Energy research (1 - 10 of 60 items)
Federal Research Opportunities: DOE, DOD, and HHS Need Better Guidance for Participant Activities
GAO-16-128: Published: Jan 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 20, 2016.
For fiscal years 2010 through 2014, the 11 departments and other federal agencies that sponsor research participants collectively expended $776.4 million for activities carried out through the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) research participation program (ORISE program). The three agencies with the highest expenditures for the program over the 5-year period were the Departme...
Technology Assessment: Climate Engineering: Technical Status, Future Directions, and Potential Responses
GAO-11-71: Published: Jul 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2011.
Interactive Features Depiction of the Global Carbon Cycle Changes Over Time Global Average Energy Budget of the Earth's Atmosphere Reports of rising global temperatures have raised questions about responses to climate change, including efforts to (1) reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, (2) adapt to climate change, and (3) design and develop climate engineering technologies for deliberate, la...
Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research
GAO-09-186: Published: Dec 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
Although competitive oil and natural gas markets generally provide incentives for companies to invest in research and development (R&D), some industry experts believe these companies may underinvest in certain areas. A recent GAO report noted important criteria for the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider in evaluating its oil and natural gas R&D efforts--including the likelihood that industry w...
Department of Energy: Oil and Natural Gas Research and Development Activities
GAO-08-190R: Published: Nov 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2007.
Domestic oil and natural gas production are important to meeting our nation's energy needs and represented more than 40 percent of the U.S. energy production in 2006. The Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken research and development (R&D) for oil and natural gas since its inception in the late 1970s. Historically, the federal government has entered into cost-sharing agreements with universiti...
Research and Development: Lessons Learned from Previous Research Could Benefit FreedomCAR Initiative
GAO-02-810T: Published: Jun 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2002.
The federal government has spent billions of dollars attempting to reduce the consumption of petroleum in the transportation sector for over 25 years. Throughout the period, the government has tried tax incentives, mandates to use vehicles that run on alternative fuels, and laws designed to enhance fuel efficiency. More recently, the federal government conducted a $1.2 billion partnership between...
Environmental Protection: Research and Development of Plasma Arc Technology Used to Treat Hazardous Waste
NSIAD-99-51R: Published: Feb 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on three selected research and development initiatives using the plasma arc technology to treat waste, focusing on comparing the characteristics of the largest of the Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives and both Navy shore and ship initiatives.GAO noted that: (1) the three initiatives use a similar source of heat to treat waste, but...
Federal Research: Changes in Electricity-Related R&D Funding
RCED-96-203: Published: Aug 16, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) changes in the amount of funding for electricity-related research and development (R&D); and (2) the impact of these changes on the types of R&D being funded.GAO found that: (1) Department of Energy (DOE) funding for electricity-related R&D increased between fiscal years (FY) 1993 and 1995, but began to decrease by FY 1996 due t...
Energy Research: Recovery of Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects
T-RCED-96-225: Published: Aug 1, 1996. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1996.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) investment in technology development projects, focusing on the: (1) extent to which DOE requires repayment for its investment in such projects; and (2) advantages and disadvantages of the DOE repayment policy. GAO noted that: (1) DOE rarely requires repayment for its investment in cost-shared technology projects; (2) four projects require repayment fo...
Energy Management: Technology Development Program Taking Action to Address Problems
RCED-96-184: Published: Jul 9, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined how the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is managing its technology development program.GAO found that: (1) EM has not coordinated its technology development activities among its program offices; (2) there is no comprehensive listing of EM technology development projects; (3) several DOE offices have funded 60 di...
Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects
RCED-96-141: Published: Jun 26, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) cost-sharing arrangements it has with the private sector to fund technology development programs, focusing on the: (1) extent to which DOE requires repayment of its investment in cost-shared technology development; and (2) advantages and disadvantages of repayment.GAO found that: (1) of the many cost-shared technolo...