Wildlife (1 - 10 of 197 items) in Custom Date Range
Environmental Litigation: Information on Endangered Species Act Deadline Suits
GAO-17-304: Published: Feb 28, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2017.
GAO found that plaintiffs filed 141 deadline suits against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) for allegedly failing to take actions within statutory deadlines under Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) during fiscal years 2005 through 2015 (see figure). Section 4 contains mandatory deadlines for such actions as making findings on petition...
Endangered Species Act: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's American Burying Beetle Conservation Efforts
GAO-17-154: Published: Dec 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2017.
To address the potential adverse impacts of construction and other projects on the American burying beetle (ABB) and its habitat, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), within the Department of the Interior, first focuses on avoidance and minimization approaches. For example, to avoid impacts on ABB habitat, FWS may suggest that project proponents—public and private entities—relocate the pr...
Combating Wildlife Trafficking: Agencies Are Taking a Range of Actions, but the Task Force Lacks Performance Targets for Assessing Progress
GAO-16-717: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
While criminal elements of all kinds, including some terrorist entities and rogue security personnel, engage in poaching and transporting ivory and rhino horn across Africa, transnational organized criminals are the driving force behind wildlife trafficking, according to reports GAO reviewed and agency officials GAO spoke with in the United States and Africa. Wildlife trafficking can contribute to...
Midway Atoll: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Faces Many Competing Priorities
GAO-16-382: Published: Jun 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2016.
According to officials in the Department of the Interior's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), operations funding for Midway Atoll (Midway) has decreased in recent years and project-specific funding has varied. Specifically, budget officials said that FWS, after increasing the funding allocated to Midway's operations to more than $4 million by fiscal year 2011, decreased Midway's allocation by m...
Drinking Water: EPA Needs to Collect Information and Consistently Conduct Activities to Protect Underground Sources of Drinking Water
GAO-16-281: Published: Feb 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2016.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not collected specific inspection and complete or consistent enforcement information, or consistently conducted oversight activities, to assess whether state and EPA-managed Underground Injection Control (UIC) class II programs are protecting underground sources of drinking water. EPA guidance calls for states and EPA regions to report certain informat...
Aquatic Invasive Species: Additional Steps Could Help Measure Federal Progress in Achieving Strategic Goals
GAO-16-49: Published: Nov 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2015.
The 13 federal member agencies of the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force (Task Force) estimated expending an average of about $260 million annually for fiscal years 2012 through 2014 to address aquatic invasive species. However, several member agencies identified in their questionnaire responses challenges in developing their estimates. For example, some member agencies reported that their activi...
Highlights of a Forum: Preparing for Climate-Related Risks: Lessons from the Private Sector
GAO-16-126SP: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
What Participants SaidDuring the GAO-sponsored forum, participants discussed the following topics:Businesses’ Climate-Related Risks, Actions to Identify and Manage Them, and Justification of Resilience Efforts Forum participants representing businesses across a variety of industries described climate-related risks to their operations, infrastructure, and supply chains. Participants also discusse...
Environmental Litigation: Information on Cases against EPA and FWS and on Deadline Suits on EPA Rulemaking
GAO-15-803T: Published: Aug 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 2015.
As GAO reported in August 2011, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) faces legal challenges implementing the nation's key environmental laws. The number of environmental litigation cases brought against EPA each year for fiscal years 1995 through 2010 varied with no discernible trend. Data available from the Department of Justice, the Department of the Treasury, and EPA show that the costs as...
Bureau of Reclamation: Financial Information for Three California Water Programs
GAO-15-468R: Published: Jun 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2015.
The Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) data indicated that the agency expended over $1.9 billion on activities under the Central Valley Project Improvement Act (CVPIA), Calfed Bay-Delta Authorization Act (Calfed Bay-Delta), and the San Joaquin River Restoration Settlement Act (San Joaquin) for fiscal years 1993 through 2014. Reclamation received funding from a varie...
Missouri River Flood and Drought: Experts Agree the Corps Took Appropriate Action, Given the Circumstances, but Should Examine New Forecasting Techniques
GAO-14-741: Published: Sep 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2014.
Experts who participated in a GAO-sponsored meeting agreed that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) made appropriate release decisions during the 2011 flood and 2012 and 2013 drought affecting the Missouri River basin, given the severity of these events. These experts acknowledged that the flood was primarily due to extreme rain in eastern Montana in May and June 2011. The experts agreed that...