Health hazards (21 - 30 of 48 items)
Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed
NSIAD-97-98: Published: Jun 27, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) environmental cleanup costs, focusing on NASA's: (1) determination of the extent of contamination it may be responsible for cleaning up and progress in its cleanup program; (2) cost estimates for accomplishing cleanup; and (3) efforts to determine whether "potentially responsible parties" s...
Environmental Protection: Information Used for Defense Environmental Management
NSIAD-97-135: Published: Jun 11, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on certain aspects of the Department of Defense's (DOD) environmental compliance and cleanup activities, focusing on the: (1) extent to which DOD components are meeting requirements to provide data on the cost and status of compliance projects; and (2) relative risk characteristics DOD uses to determine priorities for site cleanup.GAO n...
Environmental Protection Issue Area: Active Assignments
AA-97-20(2): Published: Apr 15, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1997.
GAO provided information on its active assignments in the Environmental Protection issue area as of April 15, 1997...
Superfund: EPA Could Further Ensure the Safe Operation of On-Site Incinerators
RCED-97-43: Published: Mar 5, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of incineration at Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) what safeguards EPA uses to promote the safe operation of incinerators at these sites; and (2) whether EPA has fully implemented its planned system of safeguards.GAO noted that: (1) EPA relies upon four main methods to promote the safe operation of...
Superfund: More Emphasis Needed on Risk Reduction
T-RCED-96-168: Published: May 8, 1996. Publicly Released: May 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the Superfund Program's effectiveness. GAO noted that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not adequately emphasized risk reduction in site selection or cleanup schedules; (2) EPA regional offices have used other factors besides risk reduction to select sites or prioritize cleanups; (3) EPA has too often inappropriately assumed that contaminated sites' future uses will...
Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste: Demographics of People Living Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-84: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) demographic information on people living near nonhazardous municipal solid waste landfills; (2) summaries of 10 studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities; (3) information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to address environmental justice issues; and (4) information on the extent of the he...
10 Studies on Demographics Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-158R: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized various studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities. GAO noted that: (1) none of the studies examined the changes in demographics near specific waste facilities over time, due to inadequacies in census data; (2) the studies reviewed disagreed on whether minorities and low-income people were disproportionately repr...
Superfund: EPA's Use of Risk Assessments in Cleanup Decisions
T-RCED-95-231: Published: Jun 22, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 1995.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of human health risk assessments in its cleanup decisions at Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) whether federal and state cleanup standards that set quantitative limits on concentrations of contaminants are based on risk estimates; and (2) the extent to which Superfund risk assessments follow EPA guidance. GAO noted that: (1) EPA cleanup...
Superfund: Risk Assessment Assumptions and Issues
T-RCED-95-206: Published: May 24, 1995. Publicly Released: May 24, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) assessments of the health risks posed by Superfund hazardous waste sites. GAO noted that: (1) the EPA risk assessment process includes estimating the quantity of contaminants that could be reaching human populations and determining the contaminants' toxicity; (2) EPA makes assumptions about the quantity...
Superfund: The Role of Risk in Setting Priorities
T-RCED-95-161: Published: Apr 5, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1995.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of risk to set priorities for the Superfund Program. GAO noted that: (1) EPA has not fully implemented its policy of addressing the worst contaminated sites first; (2) because of the large backlog of sites waiting to be evaluated, EPA regions have used factors other than risk to determine their cleanup priorities; (3) although risk asse...