Water pollution control (21 - 30 of 68 items)
Water Pollution: Many Violations Have Not Received Appropriate Enforcement Attention
RCED-96-23: Published: Mar 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in ensuring that facilities comply with federal pollutant discharge requirements, focusing on: (1) the frequency of facilities' violations; (2) the limitations of EPA systems and the effects of these limitations; and (3) EPA plans to correct these facilities.GAO found that EPA: (1) compliance dat...
Water Pollution: Differences Among the States in Issuing Permits Limiting the Discharge of Pollutants
RCED-96-42: Published: Jan 23, 1996. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1996.
GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) authority to permit municipal wastewater treatment facilities to discharge pollutants into surface waters, focusing on: (1) differences in how EPA and the states control discharges of specific pollutants; and (2) EPA oversight of state water quality standards and policies.GAO found that: (1) controls over the discharge of pollutants in surfa...
Water Pollution: Information on the Use of Alternative Wastewater Treatment Systems
RCED-94-109: Published: Sep 26, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether wastewater treatment costs could be reduced by using alternative treatment systems, focusing on: (1) whether cost-effective alternatives to conventional wastewater treatment systems exist; (2) the barriers that limit the use of these alternatives; and (3) how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is addressing the development of future...
National Water-Quality Assessment: Geological Survey Faces Formidable Data Management Challenges
IMTEC-93-30: Published: Jun 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment Program's (NAWQA) efforts to obtain and use water-quality data.GAO found that: (1) the NAWQA program has sought ways to cooperate and share related data with other federal, state, and local agencies to offset the expense of collecting, analyzing, and storing water-quality data an...
Drinking Water: Stronger Efforts Needed to Protect Areas Around Public Wells From Contamination
RCED-93-96: Published: Apr 14, 1993. Publicly Released: May 4, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and state efforts to implement the wellhead protection (WHP) program, focusing on the: (1) barriers to states' WHP program development and implementation; and (2) options available to overcome implementation barriers.GAO found that: (1) only 26 states and 1 territory have complied with the 1989 legislativ...
Environmental Enforcement: EPA Cannot Ensure the Accuracy of Self-Reported Compliance Monitoring Data
RCED-93-21: Published: Mar 31, 1993. Publicly Released: May 4, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and authorized states' procedures for ensuring the accuracy of self-reported data used in environmental compliance and detection activities, focusing on whether: (1) facilities subject to environmental regulation identify themselves to EPA or an authorized state; (2) sampling results are accurate and reli...
Drinking Water: Projects That May Damage Sole Source Aquifers Are Not Always Identified
RCED-93-4: Published: Oct 13, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act's sole-source provisions; (2) gathered information about whether the Federal Highway Administration (FHwA) followed established procedures for referring two highway projects located over the Edwards Aquifer in Texas to EPA for review; and (3) examined whe...
Water Resources: Future Needs for Confining Contaminated Sediment in the Great Lakes Region
RCED-92-89: Published: Jul 17, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the status of the confined disposal facilities (CDF) currently being used in the Great Lakes to store contaminated dredged sediments; (2) the long-term need for CDF in the region; and (3) difficulties in locating sites for future CDF.GAO found that: (1) most federally funded CDF will be filled to capacity by 2006, and funding for new, replacem...
Water Pollution: Alternative Strategies Needed to Reduce Wastewater Treatment Costs
T-RCED-92-84: Published: Aug 4, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1992.
GAO discussed its report on the states' ability to meet their wastewater treatment needs through state revolving funds (SRF). GAO noted that: (1) the Water Quality Act of 1987 phased out the Environmental Protection Agency's Construction Grants Program and replaced it with a program that authorized states to develop their own SRF programs; (2) SRF are effective for providing a subsidy to local gov...
Drinking Water: Consumers Often Not Well-informed of Potentially Serious Violations
RCED-92-135: Published: Jun 25, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the quality and safety of the public drinking water supply, focusing on: (1) public water systems' compliance with and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state enforcement of the Safe Drinking Water Act's requirements for notification of public drinking water safety violations; and (2) the requirements' effectiveness in ensuri...