Water quality (31 - 40 of 66 items)
Drinking Water: Key Quality Assurance Program Is Flawed and Underfunded
T-RCED-93-31: Published: Apr 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1993.
GAO discussed its report on state sanitary survey programs, focusing on: (1) whether state sanitary surveys are comprehensive enough to determine if public water systems are capable of providing good-quality drinking water; and (2) what the survey results reveal about the operation and condition of water systems nationwide. GAO noted that: (1) many states did not adequately conduct, document, or i...
Drinking Water: Projects That May Damage Sole Source Aquifers Are Not Always Identified
RCED-93-4: Published: Oct 13, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act's sole-source provisions; (2) gathered information about whether the Federal Highway Administration (FHwA) followed established procedures for referring two highway projects located over the Edwards Aquifer in Texas to EPA for review; and (3) examined whe...
Natural Resources Protection: Reelfoot Lake Lease Terms Met, but Lake Continues to Deteriorate
RCED-92-99: Published: Aug 17, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on Reelfoot Lake in Tennessee, focusing on: (1) the Fish and Wildlife Service's (FWS) compliance with its lease agreement with Tennessee; (2) the primary causes of the lake's deterioration; and (3) options for and barriers for improving the lake's condition.GAO found that: (1) FWS responsibilities over Reelfoot Lake and Reelfoot Nationa...
Water Resources: Future Needs for Confining Contaminated Sediment in the Great Lakes Region
RCED-92-89: Published: Jul 17, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the status of the confined disposal facilities (CDF) currently being used in the Great Lakes to store contaminated dredged sediments; (2) the long-term need for CDF in the region; and (3) difficulties in locating sites for future CDF.GAO found that: (1) most federally funded CDF will be filled to capacity by 2006, and funding for new, replacem...
Water Pollution: Alternative Strategies Needed to Reduce Wastewater Treatment Costs
T-RCED-92-84: Published: Aug 4, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1992.
GAO discussed its report on the states' ability to meet their wastewater treatment needs through state revolving funds (SRF). GAO noted that: (1) the Water Quality Act of 1987 phased out the Environmental Protection Agency's Construction Grants Program and replaced it with a program that authorized states to develop their own SRF programs; (2) SRF are effective for providing a subsidy to local gov...
USDA's Water Quality Cost-Share Programs
RCED-92-202R: Published: Jul 9, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) water quality cost-share programs. GAO noted that: (1) major portions of USDA water quality programs and activities are not formally coordinated at the Department level, but are planned and implemented at the Under or Assistant Secretary level and on an agency-by-agency basis; (2) USDA has colle...
Hazardous Waste: Impediments Have Delayed the Closing and Cleanup of Land Disposal Facilities
T-RCED-92-64: Published: May 28, 1992. Publicly Released: May 28, 1992.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA): (1) progress in closing and issuing post-closure permits to hazardous waste disposal facilities; (2) inspection and enforcement efforts for ensuring compliance with closure and post-closure requirements; and (3) impediments delaying closure and issuance of permits. GAO noted that: (1) since fiscal year (FY) 1987, EPA has made little progre...
Nitrogen Pollution in Long Island Sound
RCED-92-171R: Published: May 19, 1992. Publicly Released: May 19, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined water quality problems in Long Island Sound and the strategies designed to address them. GAO noted that: (1) sewage treatment plants are the primary source of excessive nitrogen levels in the Sound; (2) in 1991, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), New York, and Connecticut agreed to implement a strategy to prevent net increases of nitrogen i...
Water Pollution: EPA Budget Needs to Place Greater Emphasis on Controlling Nonpoint Source Pollution
T-RCED-92-46: Published: Apr 7, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 1992.
GAO discussed: (1) its report on barriers to state and local efforts to control non-point-source water pollution and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to control such pollution; and (2) EPA budget priorities for water quality for fiscal year (FY) 1992 and FY 1993. GAO noted that federal barriers to state and local non-point-source water pollution control efforts include: (1) agri...
Water Pollution: More Emphasis Needed on Prevention in EPA's Efforts to Protect Groundwater
RCED-92-47: Published: Dec 30, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to prevent groundwater contamination, focusing on: (1) its emphasis on contamination prevention activities; and (2) major barriers inhibiting implementation of a preventive approach.GAO found that: (1) the groundwater contamination prevention strategy EPA designed in 1984 has made limited progress...