Health hazards (41 - 48 of 48 items)
Hazardous Waste: Future Availability of and Need for Treatment Capacity Are Uncertain
RCED-88-95: Published: Apr 11, 1988. Publicly Released: May 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the barriers facing the development of treatment facilities as alternatives to land disposal of hazardous wastes.GAO found that: (1) companies were reluctant to build treatment facilities because the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not established treatment standards; (2) perceived local community opposition to hazardous...
Hazardous Waste: Federal Civil Agencies Slow to Comply With Regulatory Requirements
RCED-86-76: Published: May 6, 1986. Publicly Released: May 6, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reported on 17 federal civilian agencies' implementation of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) provisions, specifically whether: (1) agencies are identifying and reporting their hazardous waste handlers to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states; (2) EPA and the states are inspecting federal facilities to ensure that handlers are...
EPA Could Benefit From Comprehensive Management Information on Superfund Enforcement Actions
RCED-85-3: Published: Dec 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of management information available to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in carrying out its enforcement responsibilities under the Superfund program.GAO found that, while EPA headquarters and regional offices have individual management information systems for tracking Superfund enforcement actions, there is no such system that c...
Information on Three Hazardous and Solid Waste Disposal Sites in Maryland
RCED-83-91: Published: Jan 14, 1983. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1983.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined three hazardous and solid waste disposal sites in Maryland to determine how the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is progressing.Congress enacted the conservation legislation to regulate the management of hazardous waste and improve waste disposal practices. The act provides that, a...
EPA Slow in Controlling PCB's
CED-82-21: Published: Dec 30, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1981.
Various studies have associated the widely used polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) with a number of health problems. Industry has purchased over 1 billion pounds of PCB's for use in electric transformers and capacitors. Since PCB's have a potential for environmental harm, Congress passed a special provision under the Toxic Substances Control Act to control PCB's. With certain exceptions, the act pr...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Hazardous Waste Sites Pose Investigation, Evaluation, Scientific, and Legal Problems
CED-81-57: Published: Apr 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1981.
Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a mandate to: (1) discover, investigate, evaluate, and respond to uncontrolled hazardous waste sites; (2) perform hazardous waste research; and (3) seek solutions to hazardous waste problems and, if necessary, file suit in federal courts.EPA has had difficulty in fulfilling its mandate because: (1) site...
Waste Disposal Practices: A Threat to Health and the Nation's Water Supply
CED-78-120: Published: Jun 16, 1978. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1978.
Millions of tons of waste are generated annually and disposed of on land because this is usually the cheapest method of waste disposal. Land disposal sites are often located in areas considered to have little value for other uses.There has not been enough concern for soil or proximity to water resources in selecting land disposal sites. Leachate, a polluted liquid resulting when water comes in con...