Hazardous wastes (31 - 40 of 109 items)
10 Studies on Demographics Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-158R: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized various studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities. GAO noted that: (1) none of the studies examined the changes in demographics near specific waste facilities over time, due to inadequacies in census data; (2) the studies reviewed disagreed on whether minorities and low-income people were disproportionately repr...
Superfund: The Role of Risk in Setting Priorities
T-RCED-95-161: Published: Apr 5, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1995.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of risk to set priorities for the Superfund Program. GAO noted that: (1) EPA has not fully implemented its policy of addressing the worst contaminated sites first; (2) because of the large backlog of sites waiting to be evaluated, EPA regions have used factors other than risk to determine their cleanup priorities; (3) although risk asse...
Environmental Protection: Challenges in Defense Environmental Program Management
T-NSIAD-95-121: Published: Mar 24, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 1995.
GAO discussed the overall status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) environmental program, focusing on actions that need to be taken to enhance the program's success. GAO noted that: (1) although DOD has revised its environmental strategy to expedite cleanup efforts, implemented a program that prevents rather than controls pollution, identified nearly 28,000 potentially contaminated sites, and h...
Hazardous Waste: Compliance With Groundwater Monitoring Requirements at Land Disposal Facilities
RCED-95-75BR: Published: Feb 7, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) groundwater monitoring requirements for hazardous waste land disposal facilities, focusing on the number of facilities that: (1) are subject to groundwater monitoring requirements; (2) have monitoring systems in place; (3) have released pollutants into the underlying groundwater; (4) have i...
Hazardous Waste Incinerators: EPA's and OSHA's Actions to Better Protect Health and Safety Not Complete
RCED-95-17: Published: Jan 25, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste incinerators' compliance with federal health and safety regulations, focusing on the: (1) Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) efforts to protect workers' health and safety at hazardous waste incinerators; and (2) results of inspections and enforcement actions at 29 facil...
Superfund: Legal Expenses for Cleanup-Related Activities of Major U.S. Corporations
RCED-95-46: Published: Dec 23, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) responsible parties' cleanup and legal costs at Superfund sites; and (2) the factors that have increased or decreased their legal costs.GAO found that: (1) about one-half of the firms responding to the GAO survey spent a median of $1.5 million in cleanup and legal costs...
Environmental Protection: Information on EPA's Underground Injection Control Program
RCED-95-21: Published: Dec 5, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Underground Injection Control Program, focusing on: (1) EPA efforts to ban underground hazardous waste injections; (2) whether EPA inspection and enforcement data are adequate to ensure proper program oversight; and (3) the status of prior recommendations to improve the program.GAO found that: (1) EPA has...
Environmental Cleanup: Supplemental Case Studies of High Priority DOD Installations
NSIAD-95-8: Published: Nov 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 1994.
GAO provided cases studies on six Department of Defense (DOD) installations' environmental cleanup efforts in this supplement to an earlier report, GAO/NSIAD-94-133, and addressing the: (1) status of the restoration program; (2) cost of cleanup to date; (3) cleanup options considered; (4) option selected; (5) expected completion; and (6) applicable standards.GAO found that: (1) DOD's environmental...
Hazardous Waste: Issues Pertaining to an Incinerator in East Liverpool, Ohio
RCED-94-101: Published: Sep 9, 1994. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) issues concerning the operational control and ownership of a hazardous waste incinerator in East Liverpool, Ohio; (2) whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Ohio have complied with regulations for approving and modifying incinerator permits; and (3) EPA ability to ensure that human health and the environment are protected during...
Superfund: Reauthorization and Prioritization Issues
T-RCED-94-250: Published: Jun 24, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 1994.
GAO discussed Superfund reauthorization and risk prioritization. GAO noted that: (1) the Superfund reauthorization bill clearly makes significant advances over the existing Superfund legislation; (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) needs to consider the risks to human health and the environment when prioritizing sites for cleanup; (3) EPA could recover more of its cleanup and oversight c...