Health hazards (31 - 40 of 48 items)
Hazardous Waste: Compliance With Groundwater Monitoring Requirements at Land Disposal Facilities
RCED-95-75BR: Published: Feb 7, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) groundwater monitoring requirements for hazardous waste land disposal facilities, focusing on the number of facilities that: (1) are subject to groundwater monitoring requirements; (2) have monitoring systems in place; (3) have released pollutants into the underlying groundwater; (4) have i...
Hazardous Waste Incinerators: EPA's and OSHA's Actions to Better Protect Health and Safety Not Complete
RCED-95-17: Published: Jan 25, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste incinerators' compliance with federal health and safety regulations, focusing on the: (1) Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) efforts to protect workers' health and safety at hazardous waste incinerators; and (2) results of inspections and enforcement actions at 29 facil...
Environmental Protection: Information on EPA's Underground Injection Control Program
RCED-95-21: Published: Dec 5, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Underground Injection Control Program, focusing on: (1) EPA efforts to ban underground hazardous waste injections; (2) whether EPA inspection and enforcement data are adequate to ensure proper program oversight; and (3) the status of prior recommendations to improve the program.GAO found that: (1) EPA has...
Superfund: Improved Reviews and Guidance Could Reduce Inconsistencies in Risk Assessments
RCED-94-220: Published: Aug 10, 1994. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) risk assessment process for Superfund hazardous waste sites, focusing on: (1) whether these assessments adhere to EPA guidance or vary by region; and (2) how EPA monitors the quality and consistency of these risk assessments.GAO found that: (1) most of the 20 risk assessments reviewed generally adhered to...
Superfund: Risk Assessment Process and Issues
T-RCED-93-74: Published: Sep 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1993.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) risk assessment process for Superfund hazardous waste sites, focusing on: (1) human health risks posed by Superfund sites; and (2) the assumptions and calculations used in risk assessments. GAO noted that: (1) EPA Superfund risk assessment is a 3-step process that evaluates exposure and toxicity risks, and estimates potential health risks;...
Water Pollution: Coordinated Strategy Needed to Address Radioactive and Toxic Wastes in the Massachusetts Bay
T-RCED-92-17: Published: Nov 4, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 1991.
GAO discussed the: (1) scope of past dumping activities in the Massachusetts Bay; and (2) Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) plans to reassess this issue. GAO noted that: (1) although a 1984 EPA study concluded that radioactive waste dumping occurred primarily in one area of the bay and that those wastes presented no public health risk, environmental groups contended that EPA did not fully ex...
Hazardous Waste: Incinerator Operating Regulations and Related Air Emission Standards
RCED-92-21: Published: Oct 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) differences between hazardous waste incinerators that have received permits under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and those that are allowed to operate for some limited period of time without a permit; and (2) emissions standards in effect for incinerators during and after a particular hazardous was...
Hazardous Waste: Management Problems Continue at Overseas Military Bases
NSIAD-91-231: Published: Aug 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste management at the Department of Defense's (DOD) overseas installations, focusing on whether DOD bases overseas were protecting humans and the environment.GAO found that: (1) due to unclear and outdated DOD policy and service regulations, it was difficult to determine the extent to which overseas bases should comply with U.S. laws wh...
Hazardous Waste: Funding of Postclosure Liabilities Remains Uncertain
RCED-90-64: Published: Jun 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1990.
In response to a congressional request, GAO studied options for managing liabilities associated with hazardous waste disposal facilities after closure.GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): (1) requires facilities obtaining operating permits to design and construct disposal units with waste migration prevention measures; (2) officials have identified activities, such as extended...
Hazardous Waste: New Approach Needed to Manage the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RCED-88-115: Published: Jul 19, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1988.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in implementing Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) provisions to determine whether EPA was: (1) identifying and regulating hazardous wastes; (2) ensuring RCRA facilities' compliance with regulatory controls; and (3) encouraging waste minimization.GAO found that: (1) EPA made limited progress in identifying and regulating...