Health hazards (41 - 50 of 69 items)
Superfund: More Emphasis Needed on Risk Reduction
T-RCED-96-168: Published: May 8, 1996. Publicly Released: May 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the Superfund Program's effectiveness. GAO noted that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not adequately emphasized risk reduction in site selection or cleanup schedules; (2) EPA regional offices have used other factors besides risk reduction to select sites or prioritize cleanups; (3) EPA has too often inappropriately assumed that contaminated sites' future uses will...
State Cleanup Standards
RCED-96-98R: Published: Apr 24, 1996. Publicly Released: May 7, 1996.
GAO provided information about 21 states' standards for the cleanup of soil and groundwater at Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) whether states base their standards on estimates of health risks; (2) how the standards compare with corresponding federal standards; and (3) whether the states adjust the standards for site-specific conditions. GAO noted that: (1) 20 of the 21 states with such standards...
Superfund: How States Establish and Apply Environmental Standards When Cleaning Up Sites
RCED-96-70FS: Published: Mar 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on how states establish and apply environmental standards when cleaning up Superfund sites, focusing on whether states: (1) base their standards on human health risks; and (2) provide flexibility so that the level of cleanup can be adjusted according to the extent of contamination.GAO found that: (1) 20 of the 21 states reviewed base th...
Superfund: Operations and Maintenance Activities Will Require Billions of Dollars
RCED-95-259: Published: Sep 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1995.
GAO reviewed operations and maintenance (O&M) activities at former or current National Priorities List (NPL) Superfund sites where remediation construction has been completed, focusing on the: (1) extent to which O&M activities are necessary at Superfund sites; (2) costs to the federal government, states, and responsible parties to perform these activities now and in the future; and (3) Environmen...
GAO Products Related to Pesticide Regulation
RCED-95-272R: Published: Sep 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1995.
GAO provided a list of its reports and testimonies issued over the last 10 years that are related to pesticide regulations and that might be useful in deliberations on the reauthorization of the Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. GAO noted that the major topics of its work include: (1) pesticide registration and reregistration; (2) pesticide warnings; (3) groundwater and watershed contam...
Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste: Demographics of People Living Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-84: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) demographic information on people living near nonhazardous municipal solid waste landfills; (2) summaries of 10 studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities; (3) information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to address environmental justice issues; and (4) information on the extent of the he...
10 Studies on Demographics Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-158R: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized various studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities. GAO noted that: (1) none of the studies examined the changes in demographics near specific waste facilities over time, due to inadequacies in census data; (2) the studies reviewed disagreed on whether minorities and low-income people were disproportionately repr...
Superfund: Information on Current Health Risks
RCED-95-205: Published: Jul 19, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the current health risks from Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) the extent to which sites may pose health risks under current land uses, as opposed to the risks that may develop if land uses change in the future; and (2) whether the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) short-term response actions to mitigate the health risks from...
Environmental Protection Issue Area: Active Assignments
AA-95-23(3): Published: Jul 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1995.
GAO provided information on its active assignments in its Environmental Protection issue area as of July 6, 1995...
EBDC Residue Estimates
RCED-94-171R: Published: Jul 15, 1994. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) decision to retain 45 crops for ethylene bisdithiocarbamates (EBDC) testing. GAO noted that although: (1) there are no significant weaknesses in the EPA decision process, there are weaknesses in EPA average residue estimates for EBDC and a metabolite; and (2) the discrepancies in residue estimates for EBD...