Economic development (21 - 30 of 54 items)
University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results
RCED-92-104: Published: May 4, 1992. Publicly Released: May 26, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed the principal universities receiving technology development funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to obtain information about the extent to which: (1) universities license federally funded technology; (2) foreign companies participate in universities' industrial liaison programs; and (3) univ...
Cleanup Technology: Better Management for DOE's Technology Development Program
RCED-92-145: Published: Apr 10, 1992. Publicly Released: May 11, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management of its Technology Development (TD) Program, focusing on ways that DOE can increase the program's effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) DOE established the TD Program as part of its efforts to clean up the environment; (2) although DOE has begun to implement the TD Program and fund major research and developme...
Federal Research: Concerns About the Superconducting Super Collider
T-RCED-92-48: Published: Apr 9, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1992.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider (SSC). GAO noted that: (1) DOE has made considerable progress on the development of the superconducting magnets, but more work is needed before industry can mass-produce the magnets; (2) the potential impact of cost and schedule changes is unknown because DOE does not have an integrated management system in place to moni...
Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Can Be Strengthened
T-RCED-92-32: Published: Feb 26, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1992.
GAO discussed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, focusing on products' commercial trends in Phase III of the program, which involves the use of non-federal funds for commercial application of the technology or follow-on non-SBIR government contracts for government application. GAO noted that: (1) about half of the SBIR projects are of about the same quality as other federal res...
Technology Transfer: Federal Efforts to Enhance the Competitiveness of Small Manufacturers
RCED-92-30: Published: Nov 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) technology needs of small manufacturers to improve their competitiveness; and (2) effectiveness of four federal programs, especially the Department of Commerce's Manufacturing Technology Centers Program, in addressing those needs.GAO found that: (1) most state-of-the-art automated technologies developed at the National Insti...
Federal Research: Concerns About Developing and Producing Magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider
T-RCED-91-51: Published: May 9, 1991. Publicly Released: May 9, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), focusing on the DOE and SSC laboratory's approach in developing and industrially producing SSC laboratory's superconducting magnets. GAO noted that: (1) although the industry produced superconducting magnets for an accelerator, it was difficult to determine whether the DOE and the SSC laboratory woul...
Federal Research: Status of DOE's Superconducting Super Collider
RCED-91-116: Published: Apr 15, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), focusing on the: (1) stability of DOE and SSC laboratory project management; (2) uncertainties related to the SSC site geology; (3) uncertainties and risks associated with magnet development and production; and (4) Texas' proposed contribution to the project's cost...
Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors' Discretionary R&D Funds
T-RCED-91-25: Published: Mar 19, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management oversight of three multiprogram laboratories' discretionary research and development (R&D) activities. GAO noted that DOE: (1) had specific authority to approve laboratories' reasonable use of funds for discretionary R&D activities; (2) guidance was not clear enough to ensure that laboratories used discretionary R&D funds appropriately; (3)...
Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany's Industrially Produced Magnets
RCED-91-94FS: Published: Feb 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) a chronological history of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Superconducting Super Collider's (SSC) cost estimates; (2) information on Germany's experience with industrially produced superconducting magnets for its Hadron Electron Ring Accelerator (HERA); and (3) information on the SSC approach to developing and producing superconducting magnet...
Federal Research: SEMATECH's Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry
RCED-90-236: Published: Sep 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium's (SEMATECH) efforts to strengthen U.S. suppliers of equipment and materials for the semiconductor manufacturing industry.GAO found that: (1) by 1989, Japanese firms had captured 4 of the top 5 semiconductor equipment-supplier positions, while only 4 U.S. companies were among the 10 largest supp...