Waste management (51 - 60 of 118 items)
Superfund: Risk Assessment Process and Issues
T-RCED-93-74: Published: Sep 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1993.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) risk assessment process for Superfund hazardous waste sites, focusing on: (1) human health risks posed by Superfund sites; and (2) the assumptions and calculations used in risk assessments. GAO noted that: (1) EPA Superfund risk assessment is a 3-step process that evaluates exposure and toxicity risks, and estimates potential health risks;...
Superfund: EPA Could Do More to Reduce Responsible Parties' Legal Expenses
T-RCED-93-73: Published: Sep 28, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1993.
GAO discussed possible ways to reduce the costs of resolving liability for hazardous waste cleanup in the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program, focusing on EPA use of: (1) de minimis settlements for parties that contribute comparatively small amounts of low-toxicity waste; (2) nonbinding allocations of responsibility (NBAR) for clean-up costs; (3) mixed-funding agreements betw...
Federal Hazardous Waste Facilities
RCED-93-201R: Published: Sep 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal facilities that are potentially contaminated with hazardous waste, focusing on whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has taken actions to meet mandatory assessment deadlines. GAO found that: (1) as of April 1988, only 395 of the 823 federal facilities on the National Priorities List (NPL) had been assessed; (2) as...
Superfund: Cleanups Nearing Completion Indicate Future Challenges
RCED-93-188: Published: Sep 1, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) completed Superfund hazardous waste cleanup actions, focusing on the: (1) type and extent of actions taken at those sites; and (2) challenges EPA will face in managing and monitoring these sites.GAO found that: (1) significant amounts of hazardous wastes have been removed or controlled at 149 EPA Superfun...
Superfund: Backlog of Unevaluated Federal Facilities Slows Cleanup Efforts
RCED-93-119: Published: Jul 20, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and other federal agencies' progress in assessing and evaluating federal facilities with potential hazardous waste contamination.GAO found that: (1) as of December 1992, EPA had evaluated 500 of the 823 potentially contaminated facilities on the docket; (2) the backlog of unevaluated federal facilities co...
Superfund: Little Use Made of Techniques to Reduce Legal Expenses
T-RCED-93-60: Published: Jun 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 1993.
GAO discussed possible ways to reduce the costs of negotiating settlements or litigating liability for cleaning up hazardous waste sites in the Superfund program. GAO noted that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made little use of settlement tools; (2) EPA has not made an effort to encourage regional offices to use settlement tools or determined what resources regions need to impl...
Superfund: Current Progress and Issues Needing Further Attention
T-RCED-92-56: Published: Jun 11, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 1992.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program. GAO noted that: (1) the cost and scope of Superfund have greatly exceeded initial projections of $1.6 billion for the cleanup of 406 hazardous waste sites in 1980 to $40 billion for 1,275 sites, with a projected increase of 700 sites needing attention by 2000; (2) the program has taken more than 2,800 emergency actions, s...
Hazardous Waste: Impediments Have Delayed the Closing and Cleanup of Land Disposal Facilities
T-RCED-92-64: Published: May 28, 1992. Publicly Released: May 28, 1992.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA): (1) progress in closing and issuing post-closure permits to hazardous waste disposal facilities; (2) inspection and enforcement efforts for ensuring compliance with closure and post-closure requirements; and (3) impediments delaying closure and issuance of permits. GAO noted that: (1) since fiscal year (FY) 1987, EPA has made little progre...
Solid Waste: Progress in Implementing the Federal Program to Buy Products Containing Recovered Materials
T-RCED-92-42: Published: Apr 3, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1992.
GAO discuss the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program, focusing on: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in developing procurement guidelines for products containing recovered materials; (2) overall federal progress in implementing the procurement program; and (3) the Department of Commerce's role in encouraging the commercialization of resource recovery technol...
Hazardous Waste: Management of Maquiladoras' Waste Hampered by Lack of Information
RCED-92-102: Published: Feb 27, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared U.S. and Mexican hazardous waste laws and regulations, resources, and enforcement practices, to determine how the generation and disposal of hazardous wastes from maquiladoras, companies that use materials imported into Mexico to produce finished goods for export, is being managed.GAO found that: (1) although U.S. and Mexican laws and regulations p...