Pollution control (101 - 127 of 127 items)
Hazardous Waste: Tinker Air Force Base Is Making Progress in Cleaning Up Abandoned Sites
NSIAD-87-164BR: Published: Jul 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) efforts to dispose of hazardous waste at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB).GAO found that, in 1985, Tinker AFB: (1) created the Installation Program Technical Review Committee to resolve problems in a more timely and effective manner; (2) established an environmental action group to increase its responsiveness to hazardo...
Hazardous Waste: Abandoned Disposal Sites May Be Affecting Guam's Water Supply
NSIAD-87-88BR: Published: May 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Department of Defense (DOD) efforts to identify and clean up abandoned hazardous waste disposal sites on a Navy and an Air Force installation in Guam.GAO found that DOD: (1) initiated its Installation Restoration Program (IRP) to identify suspected problems with closed disposal sites and to control the migration of hazardous contamination from t...
Hazardous Waste: Uncertainties of Existing Data
PEMD-87-11BR: Published: Feb 18, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO addressed the issue of whether future treatment, storage, and disposal capacities will be quantitatively adequate to manage the volume of hazardous wastes being generated.GAO found that, after reviewing approximately 90 studies and documents, there were significant data gaps, methodological problems, and other issues that precluded it from: (1) relying u...
Hazardous Waste: Enforcement of Certification Requirements for Land Disposal Facilities
RCED-87-60BR: Published: Jan 27, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) enforcement of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's certification requirements for owners of hazardous waste land disposal facilities operating under interim status.GAO found that EPA: (1) targeted facilities for priority inspection or review on the basis of indications that the facilities mig...
Hazardous Waste: EPA's Superfund Program Improvements Result in Fewer Stopgap Cleanups
RCED-86-204: Published: Aug 15, 1986. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the number and cost of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) repeat cleanup actions at priority sites; (2) whether EPA is performing more thorough cleanups at priority hazardous waste sites; and (3) whether EPA has changed its removal operating policies and procedures since February 1985.In February 1985, GAO recommended that EPA revise...
Hazardous Waste: Selected Aspects of Cleanup Plan for Rocky Mountain Arsenal
NSIAD-86-205BR: Published: Aug 29, 1986. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the cost and economic assumptions in the Army's June 1986 draft plan to accelerate the cleanup of an arsenal near Denver, Colorado.GAO found that the Army: (1) provided well-documented cost and economic assumptions for the types of cleanup activities considered; (2) used the Office of Management and Budget's inflation rate to proj...
Hazardous Waste: Environmental Safeguards Jeopardized When Facilities Cease Operating
RCED-86-77: Published: Feb 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which: (1) owners and operators of hazardous waste facilities have declared bankruptcy and thereby avoided paying closure and post-closure costs for their facilities; (2) financial assistance requirements ensure that sufficient funds will be available to close and provide post-closure care at such facilities; (3) facilities that cea...
Hazardous Waste Management at Tinker Air Force Base--Problems Noted, Improvements Needed
NSIAD-85-91: Published: Jul 19, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste management practices at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma.GAO found that: (1) the base has been selling, transferring, or disposing of hazardous wastes rather than recycling them, as required by Department of Defense (DOD) waste management policies; (2) an industrial waste treatment plant at the base was not being used to full c...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
Status of EPA's Remedial Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-86: Published: Mar 20, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in cleaning up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites during the first 4 years of the Superfund Program. The report focused on: (1) the extent to which EPA believes that the worst sites have been cleaned up under its remedial program; and (2) the status and funding of ongoing remedial act...
Efforts To Clean Up DOD-Owned Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites
NSIAD-85-41: Published: Apr 12, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Installation Restoration Program (IRP), which is a program to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act's requirements for cleanup of DOD hazardous waste sites.DOD has identified 473 military bases that require assessments to identify potentially hazardo...
Illegal Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Difficult To Detect or Deter
RCED-85-2: Published: Feb 22, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied issues related to illegal hazardous waste disposal to determine whether: (1) information regarding illegal disposal is available; (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states can identify hazardous waste generators and the types and quantities of waste that they produce; (3) the hazardous waste transportation manifest system effectively...
GAO Superfund Work
126524: Mar 26, 1985
GAO discussed its work in the area of hazardous waste disposal and issues to be considered during congressional debates on the reauthorization of the Superfund program. The testimony focused on the extent of the hazardous waste problem, the status of cleanup efforts, and the projected cost of cleaning up the nation's most hazardous waste sites. GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (E...
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
Status of Civilian Federal Agencies' Efforts To Address Hazardous Waste Problems on Their Lands
RCED-84-188: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined: (1) what actions have been taken by federal civilian agencies to comply with provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), which require them to identify federal sites which potentially contain hazardous wastes; and (2) the status of ongoing and planned agency actions to assess and correct haza...
EPA and State Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
122839: Nov 16, 1983
Testimony was presented concerning a GAO report on inspection, enforcement, and permitting activities at hazardous waste facilities. GAO found that many facilities are not complying with federal regulations requiring the owners and operators of certain hazardous waste facilities to institute ground water monitoring programs or document their eligibility to waive monitoring requirements. Two primar...
Interim Report on Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
RCED-83-241: Published: Sep 21, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1983.
GAO reviewed the federal regulatory program for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities, focusing on ground water monitoring, inspection and enforcement activities, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) permitting program for hazardous waste facilities. GAO performed this work in four states, all of which had primary inspection responsibility under interim authorization...
Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation With Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities
RCED-83-168: Published: Jun 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO determined the correlation between the location of hazardous waste landfills and the racial and economic status of the surrounding communities in eight southeastern states. GAO also provided information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) site location standards and permitting procedures.GAO found that blacks make up the majority of the population i...
Cleaning Up the Environment: Progress Achieved but Major Unresolved Issues Remain
CED-82-72: Published: Jul 21, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1982.
With respect to efforts to clean up the nation's air, water, and land, GAO conducted a review to determine: (1) the progress made toward meeting key environmental goals; (2) how specific cities have coped with these mandates; and (3) what unresolved issues face the nation in the future.Overall, there has been progress toward meeting established environmental goals. The air is significantly cleaner...
EPA's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
118136: Apr 20, 1982
Comments were presented on the results of a prior review of the Superfund Program which is designed to finance and clean up uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. The fund is to be used by the federal government, primarily by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or a state government to clean up spilled toxic wastes and hazardous waste sites where the responsible party does not take appropriate...
Information on a Hazardous Waste Facility Containing Chromium Lead Sludge
CED-82-13: Published: Nov 9, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO investigated a hazardous waste facility at which chromium lead sludge was being deposited in a wetland area as part of a hazardous waste disposal operation.The facility, which has been landfilling chromium lead sludge for 11 years, is located in a marshy area with an underground clay layer. This layer provides for the lateral flow of water or leachate from...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Solid Waste Disposal Practices: Open Dumps Not Identified; States Face Funding Problems
CED-81-131: Published: Jul 23, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1981.
GAO was requested to review the status of state solid waste management plans, the conduct of the open-dump inventory, and the impact of reduced funding on state solid waste activities.GAO found that over $47 million was awarded to states from October 1977 to March 1981 to develop state solid waste management plans and to conduct an open-dump inventory. However, plan development has been slow. No s...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
How To Dispose of Hazardous Waste--A Serious Question That Needs To Be Resolved
CED-79-13: Published: Dec 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1978.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 was enacted to regulate management of hazardous wastes which pose a threat to human health and the environment. The development of environmentally sound treatment and disposal facilities is essential to this purpose. Adequate capacity is not available to handle the increasing volumes of waste being generated, and public opposition is seriously hin...
Review of Two Wastewater Treatment Plant Projects
100230: Oct 29, 1976
A review of 28 wastewater treatment projects funded by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) raised questions concerning those at Lebanon, New Hampshire and the Blackstone Valley Sewer District, East Providence, Rhode Island.At Lebanon, a decision was made to dispose of treatment plant sludge by incineration rather than by available sanitary landfill. Conflicting reports were given of the basi...