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Science and Technology (71 - 80 of 544 items)
National Science Foundation: Steps Taken to Improve Contracting Practices, but Opportunities Exist to Do More
GAO-13-292: Published: Mar 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2013.
For the contracts GAO reviewed, the National Science Foundation (NSF) generally used key contracting practices in each of the three phases of the acquisition process, but the agency needs additional guidance on early acquisition planning as well as arrangements for contract audits.The contracts GAO reviewed all involved some degree of acquisition planning, but NSF's guidance does not address appro...
Defense Technology Development: Technology Transition Programs Support Military Users, but Opportunities Exist to Improve Measurement of Outcomes
GAO-13-286: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
GAO identified 20 technology transition programs--managed by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and the military departments--that provide structured mechanisms and funding to facilitate technology transition. All of the programs GAO reviewed are consistent in providing opportunities to transition technologies from the science and technology (S&T) environment to a user, such as a weapon...
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Continued Coordination, Operational Data, and Performance Standards Needed to Guide Research and Development
GAO-13-346T: Published: Feb 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2013.
While Congress has tasked FAA to lead the effort of safely integrating unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in the national airspace, several federal and other entities also have a role. FAA has established various mechanisms to facilitate collaboration with these entities. For example, FAA has entered into formal agreements with the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Ad...
Batteries and Energy Storage: Federal Initiatives Supported Similar Technologies and Goals but Had Key Differences
GAO-12-842: Published: Aug 30, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 2012.
GAO identified 39 battery and energy storage initiatives with a variety of key characteristics that were implemented across six agencies: the Departments of Energy (DOE) and Defense (DOD), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). These in...
Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Should Be Strengthened
GAO-12-837: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not know the total amount its components invest in research and development (R&D) and does not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science & Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and U. S. Coast Guard are the only components that conduct...
Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research
GAO-12-427: Published: May 21, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2012.
From fiscal years 2006 to 2010, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) reported more than a doubling of National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) member agencies funding for nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (EHS) researchfrom approximately $38 million to $90 million. Reported EHS research funding also rose as a percentage of total nanotechnology funding...
The Department of Energy's Office of Science Uses a Multilayered Process for Prioritizing Research
GAO-12-410R: Published: Feb 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2012.
Science establishes research priorities within and across its six core interdisciplinary research programs, which include a wide variety of research ranging from biology to particle physics. However, Science does not explicitly rank these programs in terms of priority. The office currently prioritizes research that aligns with the Secretary of Energys interest in fostering the development of...
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies
GAO-12-108: Published: Jan 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2012.
In fiscal year 2010, 13 federal agencies invested over $3 billion in 209 programs designed to increase knowledge of STEM fields and attainment of STEM degrees. The number of programs within agencies ranged from 3 to 46, with the Departments of Health and Human Services and Energy and the National Science Foundation administering more than half of these programs. Almost a third of the programs had...
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Survey of Federal Programs (GAO-12-110SP, January 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-108
GAO-12-110SP: Published: Jan 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2012.
This E-supplement is a companion to our report entitled "Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies," GAO-12-108. The purpose of the survey was to gather program information--such as objectives, services provided, target groups served, obligations, and outcome metrics tracked--on federal STEM...
DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate's Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts
GAO-12-239T: Published: Nov 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2011.
This testimony discusses our prior work examining the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and Research and Development (R&D) efforts. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 created DHS and, within it, established S&T with the responsibility for conducting national research, development, test and evaluation (T&E) of technology and systems for, among other thi...