Hazardous substances (81 - 90 of 110 items)
Hazardous Waste: EPA Cleanup Requirements--DOD Versus Private Entities
NSIAD-89-144: Published: Jul 28, 1989. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether the overlapping requirements of two environmental laws caused the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to have higher cleanup standards for Department of Defense (DOD) installations with hazardous waste sites than for private sites.GAO found that: (1) DOD installations with both active and inactive hazardous waste sites could be subject to...
Adequacy of Preparation and Response Related to Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
T-RCED-89-59: Published: Aug 10, 1989. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1989.
GAO discussed the oil industry's and federal government's response to a large oil spill in Alaska. GAO found that: (1) an inadequate initial response to the spill resulted from equipment and personnel shortages, inadequate communications, and an ineffective organizational structure; (2) the pipeline terminal operator only assembled equipment and personnel for the most likely accident, which was fa...
Nonhazardous Waste: State Management of Municipal Landfills and Landfill Expansions
RCED-89-165BR: Published: Jun 29, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information about municipal landfills in the 50 states, focusing on the number of: (1) landfills included on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Priorities List (NPL) of hazardous waste sites posing serious health and environmental threats and the number of NPL landfills that sought state approval to expand operations; (2) landfill...
Hazardous Materials: Federal Training for First Responders to Highway and Railroad Incidents
RCED-89-146FS: Published: May 26, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal provision of training to state and local personnel who first respond to highway and rail accidents involving hazardous materials.GAO found that five federal agencies offered diverse approaches to meet the high demand for training of state and local first responders, with: (1) individual agencies' fiscal year (FY) 1988 trainin...
Superfund: Missed Statutory Deadlines Slow Progress in Environmental Programs
RCED-89-27: Published: Nov 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed compliance with deadlines in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), specifically to: (1) catalog the SARA deadlines from the date of enactment through December 31, 1991; and (2) determine compliance with deadlines through March 31, 1989.GAO found that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for 78 of...
Water Pollution: More EPA Action Needed to Improve the Quality of Heavily Polluted Waters
RCED-89-38: Published: Jan 6, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Region X to determine: (1) how well EPA and the states implemented Clean Water Act requirements to clean up rivers that did not meet water quality standards after construction of treatment plants; and (2) what actions EPA and Oregon took to set stricter pollution limits on the Tualatin and South Umpqua...
Nuclear Waste: Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of March 31, 1988
RCED-88-163BR: Published: May 19, 1988. Publicly Released: May 19, 1988.
GAO provided its quarterly status report on the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of its Nuclear Waste Program for the quarter ended March 31, 1988.GAO found that: (1) DOE issued a draft site characterization plan for the Yucca Mountain site to the state of Nevada and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC); (2) NRC raised objections concerning alternative conceptual modeling of the site...
Fighting Groundwater Contamination: State Activities to Date and the Need for More Information From EPA
T-PEMD-88-7: Published: May 17, 1988. Publicly Released: May 17, 1988.
GAO discussed states' efforts to protect groundwater resources and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to help states establish technical standards for groundwater protection. GAO questioned 50 states and 7 territories and found that: (1) most states indicated that underground storage tanks were a significant source of water contamination; (2) 22 of 57 respondents had groundwater p...
Hazardous Waste: Problems and Cleanup Efforts at an FAA Facility in Oklahoma City
RCED-88-113FS: Published: Mar 3, 1988. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) nature and extent of hazardous waste problems at the Federal Aviation Administration's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center; and (2) actions the Center took to clean up contamination.GAO found that: (1) state and local regulatory agencies cited the Center several times between 1984 and 1987 for various hazardous waste violat...
Groundwater Standards: States Need More Information From EPA
PEMD-88-6: Published: Mar 16, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO described: (1) information in Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) documents about groundwater contaminants that is available to states for setting groundwater standards; and (2) existing drinking water standards.GAO found that: (1) 41 of the 57 states and territories set their own numerical or narrative standards for groundwater contaminants, since the...