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Science and Technology (141 - 150 of 543 items)
International Trade: Concerns Over Biotechnology Challenge U.S. Agricultural Exports
GAO-01-727: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2001.
This report reviews the challenges facing U.S. agricultural biotechnology products in international trade. GAO found that new regulations and guidelines that may restrict U.S. exports of crops with a large biotech component are being enacted or considered by some U.S. trading partners and are also under discussion in various international organizations. These actions address approval, labeling, an...
Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags
GAO-01-596: Published: Jun 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 2001.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a rule requiring vehicle manufacturers to install advanced air bag systems in an increasing number of cars beginning in 2003. This report reviews the development of technologies that vehicle manufacturers plan to use to comply with the advanced air bag rule. GAO found that some advanced air bag technologies are now being install...
Research and Development Funding: Reported Gap Between Data From Federal Agencies and Their R&D Performers Results From Noncomparable Data
GAO-01-512R: Published: May 9, 2001. Publicly Released: May 9, 2001.
A January report by the National Science Foundation (NSF) identified a $5 billion gap between the amount of money that federal agencies reported as research and development (R&D) support and the amount of money that those who did the R&D work reported as spent in 1998. According to NSF, federal agencies earmarked about $72 billion for R&D support in 1998, while those who carried out the R&D report...
Record Linkage and Privacy: Issues in Creating New Federal Research and Statistical Information
GAO-01-126SP: Published: Apr 1, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2001.
This study focuses on privacy issues related to record-linkage--a computer-based process that combines multiple sources of existing data. Federally sponsored linkage projects conducted for research and statistical purposes have many potential benefits, such as informing policy debates; tracking program outcomes; helping local government or business planning; or contributing knowledge that, in some...
Intellectual Property: Deposits of Biological Materials in Support of Certain Patent Applications
GAO-01-49: Published: Oct 16, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2000.
Under U.S. patent law, a patent must describe the subject invention in enough detail for someone skilled in that field to use or make it. In cases involving biological materials, the inventor may have to submit a sample. Some members of the biotechnology industry believe that biological deposits make patent infringement easier, reasoning that a person or organization can obtain a sample of the dep...
Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina
T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228: Published: Jun 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the prices of genetically modified seeds, focusing on : (1) the prices of Roundup Ready soybeans and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn seeds in the United States and Argentina; and (2) major reasons for any identified price differences between the two countries.GAO noted that: (1) the ranges of commercial prices in 1998 for popular varieties of Rou...
Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research
RCED-00-109: Published: Apr 25, 2000. Publicly Released: May 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) merit review practices, focusing on: (1) what procedures DOE has established for performing merit reviews; and (2) whether DOE could document that it has followed the merit review procedures it has established.GAO noted that: (1) both the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the Office of Power Technol...
Cooperative Research: Results of U.S.-Industry Partnership to Develop a New Generation of Vehicles
RCED-00-81: Published: Mar 30, 2000. Publicly Released: May 4, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed a partnership between the federal government and three domestic automobile manufacturers called the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), focusing on: (1) the progress made to date toward achieving the partnership goals; (2) the historical federal funding levels; (3) the technologies being developed under PNGV; and (4) a comparison o...
Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Could Limit Identification of Similar Research
RCED-00-114: Published: Apr 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) whether, in the past, ATP had funded projects with research goals that were similar to projects funded by the private sector; and (2) if such cases were identified, whether ATP's award selection process ensures that such research would not be fu...
Laboratory Research: State of Tennessee Exempts DOE's Spallation Neutron Source Project From Sales and Use Taxes
RCED-00-99R: Published: Mar 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the tax expenses associated with building the Department of Energy's Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project, focusing on whether it would be less expensive to build the project at any of the participating national laboratories.GAO noted that: (1) the sales and use tax costs to build the SNS Project at the Oak Ridge National Labora...