: Published: Jul 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2011.
Interactive Features Depiction of the Global Carbon Cycle Changes Over Time Global Average Energy Budget of the Earth's Atmosphere Reports of rising global temperatures have raised questions about responses to climate change, including efforts to (1) reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, (2) adapt to climate change, and (3) design and develop climate engineering technologies for deliberate, la...
Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research
GAO-09-186: Published: Dec 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
Although competitive oil and natural gas markets generally provide incentives for companies to invest in research and development (R&D), some industry experts believe these companies may underinvest in certain areas. A recent GAO report noted important criteria for the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider in evaluating its oil and natural gas R&D efforts--including the likelihood that industry w...
Department of Energy: Oil and Natural Gas Research and Development Activities
GAO-08-190R: Published: Nov 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2007.
Domestic oil and natural gas production are important to meeting our nation's energy needs and represented more than 40 percent of the U.S. energy production in 2006. The Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken research and development (R&D) for oil and natural gas since its inception in the late 1970s. Historically, the federal government has entered into cost-sharing agreements with universiti...
Research and Development: Lessons Learned from Previous Research Could Benefit FreedomCAR Initiative
GAO-02-810T: Published: Jun 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2002.
The federal government has spent billions of dollars attempting to reduce the consumption of petroleum in the transportation sector for over 25 years. Throughout the period, the government has tried tax incentives, mandates to use vehicles that run on alternative fuels, and laws designed to enhance fuel efficiency. More recently, the federal government conducted a $1.2 billion partnership between...
Environmental Protection: Research and Development of Plasma Arc Technology Used to Treat Hazardous Waste
NSIAD-99-51R: Published: Feb 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on three selected research and development initiatives using the plasma arc technology to treat waste, focusing on comparing the characteristics of the largest of the Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives and both Navy shore and ship initiatives.GAO noted that: (1) the three initiatives use a similar source of heat to treat waste, but...
Energy Management: Technology Development Program Taking Action to Address Problems
RCED-96-184: Published: Jul 9, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined how the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is managing its technology development program.GAO found that: (1) EM has not coordinated its technology development activities among its program offices; (2) there is no comprehensive listing of EM technology development projects; (3) several DOE offices have funded 60 di...
National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development?
PEMD-95-2: Published: Nov 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Energy's national laboratories are engaged in basic and applied research or in research related to commercial product development.GAO found that: (1) the laboratories devoted more than half of their research and development (R&D) funds to commercial product development during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) most of the...
Federal Research: Super Collider--National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and Cost
RCED-93-158: Published: May 14, 1993. Publicly Released: May 19, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project, focusing on: (1) national security benefits of SSC; (2) the development of similar SSC programs by other countries or consortia; and (3) the total cost for completing the SSC project.GAO found that: (1) the high energy physics research proposed for SSC will not directly...
Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors' Discretionary R&D Funds
T-RCED-91-25: Published: Mar 19, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management oversight of three multiprogram laboratories' discretionary research and development (R&D) activities. GAO noted that DOE: (1) had specific authority to approve laboratories' reasonable use of funds for discretionary R&D activities; (2) guidance was not clear enough to ensure that laboratories used discretionary R&D funds appropriately; (3)...
Nuclear Research and Development: Shippingport Decommissioning--How Applicable Are the Lessons Learned?
RCED-90-208: Published: Sep 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) decommissioning of a Pennsylvania nuclear power plant, focusing on: (1) whether DOE had met congressional goals described in a 1986 hearing; and (2) additional information that could assist the commercial power plant industry.GAO found that: (1) DOE generally met congressional goals established for the power plant b...