Environmental monitoring (11 - 20 of 40 items)
Wildland Fires: Forest Service and BLM Need Better Information and a Systematic Approach for Assessing the Risks of Environmental Effects
GAO-04-705: Published: Jun 24, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2004.
Decades of fire suppression, as well as changing land management practices, have caused vegetation to accumulate and become altered on federal lands. Concerns about the effects of wildland fires have increased efforts to reduce fuels on federal lands. These efforts also have environmental effects. Congressional requesters asked GAO to (1) describe effects from fires on the environment, (2) assess...
National Wildlife Refuges: Opportunities to Improve the Management and Oversight of Oil and Gas Activities on Federal Lands
GAO-03-517: Published: Aug 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2003.
The 95-million acre National Wildlife Refuge System contains federal lands devoted to the conservation and management of fish, wildlife, and plant resources. While the federal government owns the surface lands in the system, in many cases private parties own the subsurface mineral rights and have the legal authority to explore for and extract oil and gas. GAO was asked to determine the extent of o...
Severe Wildland Fires: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Reduce Risks to Communities and Resources
GAO-02-259: Published: Jan 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2002.
Dangerous accumulations of brush, small trees, and other vegetation on federal lands, particularly in the western United States, have helped fuel devastating wildfires in recent years. Although a single focal point is critical for directing firefighting efforts by federal, state, and local governments, GAO found a lack of clearly defined leadership at the federal level. Authority and responsibilit...
The National Fire Plan: Federal Agencies Are Not Organized to Effectively and Efficiently Implement the Plan
GAO-01-1022T: Published: Jul 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2001.
This testimony discusses how federal agencies conduct fire management under the National Fire Plan. Effective fire management requires coordination, consistency, and agreement among five federal land management agencies in two departments--the National Park Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the Department of the Interior and...
Ecosystem Planning: Northwest Forest and Interior Columbia River Basin Plans Demonstrate Improvements in Land-Use Planning
RCED-99-64: Published: May 26, 1999. Publicly Released: May 26, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's and the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) efforts to implement two ecosystem-based studies--the Northwest Forest Plan and the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, focusing on: (1) the extent to which each effort has addressed long-standing planning deficiencies; (2) whether the agencies encountered the delays a...
Western National Forests: A Cohesive Strategy is Needed to Address Catastrophic Wildfire Threats
RCED-99-65: Published: Apr 2, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the extent and seriousness of forest-health-related problems in national forests in the interior West; (2) the status of efforts by the Forest Service to address the most serious of these problems; and (3) barriers to successfully addressing these problems and options for overcoming them.GAO noted that: (1) the most extensive an...
Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles
RCED-95-209: Published: Aug 18, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) and the Forest Service's implementation of executive orders regulating the use of off-highway vehicles (OHV) on federal lands, focusing on the agencies': (1) designation of federal lands for OHV use; (2) monitoring of OHV use to identify adverse effects and any needed corrective actions; and (3) compliance with...
Natural Resources: Lessons Learned Regarding Public Land Withdrawn for Military Use
T-NSIAD-94-227: Published: Jun 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 1994.
GAO discussed Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Interior management of lands withdrawn for military use. GAO noted that: (1) military commanders at five withdrawn sites have changed some training activities due to environmental constraints; (2) military operations have hampered the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) resource management activities and caused BLM to assign a low priority...
Superfund: EPA's Community Relations Efforts Could Be More Effective
RCED-94-156: Published: Apr 8, 1994. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to involve communities in decisionmaking about local Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) the Superfund program's requirements for community relations activities; (2) the extent to which EPA is fulfilling these requirements; and (3) community residents' feelings about the adequacy of EPA efforts.GAO...
Federal Land Management: Status and Uses of Wilderness Study Areas
RCED-93-151: Published: Sep 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the wilderness study areas managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service, focusing on: (1) legislative guidance and agency policies governing wilderness study area management; (2) the various activities and uses of the study areas; (3) the ways these activities and uses affect the areas; and (4) agency actions...