Pollution control (301 - 350 of 380 items)
Air Pollution: Improvements Needed in Developing and Managing EPA's Air Quality Models
RCED-86-94: Published: Apr 22, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of air quality models in carrying out the requirements of the Clean Air Act, specifically: (1) the accuracy, adequacy, and cost of the models; (2) the problems and limitations arising from uncertainties associated with the models; and (3) the appropriateness of an agreement between EPA and its c...
Hazardous Waste: DOD's Efforts To Improve Management of Generation, Storage, and Disposal
NSIAD-86-60: Published: May 19, 1986. Publicly Released: May 19, 1986.
GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) progress in managing hazardous waste generation, storage, and disposal at its U.S. installations, specifically: (1) the extent to which the facilities are meeting hazardous waste requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976; (2) the Defense Logistics Agency's effectiveness in disposing of waste and constructing storage facilit...
Hazardous Waste: Responsible Party Clean Up Efforts Require Improved Oversight
RCED-86-123: Published: May 6, 1986. Publicly Released: May 6, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed cleanup activities at priority hazardous waste sites, specifically: (1) the number, estimated value, and purpose of settlement agreements between the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and responsible parties; and (2) how well EPA is overseeing responsible-party compliance with the settlement terms.GAO found that: (1) approximately half of th...
Hazardous Waste: Environmental Safeguards Jeopardized When Facilities Cease Operating
RCED-86-77: Published: Feb 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which: (1) owners and operators of hazardous waste facilities have declared bankruptcy and thereby avoided paying closure and post-closure costs for their facilities; (2) financial assistance requirements ensure that sufficient funds will be available to close and provide post-closure care at such facilities; (3) facilities that cea...
Pollution Control: Information on Chemical Industry Safety Equipment Expenditures
RCED-86-70FS: Published: Dec 20, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 21, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on capital and operating expenditures for pollution control equipment for the chemical and allied products industry.GAO provided information that was compiled by the Department of Commerce for the years 1977 through 1983 for the United States and seven states. GAO noted that: (1) it did not verify the accuracy of the data; and (2) accid...
Environment, Safety, and Health: Environment and Workers Could Be Better Protected at Ohio Defense Plants
RCED-86-61: Published: Dec 13, 1985. Publicly Released: Dec 13, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) effectiveness in protecting its workers, the community, and the environment at three of its defense production facilities in Ohio.GAO noted that: (1) in two previous reports, it recommended that DOE develop a system to independently verify environmental monitoring data reported by contractors; and (2) DOE did not ad...
Assessment of EPA's Hazardous Waste Enforcement Strategy
RCED-85-166: Published: Sep 5, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed and summarized the information obtained through the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement Strategy. Congress provided EPA with funds to develop a compliance monitoring and enforcement policy, and a schedule to ensure 90-percent compliance with these requirements...
Hazardous Waste Management at Tinker Air Force Base--Problems Noted, Improvements Needed
NSIAD-85-91: Published: Jul 19, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste management practices at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma.GAO found that: (1) the base has been selling, transferring, or disposing of hazardous wastes rather than recycling them, as required by Department of Defense (DOD) waste management policies; (2) an industrial waste treatment plant at the base was not being used to full c...
EPA's Preliminary Estimates of Future Hazardous Waste Cleanup Costs Are Uncertain
RCED-84-152: Published: May 7, 1984. Publicly Released: May 16, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Task Force Preliminary Assessment study on what resources are needed to clean up the worst uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.The preliminary EPA study reported that 1,400 to 2,200 hazardous waste sites may require cleanup as National Priority List (NPL) sites and that the federal government...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
Status of EPA's Remedial Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-86: Published: Mar 20, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in cleaning up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites during the first 4 years of the Superfund Program. The report focused on: (1) the extent to which EPA believes that the worst sites have been cleaned up under its remedial program; and (2) the status and funding of ongoing remedial act...
Efforts To Clean Up DOD-Owned Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites
NSIAD-85-41: Published: Apr 12, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Installation Restoration Program (IRP), which is a program to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act's requirements for cleanup of DOD hazardous waste sites.DOD has identified 473 military bases that require assessments to identify potentially hazardo...
Illegal Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Difficult To Detect or Deter
RCED-85-2: Published: Feb 22, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied issues related to illegal hazardous waste disposal to determine whether: (1) information regarding illegal disposal is available; (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states can identify hazardous waste generators and the types and quantities of waste that they produce; (3) the hazardous waste transportation manifest system effectively...
Cleaning Up Hazardous Wastes: An Overview of Superfund Reauthorization Issues
RCED-85-69: Published: Mar 29, 1985. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 1985.
GAO reported on Superfund issues, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.GAO found that the cost and scope of the hazardous waste problem, the degree of health risks involved, and the cost of correcting these problems are unknown. Under the act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has no mandate to set nationwide cleanup standards or oversee state...
GAO Superfund Work
126524: Mar 26, 1985
GAO discussed its work in the area of hazardous waste disposal and issues to be considered during congressional debates on the reauthorization of the Superfund program. The testimony focused on the extent of the hazardous waste problem, the status of cleanup efforts, and the projected cost of cleaning up the nation's most hazardous waste sites. GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (E...
Reports on Superfund Reauthorization Issues
126382: Mar 7, 1985
GAO discussed the Superfund program and the extent of the hazardous waste problem, the status of cleanup efforts, and the projected cost of cleaning up hazardous waste sites. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that the number of sites listed for priority cleanup would be about 1,500 to 2,500 over the next few years and that the estimated cost would range from $7.6 billion to $22.7...
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
Natural Resource Damage Claims and Assessment Regulations Under Superfund
RCED-84-196: Published: Sep 4, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the natural resource damage claims provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, commonly known as Superfund.Under the act, federal and state trustees of natural resources may submit claims against Superfund for reimbursement for injury to or destruction or loss of natural resources c...
Status of Civilian Federal Agencies' Efforts To Address Hazardous Waste Problems on Their Lands
RCED-84-188: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined: (1) what actions have been taken by federal civilian agencies to comply with provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), which require them to identify federal sites which potentially contain hazardous wastes; and (2) the status of ongoing and planned agency actions to assess and correct haza...
EPA's Efforts To Identify and Control Harmful Chemicals in Use
RCED-84-100: Published: Jun 13, 1984. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) current progress in reviewing and controlling existing chemicals as mandated under the Toxic Substances Control Act.Since 1982, EPA has begun to make progress in implementing the existing chemicals program by establishing a process for identifying, assessing, and controlling existing chemical hazards....
Internal Controls of the Transportation Computer Center and Pollution Reporting Incident Reporting System
089018: Jan 31, 1978
No summary is currently available...
EPA and State Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
122839: Nov 16, 1983
Testimony was presented concerning a GAO report on inspection, enforcement, and permitting activities at hazardous waste facilities. GAO found that many facilities are not complying with federal regulations requiring the owners and operators of certain hazardous waste facilities to institute ground water monitoring programs or document their eligibility to waive monitoring requirements. Two primar...
Removing Barriers to the Market Penetration of Methanol Fuels
RCED-84-36: Published: Oct 27, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO identified and assessed the barriers to methanol's market penetration as a transportation fuel and suggested possible government actions, short of expensive subsidies, which might eliminate or diminish market impediments.Methanol has not emerged as a major transportation fuel because large investments are necessary to bring sufficient fuel and vehicles t...
Interim Report on Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
RCED-83-241: Published: Sep 21, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1983.
GAO reviewed the federal regulatory program for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities, focusing on ground water monitoring, inspection and enforcement activities, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) permitting program for hazardous waste facilities. GAO performed this work in four states, all of which had primary inspection responsibility under interim authorization...
Better Coordination Is Needed Between Pesticide Misuse Enforcement Programs and Programs for Certifying and Training Individuals To Apply Pesticides
RCED-83-169: Published: Jul 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1983.
GAO reviewed programs in Illinois and Minnesota under the Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training Program to determine whether they are addressing major pesticide misuse problems.GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Illinois, and Minnesota have not linked the certification and training and enforcement programs to deter and reduce pesticide misuse. The review of program...
Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation With Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities
RCED-83-168: Published: Jun 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO determined the correlation between the location of hazardous waste landfills and the racial and economic status of the surrounding communities in eight southeastern states. GAO also provided information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) site location standards and permitting procedures.GAO found that blacks make up the majority of the population i...
Development of a Federal Air Pollution Episode Program
B-166506: Published: Mar 29, 1974. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1982.
No summary is currently available...
Development of a Federal Air Pollution Episode Program for Los Angelos Area of California
B-166506: Published: Mar 29, 1974. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1982.
No summary is currently available...
GAO's Work on the Acid Rain Issue
119342: Aug 19, 1982
In testimony before a Senate committee, GAO discussed the preliminary findings of its current study on acid rain which is to be completed this fall. The study consists mainly of an analysis and synthesis of scientific and economic information and an examination of the cost implications of alternative acid deposition control strategies. Three central issues were addressed: (1) present and anticipat...
Cleaning Up the Environment: Progress Achieved but Major Unresolved Issues Remain
CED-82-72: Published: Jul 21, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1982.
With respect to efforts to clean up the nation's air, water, and land, GAO conducted a review to determine: (1) the progress made toward meeting key environmental goals; (2) how specific cities have coped with these mandates; and (3) what unresolved issues face the nation in the future.Overall, there has been progress toward meeting established environmental goals. The air is significantly cleaner...
Assessing the Feasibility of Converting Commercial Vehicle Fleets To Use Methanol As an Offset in Urban Areas
PAD-82-39: Published: Jun 11, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1982.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO explored the feasibility of converting commercial gasoline-powered vehicles to methanol as a potential means of offsetting hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides in urban areas.To explore the merits of a methanol offset strategy, GAO addressed questions such as: (1) whether an automobile which burns methanol pollutes less than one which burns ga...
EPA's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
118880: Jul 9, 1982
The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to be accumulated from taxes on petroleum and certain chemicals and federal appropriations over the fiscal year 1981-85 period. The fund is to be used by the federal and state governments to clean up spilled toxic wastes and hazardous waste sites where the responsible party does not take appropriate action. Subsequently, efforts may be mad...
Environmental Protection Agency's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
CED-82-91: Published: Jun 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1982.
GAO was requested to review the Superfund program to identify issues or problems concerning: (1) the selection of candidate sites for Superfund attention; (2) the extent and cost effectiveness of removal, remedy, and other measures at candidate sites; and (3) the ability of state governments to carry out their Superfund responsibilities.The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to...
Environmental Protection: Agenda for the 1980's
CED-82-73: Published: May 5, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
GAO prepared a staff study as part of its continuing reassessment of areas of national concern and interest and identified environmental protection problems and issues most in need of attention. The review will influence the scope and direction of GAO audit efforts involving pollution control programs and activities.Environmental pollution affects the daily lives of all Americans in some form or m...
EPA's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
118136: Apr 20, 1982
Comments were presented on the results of a prior review of the Superfund Program which is designed to finance and clean up uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. The fund is to be used by the federal government, primarily by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), or a state government to clean up spilled toxic wastes and hazardous waste sites where the responsible party does not take appropriate...
Information on a Hazardous Waste Facility Containing Chromium Lead Sludge
CED-82-13: Published: Nov 9, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO investigated a hazardous waste facility at which chromium lead sludge was being deposited in a wetland area as part of a hazardous waste disposal operation.The facility, which has been landfilling chromium lead sludge for 11 years, is located in a marshy area with an underground clay layer. This layer provides for the lateral flow of water or leachate from...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Solid Waste Disposal Practices: Open Dumps Not Identified; States Face Funding Problems
CED-81-131: Published: Jul 23, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1981.
GAO was requested to review the status of state solid waste management plans, the conduct of the open-dump inventory, and the impact of reduced funding on state solid waste activities.GAO found that over $47 million was awarded to states from October 1977 to March 1981 to develop state solid waste management plans and to conduct an open-dump inventory. However, plan development has been slow. No s...
Wyoming Wastewater Treatment Facility Proves Unsuccessful
CED-81-94: Published: Jun 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO investigated the circumstances surrounding the failure of the wastewater treatment facility in Thayne, Wyoming.The $1.15 million facility is now being used by 106 sewage hookups in Thayne while the Star Valley Cheese Corporation (SVCC), for which the facility was principally designed, discharges its wastes directly into the local waterway. Throughout its hi...
The Interstate Transport of Sulfur Dioxide and Total Suspended Particulates
091108: Jun 30, 1981
No summary is currently available...
Environmental Protection Agency's Water Pollution Control Construction Grants Program
115486: Jun 10, 1981
Over the past several years, GAO has presented in its reports issues and concerns regarding the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Construction Grants Program. This multi-billion dollar program is one of the largest public works program in the history of the nation. It has been particularly successful in the control of industrial water pollution. Heavily polluted rivers are being cleaned up,...
The Environmental Protection Agency Needs To Better Control Its Growing Paperwork Burden on the Public
GGD-81-40: Published: May 15, 1981. Publicly Released: May 22, 1981.
GAO was requested to examine the effectiveness of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) paperwork management program and policies. Because of recent environmental legislation and program changes, the EPA requirements for information from the public are expected to increase dramatically. Until the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, the Federal Reports Act of 1942 provided the foundation for con...
Environmental Protection Issues in the 1980's
CED-81-38: Published: Dec 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1980.
Congress has enacted comprehensive legislation which has enlarged and strengthened the regulatory and subsidy parts of Federal environmental policy. Questions have been raised as to whether environmental goals are too costly to achieve, and whether the right balance has been struck between environmental objectives and energy, economic, and social goals.GAO has identified 14 current and emerging is...
Costly Wastewater Treatment Plants Fail To Perform as Expected
CED-81-9: Published: Nov 14, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1980.
Wastewater treatment plants are considered to be the frontline of the Nation's battle to eliminate water pollution and restore water quality to the thousands of miles of contaminated rivers, lakes, streams, and ocean shorelines throughout the country.GAO found that over $25 billion in Federal funds and several billion in State and local moneys have been spent to construct new wastewater treatment...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Programs for Ensuring the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials Need Improvement
CED-81-5: Published: Nov 4, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 1980.
GAO evaluated the Department of Transportation's (DOT) efforts to promote the safe transportation of hazardous materials and the emergency response mechanisms available to react to hazardous material disaster situations. DOT is responsible for ensuring the safety of the public from the inherent risks associated with transporting hazardous materials.DOT has done much to upgrade the federal effort t...
EPA Needs To Improve the Navajo Indian Safe Drinking Water Program
CED-80-124: Published: Sep 10, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 1980.
GAO was asked to review the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the drinking water program on the Navajo Indian Reservation. Water sampling and laboratory analysis practices used on the reservation were also reviewed.Because there is no overall plan or supervision by EPA, confusion and misunderstandings have resulted over the roles and responsibilities of water suppliers and...
Federal-State Environmental Programs--The State Perspective
CED-80-106: Published: Aug 22, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 1980.
Congress intended that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states should act in partnership to implement federally mandated environmental programs. Generally, the states have implemented these programs, enacted enabling legislation, and provided part of the funding. However, the states believe many obstacles impede their implementation of those programs and are beginning to consider...
EPA Should Help Small Communities Cope With Federal Pollution Control Requirements
CED-80-92: Published: May 30, 1980. Publicly Released: May 30, 1980.
GAO selected nine small communities in New England and the Pacific Northwest to do an in-depth analysis of the social and economic problems caused by federally funded sewage systems. GAO also obtained information on an additional 20 communities affected by two or more federal pollution control requirements, to determine if the multiple pollution control requirements caused problems in these commun...
A Framework and Checklist for Evaluating Soil and Water Conservation Programs
PAD-80-15: Published: Mar 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 1980.
As a part of its continuing oversight assistance, GAO developed a checklist of questions for Congress to use in the oversight of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) soil and water conservation programs. These questions and guidelines provide a systematic framework which can be used by USDA in conducting evaluations and for reporting information which is relevant in determining that soil and wat...