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Science and Technology (51 - 60 of 544 items)
Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies
GAO-14-408R: Published: Apr 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2014.
Limited data are available on federal vehicle accidents and their associated costs. Available data sources do not allow for a comprehensive measurement of either the number of accidents involving federally owned or leased vehicles or the associated costs. Data on the number of accidents involving vehicles leased from the General Services Administration (GSA), representing about 29 percent of the f...
Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements
GAO-14-567T: Published: Apr 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2014.
Using data agencies had reported to the Small Business Administration (SBA), GAO found in its 2013 report that 8 of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and 4 of the 5 agencies participating in the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program did not consistently comply with spending requirements for fiscal years 2006 to 2011. SBA, which overs...
Nuclear Weapons: Technology Development Efforts for the Uranium Processing Facility
GAO-14-295: Published: Apr 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2014.
GAO has identified five additional risks since its November 2010 report ( GAO-11-103 ) associated with using new technologies in the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Uranium Processing Facility (UPF), which is to be built in three interrelated phases. These risks and the steps that NNSA is taking to address them include the following:Technology integration risks . An August 201...
Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Most Federal Spending Directly Supports Work with Manufacturers, but Distribution Could Be Improved
GAO-14-317: Published: Mar 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2014.
Of the approximately $608 million spent by the Department of Commerce's (Commerce) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in fiscal years 2009 through 2013 on the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program, NIST used most of the funds to directly support MEP centers. Specifically, NIST spent about $495 million on awards to centers and spent the rest on contracts, staff, agenc...
Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health
GAO-14-181SP: Published: Jan 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2014.
What the Participants SaidThe forum's participants described nanomanufacturing as a future megatrend that will potentially match or surpass the digital revolution's effect on society and the economy. They anticipated further scientific breakthroughs that will fuel new engineering developments; continued movement into the manufacturing sector; and more intense international competition.Although lim...
Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report
GAO-14-287R: Published: Jan 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2014.
On October 11, 2013, DOD submitted to the congressional defense committees the OPIR Technology report. Upon reviewing the report, we determined that the OPIR report was comprehensive and appropriately identified its limitations. In particular, DOD, in consultation with the IC, provided a description of (1) the plan and budget for current and next generation OPIR systems and (2) OPIR technology req...
James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress
GAO-14-72: Published: Jan 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2014.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project is generally executing to its September 2011 revised cost and schedule baseline; however, several challenges remain that could affect continued progress. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has requested funding that is in line with the rebaseline and the project is maintaining 14 months of schedule reserve prior to its launch date...
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Supports Weapon Systems, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Technology Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-96: Published: Dec 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2013.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs within the military departments use a variety of practices and tools to facilitate technology transition--the act of passing technologies developed in the science and technology environment on to users such as weapon system acquisition programs or warfighters in the field. GAO identified some common transition practices and tools across SBIR p...
Information Resellers: Consumer Privacy Framework Needs to Reflect Changes in Technology and the Marketplace
GAO-13-663: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2013.
No overarching federal privacy law governs the collection and sale of personal information among private-sector companies, including information resellers. Instead, a variety of laws tailored to specific purposes, situations, or entities governs the use, sharing, and protection of personal information. For example, the Fair Credit Reporting Act limits the use and distribution of personal informati...
GPS Disruptions: Efforts to Assess Risks to Critical Infrastructure and Coordinate Agency Actions Should Be Enhanced
GAO-14-15: Published: Nov 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2013.
To assess the risks and potential effects from disruptions in the Global Positioning System (GPS) on critical infrastructure, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published the GPS National Risk Estimate (NRE) in 2012. In doing so, DHS conducted a scenario-based risk assessment for four critical infrastructure sectors using subject matter experts from inside and outside of government. Risk as...