Waste management (101 - 118 of 118 items)
Taxing Hazardous Waste: Economics, Design, and Implementation
126471: Jan 1, 1985
This article, which appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Winter 1985, describes the financial management of the Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. The taxing authority of the fund will end on September 30, 1985, and Congress is considering reauthorization of the program and is discussing the implementation of a waste-end tax to create an economic incentive to reduce the...
Hazardous Waste Management at Tinker Air Force Base
125843: Dec 13, 1984
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its review of hazardous waste management at an Air Force base in Oklahoma concerning the following areas: (1) reducing hazardous waste generation through treatment and recycling; (2) problems associated with the full and effective utilization of an industrial waste treatment plant; and (3) improvements which are needed in the monitoring and contro...
Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at New Jersey and Tennessee Hazardous Waste Facilities
RCED-84-7: Published: Jun 22, 1984. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed activities associated with the federal hazardous waste regulatory program and compliance under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. This report discusses how the program is being carried out in Tennessee and New Jersey and updates a prior report by identifying corrective actions the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has taken.GAO note...
Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation With Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities
RCED-83-168: Published: Jun 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO determined the correlation between the location of hazardous waste landfills and the racial and economic status of the surrounding communities in eight southeastern states. GAO also provided information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) site location standards and permitting procedures.GAO found that blacks make up the majority of the population i...
EPA's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
118136: Apr 20, 1982
Comments were presented on the results of a prior review of the Superfund Program which is designed to finance and clean up uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. The fund is to be used by the federal government, primarily by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or a state government to clean up spilled toxic wastes and hazardous waste sites where the responsible party does not take appropriate...
Information on a Hazardous Waste Facility Containing Chromium Lead Sludge
CED-82-13: Published: Nov 9, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO investigated a hazardous waste facility at which chromium lead sludge was being deposited in a wetland area as part of a hazardous waste disposal operation.The facility, which has been landfilling chromium lead sludge for 11 years, is located in a marshy area with an underground clay layer. This layer provides for the lateral flow of water or leachate from...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Hazardous Waste Disposal: A Staggering Problem
116152: Jan 1, 1981
This article appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 16, Issue 3, Summer 1981. A serious and potentially deadly problem is the growing volume of solid hazardous waste society produces. Less than 10 percent of the hazardous waste volume is disposed of in an environmentally safe manner. No part of the country is immune from the problem. Land disposal has been the predominant disposal method, but it present...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Industrial Wastes: An Unexplored Source of Valuable Minerals
EMD-80-45: Published: May 15, 1980. Publicly Released: May 15, 1980.
Industrial wastes often contain valuable metals, and are often disposed of in ways that preclude the future recovery of mineral values. While Congress passed the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 to improve the recovery of usable materials from waste, the executive branch has done little to enhance mineral recovery, especially from industrial wastes. GAO reviewed this situation to det...
Conversion of Urban Waste to Energy
109910: Jul 17, 1979
The use of urban waste-to-energy systems in the United States is not widespread due largely to institutional or economic barriers. In Western Europe conversion of waste to energy is a well established technique and over 180 plants are operational. The United States has about 20 plants operational, 10 under construction, 30 in the planning phase, and 71 in preliminary study stages. If these 131 pro...
The Nation's Nuclear Waste--Proposals for Organization and Siting
EMD-79-77: Published: Jun 21, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1979.
Over the last 30 years, the Federal Government has generated vast quantities of highly radioactive contaminated waste. Spent fuel from commercial reactors has also accumulated. Both are characterized by high levels of radiation and a long toxic life. The Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Department of Energy (DOE) have major responsibilities for managing a...
Codisposal of Garbage and Sewage Sludge--A Promising Solution to Two Problems
CED-79-59: Published: May 16, 1979. Publicly Released: May 16, 1979.
The process of using thermal techniques in the codisposal of sewage sludge and municipal garbage was examined in order to determine why the implementation of codisposal has been limited. Codisposal is the integrated processing of garbage and sewage sludge through burning in which garbage is used as a fuel in sludge drying. The volume of both wastes requiring ultimate disposal is greatly reduced. T...
Hazardous Waste Management Programs Will Not Be Effective: Greater Efforts Are Needed
CED-79-14: Published: Jan 23, 1979. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1979.
The United States has numerous hazardous waste sources scattered throughout the Nation, producing 56 million tons annually. These include industrial wastes, agricultural chemical residues, and chemical or pathological wastes from hospitals and laboratories. They occur as solids, liquids, powders, and sludges, and represent a prodigious disposal problem. GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Ag...
How To Dispose of Hazardous Waste--A Serious Question That Needs To Be Resolved
CED-79-13: Published: Dec 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1978.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 was enacted to regulate management of hazardous wastes which pose a threat to human health and the environment. The development of environmentally sound treatment and disposal facilities is essential to this purpose. Adequate capacity is not available to handle the increasing volumes of waste being generated, and public opposition is seriously hin...
Sewage Sludge: How Do We Cope With It?
CED-78-152: Published: Sep 25, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1978.
About 5 million tons of sludge are produced each year and the amount is increasing at a rapid rate. Sludge disposal options are limited. Federal and state environmental regulations have restricted such options as landfill and incineration and ocean dumping is being phased out because of dangers to human and marine life.The nutrient content of sludge could make it valuable as a fertilizer and it al...
Improving Military Solid Waste Management: Economic and Environmental Benefits
LCD-76-345: Published: Jun 2, 1977. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1977.
The Department of Defense (DOD) can save money and protect the environment by improving its solid waste management.DOD and other Federal agencies are responsible for the annual disposal of 32 million tons of solid waste. Low priority has been given solid waste management, and the absence of DOD deadlines for complying with the Environmental Protection Agency's guidelines contribute to the problem...