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Science and Technology (31 - 40 of 544 items)
Small Business Innovation Research: Change in Program Eligibility Has Had Little Impact
GAO-15-68: Published: Nov 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2014.
Two of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Administration's (SBA) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program—the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Energy (DOE)—opted to open part of their SBIR programs to small businesses that are majority-owned by multiple venture capital or similar firms (majority-owned portfolio companies), allowing s...
Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives
GAO-15-127: Published: Oct 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2014.
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) has taken steps to communicate with potential customers, including small businesses and entrepreneurs, but has not obtained feedback from them to assess their needs when designing and implementing technology transfer clearinghouse initiatives. This resulted in missed opportunities to better meet potential customer needs. For example,...
Federally Funded Research Centers: Agency Reviews of Employee Compensation and Center Performance
GAO-14-593: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The 30 federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC) sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Defense (DOD), and National Science Foundation (NSF) received nearly $84 billion in total funding for fiscal years 2008 through 2012. Of these 30 centers, the 16 sponsored by DOE received about 79 percent of this funding according to GAO's analysis of sponsoring agencies' res...
Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development
GAO-14-865T: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not know the total amount its components had invested in research and development (R&D) and did not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and Coast Guard...
Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development
GAO-14-813T: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not know the total amount its components invested in research and development (R&D) and did not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and Coast Guard were...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Past Work and Preliminary Observations on Research and Development at the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office
GAO-14-783T: Published: Jul 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
GAO has reported on the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Domestic Nuclear Detection Office's (DNDO) since 2006. GAO has identified challenges and made recommendations in the following areas:DNDO's efforts to develop the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (GNDA): In 2008, GAO recommended that DHS develop a strategic plan to guide the development of the GNDA, a framework for 74 independen...
Information Management: The National Technical Information Service's Dissemination of Technical Reports Needs Attention
GAO-14-781T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
The Department of Commerce's National Technical Information Service (NTIS) offers a variety of products and information-related services. Its products include a repository of scientific, technical, engineering, and business research reports, which it makes available individually as well as through subscriptions to its reports library. However, from fiscal year 2001 through 2011, costs for NTIS's p...
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Has Developed Some Technologies that Support Military Users, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-748T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Transitioning technologies from defense research and technology development programs, such as through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, to military users has been a long-standing challenge for the Department of Defense (DOD). Over the past decade, Congress and DOD have taken several steps to address transition challenges in DOD's SBIR program. For example, the military departm...
High-Containment Laboratories: Recent Incidents of Biosafety Lapses
GAO-14-785T: Published: Jul 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
No federal entity is responsible for strategic planning and oversight of high-containment laboratories. Since the 1990s, the number of high-containment laboratories has risen; however, the expansion of high-containment laboratories was not based on a government-wide coordinated strategy. Instead, the expansion was based on the perceptions of individual agencies about the capacity required for thei...
NOAA Aircraft: Aging Fleet and Future Challenges Underscore the Need for a Capital Asset Plan
GAO-14-566: Published: Jul 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the Department of Commerce has 34 efforts aimed at improving its aircraft asset planning and management, some of which are ongoing, while others are under way or planned; however, because these efforts are not yet fully implemented, it is too early to determine whether they will reflect the leading practices in capital asset managem...