Appropriations (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program
RCED-94-75: Published: Mar 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 1994.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Pilot Technology Access Program (TAPP), which provides small businesses with technical and business information and expertise that they may not be aware of or able to afford, focusing on the program's status, implementation, and evaluation.GAO found that: (1) while the Small Business Administration (SBA) provides TAPP funding,...
Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development
T-RCED-92-92: Published: Sep 15, 1992. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 1992.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to foster new treatment technologies to clean up hazardous waste sites, focusing on: (1) innovative technologies that have been demonstrated, selected, or used for Superfund cleanup sites; and (2) EPA efforts to reduce barriers to the development and use of innovative technologies. GAO noted that: (1) EPA has planned 119 field demon...
University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results
RCED-92-104: Published: May 4, 1992. Publicly Released: May 26, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed the principal universities receiving technology development funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to obtain information about the extent to which: (1) universities license federally funded technology; (2) foreign companies participate in universities' industrial liaison programs; and (3) univ...
Cleanup Technology: Better Management for DOE's Technology Development Program
RCED-92-145: Published: Apr 10, 1992. Publicly Released: May 11, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management of its Technology Development (TD) Program, focusing on ways that DOE can increase the program's effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) DOE established the TD Program as part of its efforts to clean up the environment; (2) although DOE has begun to implement the TD Program and fund major research and developme...
Technology Transfer: Federal Efforts to Enhance the Competitiveness of Small Manufacturers
RCED-92-30: Published: Nov 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) technology needs of small manufacturers to improve their competitiveness; and (2) effectiveness of four federal programs, especially the Department of Commerce's Manufacturing Technology Centers Program, in addressing those needs.GAO found that: (1) most state-of-the-art automated technologies developed at the National Insti...
Federal Research: SEMATECH's Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry
RCED-90-236: Published: Sep 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium's (SEMATECH) efforts to strengthen U.S. suppliers of equipment and materials for the semiconductor manufacturing industry.GAO found that: (1) by 1989, Japanese firms had captured 4 of the top 5 semiconductor equipment-supplier positions, while only 4 U.S. companies were among the 10 largest supp...
Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE's Super Collider
RCED-89-18: Published: Jan 30, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the process for determining the best-qualified sites for the superconducting super collider (SSC), specifically the: (1) composition of the site evaluation committee; (2) committee's use of the Department of Energy's (DOE) technical evaluation and cost criteria; (3) impact of the DOE decision not to have the committee make site visits; (4) commi...
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
National Science Foundation: Problems Found in Decision Process for Awarding Earthquake Center
RCED-87-146: Published: Jun 24, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the National Science Foundation's (NSF) procedures for awarding a cooperative agreement for an earthquake engineering research center (EERC) to determine whether: (1) the panelists that NSF chose exhibited favoritism for any proposal; (2) the panelists met NSF selection criteria for reviewers; and (3) problems existed with NSF management of the...
A Long-Term Plan Is Needed To Guide DOE and Multiprogram Laboratory Research and Development Activities
RCED-84-30: Published: Jan 16, 1984. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 1984.
A review was completed of the Department of Energy's (DOE) research and development (R&D) planning activities to determine whether DOE provided sufficient planning direction to its nine contractor-operated research laboratories and whether this direction was based on long-term DOE R&D goals, objectives, and priorities.In March 1982, DOE initiated efforts to develop a 5-year R&D plan to identify it...