Environmental policies (101 - 113 of 113 items)
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
Department of Energy's Initial Efforts To Implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
RCED-85-27: Published: Jan 10, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts to implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act in the areas of: (1) identifying waste disposal sites; (2) financing the waste disposal program through user fees; and (3) establishing an organization to carry out the program.GAO found that DOE met its statutory milestones for notifying the affected states that it identified repository locations for f...
Information on Disposal Practices of Generators of Small Quantities of Hazardous Wastes
RCED-83-200: Published: Sep 28, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the problems caused by the disposal of hazardous waste into solid waste landfills by small-quantity generators of such waste.GAO found that: (1) although federal grants for small-quantity waste generator programs were eliminated in fiscal year 1982, officials in three of the four states visited by GAO indicated that they were able to increase st...
Cleaning Up the Environment: Progress Achieved but Major Unresolved Issues Remain
CED-82-72: Published: Jul 21, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1982.
With respect to efforts to clean up the nation's air, water, and land, GAO conducted a review to determine: (1) the progress made toward meeting key environmental goals; (2) how specific cities have coped with these mandates; and (3) what unresolved issues face the nation in the future.Overall, there has been progress toward meeting established environmental goals. The air is significantly cleaner...
Information on the Environmental Protection Agency's Enforcement Activities
CED-82-62: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: May 3, 1982.
In response to congressional concern, GAO provided information pertaining to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous waste enforcement activities. This information reviewed: (1) the change in EPA enforcement policy under the current Administration; (2) potential enforcement organizational problems; (3) problems in issuing enforcement guidance and policies to the regions; and (4) the elimin...
Environmental, Economic, and Political Issues Impede Potomac River Cleanup Efforts
GGD-82-7: Published: Jan 6, 1982. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 1982.
GAO reviewed the difficulties state and local governments and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have experienced over the past decade in implementing water quality programs in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. GAO selected the D.C. area for a case study concerning federally mandated water quality programs because many of the problems identified in this report are similar to those oc...
EPA Slow in Controlling PCB's
CED-82-21: Published: Dec 30, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1981.
Various studies have associated the widely used polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) with a number of health problems. Industry has purchased over 1 billion pounds of PCB's for use in electric transformers and capacitors. Since PCB's have a potential for environmental harm, Congress passed a special provision under the Toxic Substances Control Act to control PCB's. With certain exceptions, the act pr...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Conversion of Urban Waste to Energy
109910: Jul 17, 1979
The use of urban waste-to-energy systems in the United States is not widespread due largely to institutional or economic barriers. In Western Europe conversion of waste to energy is a well established technique and over 180 plants are operational. The United States has about 20 plants operational, 10 under construction, 30 in the planning phase, and 71 in preliminary study stages. If these 131 pro...
Codisposal of Garbage and Sewage Sludge--A Promising Solution to Two Problems
CED-79-59: Published: May 16, 1979. Publicly Released: May 16, 1979.
The process of using thermal techniques in the codisposal of sewage sludge and municipal garbage was examined in order to determine why the implementation of codisposal has been limited. Codisposal is the integrated processing of garbage and sewage sludge through burning in which garbage is used as a fuel in sludge drying. The volume of both wastes requiring ultimate disposal is greatly reduced. T...
How To Dispose of Hazardous Waste--A Serious Question That Needs To Be Resolved
CED-79-13: Published: Dec 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1978.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 was enacted to regulate management of hazardous wastes which pose a threat to human health and the environment. The development of environmentally sound treatment and disposal facilities is essential to this purpose. Adequate capacity is not available to handle the increasing volumes of waste being generated, and public opposition is seriously hin...