Water pollution control (51 - 68 of 68 items)
Water Pollution: Serious Problems Confront Emerging Municipal Sludge Management Program
RCED-90-57: Published: Mar 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) development of a mandated municipal sludge management program, focusing on: (1) the status of EPA and state municipal sludge management efforts; (2) potential obstacles to permanent program implementation; and (3) key issues concerning EPA development of technical sludge standards.GAO found that: (1) few...
Coast Guard: Adequacy of Preparation and Response to Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
RCED-90-44: Published: Oct 30, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) evaluated the oil industry's and the federal government's preparedness for responding to a March 1989 spill of over 10 million gallons of crude oil in Prince William Sound, Alaska; and (2) examined industry and government measures that could prevent future spills.GAO found that: (1) the firm operating the vessel targeted its oil spill response plan for...
Adequacy of Preparation and Response Related to Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
T-RCED-89-59: Published: Aug 10, 1989. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1989.
GAO discussed the oil industry's and federal government's response to a large oil spill in Alaska. GAO found that: (1) an inadequate initial response to the spill resulted from equipment and personnel shortages, inadequate communications, and an ineffective organizational structure; (2) the pipeline terminal operator only assembled equipment and personnel for the most likely accident, which was fa...
Observations on Infectious Waste Management
T-RCED-89-55: Published: Jul 25, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 1989.
GAO discussed six states' infectious waste regulatory programs and infectious waste management issues. GAO found that: (1) 90 percent of the states regulated or planned to regulate medical wastes but did not necessarily have separate infectious waste laws or programs; (2) five of the six states had specific infectious wastes legislation, while Arizona used its general health, air, and solid waste...
Water Pollution: Stronger Enforcement Needed To Improve Compliance at Federal Facilities
RCED-89-13: Published: Dec 27, 1988. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) federal facilities' compliance with the Water Pollution Control Act; and (2) the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and states' oversight and enforcement of the facilities' compliance with the act.GAO found that: (1) most federal facilities did not comply with National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program priority req...
Water Pollution: More EPA Action Needed to Improve the Quality of Heavily Polluted Waters
RCED-89-38: Published: Jan 6, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Region X to determine: (1) how well EPA and the states implemented Clean Water Act requirements to clean up rivers that did not meet water quality standards after construction of treatment plants; and (2) what actions EPA and Oregon took to set stricter pollution limits on the Tualatin and South Umpqua...
Water Pollution: Efforts to Clean Up Michigan's Rouge River
RCED-88-164: Published: Aug 10, 1988. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal, state, and local efforts to clean up Michigan's Rouge River, focusing on: (1) the overall quality of the river's waters; (2) pollutant sources; (3) the status of cleanup planning efforts; and (4) costs of remedial cleanup efforts.GAO found that: (1) Michigan's Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) was responsible for managing the river's...
Environmental Protection Agency: Protecting Human Health and the Environment Through Improved Management
RCED-88-101: Published: Aug 16, 1988. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 1988.
GAO performed a management review of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to determine how EPA can: (1) make and sustain management improvements to strengthen policy development; (2) better achieve program initiatives; (3) improve the integrity of management support systems; and (4) enhance planning for future environmental issues.GAO found that EPA actions to increase managerial and operatio...
Fighting Groundwater Contamination: State Activities to Date and the Need for More Information From EPA
T-PEMD-88-7: Published: May 17, 1988. Publicly Released: May 17, 1988.
GAO discussed states' efforts to protect groundwater resources and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to help states establish technical standards for groundwater protection. GAO questioned 50 states and 7 territories and found that: (1) most states indicated that underground storage tanks were a significant source of water contamination; (2) 22 of 57 respondents had groundwater p...
Hazardous Waste: Problems and Cleanup Efforts at an FAA Facility in Oklahoma City
RCED-88-113FS: Published: Mar 3, 1988. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) nature and extent of hazardous waste problems at the Federal Aviation Administration's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center; and (2) actions the Center took to clean up contamination.GAO found that: (1) state and local regulatory agencies cited the Center several times between 1984 and 1987 for various hazardous waste violat...
Groundwater Standards: States Need More Information From EPA
PEMD-88-6: Published: Mar 16, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO described: (1) information in Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) documents about groundwater contaminants that is available to states for setting groundwater standards; and (2) existing drinking water standards.GAO found that: (1) 41 of the 57 states and territories set their own numerical or narrative standards for groundwater contaminants, since the...
Hazardous Waste: Controls Over Injection Well Disposal Operations Protect Drinking Water
RCED-87-170: Published: Aug 28, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program, to assess: (1) the extent to which hazardous waste has contaminated underground sources of drinking water; and (2) EPA and state oversight of underground injection of hazardous waste.GAO found that: (1) although there are few confirmed cases of drinking-wate...
Assessment of EPA's Hazardous Waste Enforcement Strategy
RCED-85-166: Published: Sep 5, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed and summarized the information obtained through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement Strategy. Congress provided EPA with funds to develop a compliance monitoring and enforcement policy, and a schedule to ensure 90-percent compliance with these requirements...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
Federal and State Efforts To Protect Ground Water
RCED-84-80: Published: Feb 21, 1984. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal and state efforts to protect the nation's ground water supplies.About 50 percent of the nation's population depends on ground water for its drinking water supply. Ground water use has increased greatly in recent years and concern has grown regarding ground water contamination problems. GAO found that there is no comprehensive national datab...
Billions Could Be Saved Through Waivers for Coastal Wastewater Treatment Plants
CED-81-68: Published: May 22, 1981. Publicly Released: May 22, 1981.
The Clean Water Act of 1977 allows the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to grant waivers to publicly owned wastewater treatment facilities so that thay can discharge primary treated municipal waste into the marine environment when it can be shown that costly secondary treatment is not necessary. Many communities have been discouraged from applying for secondary treatment waivers because of le...
Information on Questions About the Brush Creek (PA) Sewage Project
CED-80-112: Published: Aug 8, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 1980.
GAO responded to a citizens group and congressional questions raised about the Brush Creek Sewer Project in Marshall Township, Pennsylvania. These questions involved the need and justification for the sewer system, the approval procedures followed by the State and Federal agencies involved, and the economic burden placed on affected residents. It also addressed the question of whether additional F...
Many Water Quality Standard Violations May Not Be Significant Enough To Justify Costly Preventive Actions
CED-80-86: Published: Jul 2, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers a Construction Grants Program under the Water Pollution Control Act to restore and maintain the quality of the Nation's waters. EPA estimates that $10 billion will be needed through the year 2000 to construct advanced wastewater treatment (AWT) facilities for municipal sewage for the program. GAO discussed wastewater treatment with federal and...