state relations (351 - 400 of 446 items)
Vehicle Emissions: EPA Response to Questions on Its Inspection and Maintenance Program
RCED-86-129BR: Published: May 2, 1986. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated and commented on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) responses to congressional questions on its vehicle emissions inspection and maintenance (I/M) program, to: (1) determine whether the responses adequately addressed the 58 specific questions raised; and (2) test, to the extent possible, the adequacy and reasonableness of the responses.GA...
Air Pollution: Sulfur Dioxide Emissions From Nonferrous Smelters Have Been Reduced
RCED-86-91: Published: Apr 29, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and states' implementation of the Clean Air Act's provisions concerning copper, zinc, and lead smelters' sulphur dioxide emissions, including: (1) EPA measures to determine smelter compliance with the act and actions it took to enforce such compliance; and (2) factors EPA considered in exempting smelters...
Nuclear Waste: Monitored Retrievable Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel
RCED-86-104FS: Published: May 8, 1986. Publicly Released: May 15, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) program for monitored retrievable storage (MRS) of spent nuclear fuel, including: (1) the purpose of the MRS program; (2) Tennessee's role in the development of the DOE MRS proposal and its role in future MRS activities; (3) the potential benefits and disadvantages of the MRS program; (4) the impact o...
Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of March 31, 1986
RCED-86-154FS: Published: Apr 30, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1986.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO provided its quarterly status report on the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of its nuclear waste program.GAO found that, during the quarter: (1) the National Academy of Sciences completed its independent review of the methodology DOE used to evaluate and rank first-repository sites and concluded that the methodology was satisfactory and appropria...
Mineral Revenues: Delays in Processing and Disbursing Onshore Oil and Gas Bid Revenues
RCED-86-69: Published: Mar 24, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 1986.
GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's procedures for: (1) depositing and processing bid revenues from offshore and onshore competitive oil and gas lease sales; and (2) disbursing onshore bid revenues to the states.GAO found that Interior's procedures and guidelines for depositing and processing offshore bid revenues were adequate, but the procedures for depositing, processing, and disbursi...
Nuclear Waste: Department of Energy's Program for Financial Assistance
RCED-86-4: Published: Apr 1, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 1986.
GAO evaluated the Department of Energy's (DOE) program to provide grants under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, focusing on: (1) DOE decisions on who received grants and for what activities; (2) the level of assistance provided; and (3) DOE grant administration and oversight.The act provides that state and public participation in the nuclear waste repository program is essential to promote pu...
Hazardous Waste: Environmental Safeguards Jeopardized When Facilities Cease Operating
RCED-86-77: Published: Feb 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which: (1) owners and operators of hazardous waste facilities have declared bankruptcy and thereby avoided paying closure and post-closure costs for their facilities; (2) financial assistance requirements ensure that sufficient funds will be available to close and provide post-closure care at such facilities; (3) facilities that cea...
Resource Management: Information on the Coastal Zone Management Program
RCED-86-89FS: Published: Feb 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Coastal Zone Management Program, focusing on: (1) federal program objectives; (2) the status of state programs; (3) the results of previous program studies; (4) program benefits cited by state officials; and (5) concerns raised by federal and state program officials.GAO fou...
Resource Protection: Mississippi Valley Canada Geese: Flyway Management Obstacles
RCED-86-31: Published: Feb 5, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1986.
In response to congressional requests, GAO reviewed the Fish and Wildlife Service's (FWS) hunting regulations and cooperative management program for the Mississippi Valley Population of Canada geese (MVP), specifically the: (1) level of cooperation between the states in the Mississippi Flyway Council and FWS; (2) progress made in reaching the program's goal to increase MVP size; and (3) concern th...
Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of December 31, 1985
RCED-86-86: Published: Jan 31, 1986. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided its annual report on the status of the Nuclear Waste Fund and the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. Under the act, the DOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for: (1) conducting detailed site characterization studies at potential nuclear waste repository sites; (2) desig...
Cultural Resources: Results of Questionnaire on Federal Agency Historic Preservation Activities
RCED-86-45FS: Published: Dec 10, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized responses to a questionnaire about historic preservation activities that was sent to various federal agencies.GAO found that many agencies believe that: (1) a fairer balance needs to be struck between compliance with historic preservation requirements and agency mission objectives; and (2) historic preservation requirements and procedures are mor...
Cultural Resources: Results of Questionnaire on State Historic Preservation Activities
RCED-86-60FS: Published: Dec 10, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized responses to a questionnaire about historic preservation activities that was sent to various state historic preservation offices.GAO found that: (1) most states believed that they had received adequate guidance and assistance from the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation and about half of the states that responded to the questionnaire believ...
Outer Continental Shelf Lease Sale 82--Sale Preparation and Subsequent Cancellation
RCED-86-30: Published: Oct 15, 1985. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the recent Outer Continental Shelf lease sale number 82 which was cancelled when no industry bids were received and discussed why: (1) the companies that expressed interest in the offshore sale areas did not bid on the tracts offered; and (2) the Department of the Interior offered to lease certain tracts that Massachusetts believed were environment...
Nuclear Waste: Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of September 30, 1985
RCED-86-42: Published: Oct 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reported on: (1) the status of the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; (2) its progress in meeting legislated deadlines; (3) the status of the Nuclear Waste Fund; and (4) management initiatives and federal relations with states and Indian tribes.The act: (1) established a program to develop and construct nucl...
Assessment of EPA's Hazardous Waste Enforcement Strategy
RCED-85-166: Published: Sep 5, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed and summarized the information obtained through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement Strategy. Congress provided EPA with funds to develop a compliance monitoring and enforcement policy, and a schedule to ensure 90-percent compliance with these requirements...
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act: 1984 Implementation Status, Progress, and Problems
RCED-85-100: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1985.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) progress in implementing the act, focusing on: (1) the DOE approach to selecting a waste disposal site; (2) DOE negotiations with states and Indian tribes for consultation and cooperation agreements; and (3) DOE planning for monitored retrievable spent fuel storage (MRS).GAO found th...
EPA-Approved Revisions to State Implementation Plans Allowing Increased Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Were Legal
RCED-85-129: Published: Aug 16, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) approval of state actions to allow increased levels of sulfur dioxide emissions; (2) the impact of such revisions on future economic growth; and (3) the legal basis for these increases.GAO found that, from 1981 to 1983, EPA approved 114 revisions to state implementation plans involving sulfur diox...
DOE Policies in Connection With Construction and Operation of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant at Carlsbad, New Mexico
B-192999: Published: Sep 7, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 1985.
Concern was expressed about certain Department of Energy (DOE) policies in connection with construction and operation of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE has stated publicly that it will terminate federal activities at any stage of construction or operation in the absence of concurrence by the State of New Mexico. On two previous occasions, GAO considered the legality of DOE policy to permit t...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
Department of Energy Implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
126343: Mar 5, 1985
GAO discussed its recently issued reports on Department of Energy (DOE) efforts to implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. In those reports, GAO noted that DOE has made significant progress toward implementing major legislative requirements. However, although DOE is required to make a formal recommendation as to the proposed site for the first nuclear waste repository by January 1, 1985, it does n...
Status of the Department of Energy's Implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 as of December 31, 1984
RCED-85-65: Published: Jan 31, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act for the quarter ending December 31, 1984. The report discussed DOE progress in meeting legislative deadlines, the status of the Nuclear Waste Fund, program management, information system development, and federal relations with the states and tribes.GAO found that...
Federal and State Efforts To Protect Ground Water
RCED-84-80: Published: Feb 21, 1984. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal and state efforts to protect the nation's ground water supplies.About 50 percent of the nation's population depends on ground water for its drinking water supply. Ground water use has increased greatly in recent years and concern has grown regarding ground water contamination problems. GAO found that there is no comprehensive national datab...
Status of the General Accounting Office Reviews Concerning EPA's Superfund Activities
123544: Mar 1, 1984
Testimony was given concerning GAO reviews of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program which focused on: (1) state experiences with waste-end taxes and some of the implementation problems that might be encountered if there were a similar federal tax; (2) the EPA estimate of the cost to clean up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites; (3) the success of the Superfund removal...
Department of the Interior's Policy of Transferring Management of Fish Hatcheries to the States
B-114841: Published: Oct 11, 1978. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1984.
No summary is currently available...
Establishment of Nuclear Waste Repositories
B-164105: Published: Jun 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1984.
No summary is currently available...
Problem Areas Identified in the Land and Water Conservation Fund Grant Program to the States for Outdoor Recreation Purposes
088993: Aug 4, 1977
No summary is currently available...
Questions Concerning the Environmental Protection Agency's Construction Grants Program
CED-8-488: Published: Aug 24, 1978. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1983.
No summary is currently available...
The Oregon Production Index: A Sound Fishery Management Tool That Can Be Improved
RCED-83-185: Published: Aug 15, 1983. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Oregon Production Index (OPI), a method of predicting the size of the coho salmon population in a specified area, and assessed the validity of establishing fishing seasons and quotas based on the OPI.In 1977, because of numerous reasons such as overfishing, degradation of the coho's environment, and environmental fluctuations, the coho salmo...
Better Coordination Is Needed Between Pesticide Misuse Enforcement Programs and Programs for Certifying and Training Individuals To Apply Pesticides
RCED-83-169: Published: Jul 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1983.
GAO reviewed programs in Illinois and Minnesota under the Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training Program to determine whether they are addressing major pesticide misuse problems.GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Illinois, and Minnesota have not linked the certification and training and enforcement programs to deter and reduce pesticide misuse. The review of program...
EPA and State Progress in Enforcing the National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations
121653: Jun 15, 1983
Testimony was given concerning a GAO report which discussed how well the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states have implemented provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act. GAO work indicated that compliance with these regulations was the exception rather than the rule. Almost all of the violations were incurred because required tests were not made rather than because water did not me...
Water Conservation: An Update of Federal Activity
RCED-83-113: Published: Apr 22, 1983. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1983.
GAO reviewed recent Federal Government water conservation activities and provided an update of actions taken in response to the 1978 Presidential initiatives which gave water conservation national priority.Based on published reports, GAO noted that: (1) water supplies are becoming scarce because of increased use of ground and surface water; (2) the problems exist nationwide; and (3) serious proble...
Potential Impacts of Reducing EPA's Budget
RCED-83-75: Published: Dec 30, 1982. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the possible impact of fiscal year (FY) 1982 and proposed FY 1983 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) budgets on the air and hazardous waste programs in 15 states and 3 localities, the implications of the eventual phaseout of state grant assistance, the evolving federal/state partnership, and the effects of budget reductions on EPA personnel a...
International Oil Pollution: Liability and Compensation Arrangements Affecting the United States
ID-83-19: Published: Feb 3, 1983. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 1983.
GAO conducted a study to: provide pertinent background about the incidence and impact of ocean oil spills; describe the current liability and compensation regimes; identify the principal perceived defects of the present arrangements; and discuss alternatives that have been proposed.GAO found that a patchwork of international, national, and state arrangements currently governs ocean oil spill clean...
Information on Three Hazardous and Solid Waste Disposal Sites in Maryland
RCED-83-91: Published: Jan 14, 1983. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1983.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined three hazardous and solid waste disposal sites in Maryland to determine how the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is progressing.Congress enacted the conservation legislation to regulate the management of hazardous waste and improve waste disposal practices. The act provides that, a...
Opportunity To Improve the Corps of Engineers' Small Projects Programs
121109: Jan 12, 1983
GAO reviewed the Corps of Engineers' Small Projects Programs to determine how frequently such projects lead to solutions of water problems.GAO found that relatively few projects undertaken by the Corps since 1964 through these programs have resulted in projects to solve water problems because local communities did not support the solution. The Corps is spending time and money under the six Small P...
[Views on EPA Implementation of Clean Air Act]
B-208593: Published: Dec 30, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1982.
GAO was asked to comment on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) statement that it intends to be appropriately flexible in reviewing State Implementation Plan revisions of the Clean Air Act. GAO concluded that current EPA enforcement policies appear to be at odds with its published policies and, in some instances, with the act itself. GAO stated that it is important for Congress to: (1) cla...
Sharing the Cost of Making Federal Water Project Feasibility Studies
RCED-83-18: Published: Dec 6, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 1982.
GAO discussed feasibility studies undertaken by the Federal government to resolve water resources problems and the factors affecting the study outcome. The purpose of the review was to determine how frequently studies did not identify acceptable solutions and why.GAO estimated that, during the past 17 years, Federal agencies have spent about $100 million on water project feasibility studies. In it...
Problems in Air Quality Monitoring System Affect Data Reliability
CED-82-101: Published: Sep 22, 1982. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 1982.
The Clean Air Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish a nationwide air quality monitoring network, and each year EPA makes decisions, based on the data received from this network, which have significant impacts on the health and economic well-being of the nation's citizens. Accurate and reliable air quality data are essential in formulating many of these decisions, eval...
Improved Planning Needed by Corps of Engineers To Resolve Environmental, Technical and Financial Issues on the Lake Pontchartrain Hurricane Protection Project
MASAD-82-39: Published: Aug 17, 1982. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1982.
GAO reviewed the status of the Army Corps of Engineers' Lake Pontchartrain Hurricane Protection Project which is intended to provide hurricane protection to the Greater New Orleans metropolitan area. Because of environmental and other issues, the Project, which was to be completed in 1978, is only half finished.GAO found that the Corps is considering changing its original plan of barrier structure...
Interior Should Help States Assess Mineral Tax Programs
EMD-82-48: Published: Jun 16, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1982.
An earlier GAO report assessed the impact of Federal and State taxes on the domestic minerals industry and found that their tax actions can have a significant effect on the production as well as the profitability of the domestic minerals industry. It was concluded that institutional means should be considered for better harmonizing Federal and State tax policy with national mineral production obje...
Proposed Colorado and Utah Cooperative Agreements Should Be Modified To Reduce State/Federal Duplication in Mine Plan Review
EMD-82-87: Published: May 27, 1982. Publicly Released: May 27, 1982.
GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's environmental analyses of coal mine plans.The Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) has been making a commendable effort to streamline regulations governing mine-plan reviews as well as other aspects of coal mining. GAO believes that further potential exists with respect to the proposed Colorado and Utah cooperative agre...
Information on the Environmental Protection Agency's Enforcement Activities
CED-82-62: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: May 3, 1982.
In response to congressional concern, GAO provided information pertaining to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous waste enforcement activities. This information reviewed: (1) the change in EPA enforcement policy under the current Administration; (2) potential enforcement organizational problems; (3) problems in issuing enforcement guidance and policies to the regions; and (4) the elimin...
National Park Service Should Negotiate With States To Achieve Concurrent Jurisdiction
117499: Feb 5, 1982
The General Authorities Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to negotiate with States for concurrent jurisdiction in the National Park System. Interior, while commenting on proposed amendments to the General Authorities Act in April 1976, stated that it would be beneficial to relinquish to the States the Federal legislative jurisdiction relative to some areas of the National Park System. I...
How Much Are Agencies Doing for Archeological Preservation
117327: Jan 21, 1982
In a recent report, GAO concluded that the national archeology program was not working well. GAO stated that the Department of the Interior must provide better leadership and direction to Federal agencies and States. Without better guidance, some Federal agencies could spend billions of dollars over the next 10 to 30 years for archeological surveys, many of which may not be necessary, while other...
Information On California Delta Water Quality Standards
CED-82-30: Published: Jan 18, 1982. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 1982.
GAO was asked: (1) how much Central Valley Project (CVP) water would be used as a result of a decision to voluntarily meet California water quality standards, if the decision is permanently implemented; (2) who the potential beneficiaries from using CVP yield to ensure California Delta water quality would be; (3) who would pay for the depletion of CVP yield; and (4) how much the depletion would co...
Stronger Enforcement Needed Against Misuse of Pesticides
CED-82-5: Published: Oct 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1981.
GAO reviewed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pesticide programs to enforce pesticide laws and suggested ways to improve program activities. GAO also reviewed special pesticide registrations to determine if some of the problems identified in an earlier GAO report had been corrected.Although improvements have been made in recent years, GAO found that the public may not always be prot...
Gains and Shortcomings in Resolving Regulatory Conflicts and Overlaps
PAD-81-76: Published: Jun 23, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1981.
In response to growing concern in Congress and in the business community, GAO examined the nature, extent, and causes of conflicting and overlapping regulatory requirements. GAO met with various Federal officials, reviewed pertinent documents, and asked 50 large companies to provide it with specific examples of conflict and overlap.About half of the responding companies said that regulatory confli...
Assessing the Impact of Federal and State Taxes on the Domestic Minerals Industry
EMD-81-13: Published: Jun 8, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 1981.
A quantitative assessment was made of one quantitative method for assessing the effects of Federal and State taxes on the profitability of domestic mines and mineral deposits and the attendant implications for domestic mineral production. On the Federal level, GAO analyzed the depletion allowance, the investment tax credit, and the provision for expensive exploration and development costs. Propert...
River Basin Commissions Have Been Helpful, but Changes Are Needed
CED-81-69: Published: May 28, 1981. Publicly Released: May 28, 1981.
River basin planning should match the needs of water users with the amount of water available irrespective of State boundaries or Federal agency responsibilities. A review was made to determine how successful river basin commissions have been in meeting their legislative objectives of planning and coordinating water resource development.The river basin commissions, as they are now operating, do no...
Billions Could Be Saved Through Waivers for Coastal Wastewater Treatment Plants
CED-81-68: Published: May 22, 1981. Publicly Released: May 22, 1981.
The Clean Water Act of 1977 allows the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to grant waivers to publicly owned wastewater treatment facilities so that thay can discharge primary treated municipal waste into the marine environment when it can be shown that costly secondary treatment is not necessary. Many communities have been discouraged from applying for secondary treatment waivers because of le...