Appropriations (51 - 92 of 92 items)
Nuclear Waste: Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leaks Greater Than Estimated
RCED-91-177: Published: Aug 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Department of Energy (DOE) or its Hanford, Washington, site contractor fully disclosed the volume of waste that leaked from the site's underground single-shell storage tanks.GAO found that: (1) DOE estimated that 750,000 gallons of liquid waste leaked from 66 shell tanks, but did not include the volume of cooling water that had been a...
Nuclear Waste: Pretreatment Modifications at DOE Hanford's B Plant Should Be Stopped
RCED-91-165: Published: Jun 12, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) plans to modify its Hanford Site B Plant in Washington to pretreat mixed high-level radioactive waste before the vitrification process to turn it into glass.GAO found that: (1) although DOE was aware that the plant had not met specific federal or DOE regulations since 1987, it failed to timely discuss the compliance...
Federal Lands: Improvements Needed in Managing Concessioners
RCED-91-163: Published: Jun 11, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) laws and policies governing recreation concession operations on federal lands; (2) total number and types of concession agreements; (3) total return to the government from concession operations; and (4) federal recreation resources management practices of the National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,...
Mineral Revenues: Progress Has Been Slow in Verifying Offshore Oil and Gas Production
RCED-90-193: Published: Aug 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's actions to: (1) verify the accuracy of reported offshore oil and gas production; and (2) annually inspect certain offshore lease sites.GAO found that: (1) Interior lacked a fully operational program for verifying that sites accurately reported all oil and gas production for royalty determination purposes, but the Mi...
National Forests: Administration of Outfitter and Guide Policies at the Gallatin Forest
RCED-90-163: Published: Aug 22, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the Forest Service's oversight of outfitters' use of the Gallatin National Forest in Montana; and (2) alleged Forest Service favoritism toward certain outfitters.GAO found that: (1) the Service and outfitters have been involved in a controversy since 1988, when the Service began requiring outfitters to have permits for daytime operations; (2)...
Mineral Revenues: Shortcomings in Onshore Federal Oil and Gas Production Verification
RCED-90-99: Published: Jun 26, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of the Interior's inspection and enforcement program responsibility for onshore federal and Indian oil and gas lease production verification.GAO found that: (1) while the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has improved the inspection and enforcement program since assuming responsibility for it, allegations of oil and gas theft continue...
Water Resources: Compensation to Water Users Did Not Reflect the Value of Rights and Interests
RCED-90-116: Published: Apr 18, 1990. Publicly Released: May 18, 1990.
GAO reviewed the Bureau of Reclamation's compensation to the Strawberry Water Users Association (SWUA) for operation of the Strawberry Valley Project.GAO found that: (1) SWUA was legally entitled to compensation when the United States removed its rights to obtain revenues from the project land, but the Bureau should have limited compensation to actual revenues lost from existing contracts; (2) the...
Water Pollution: Serious Problems Confront Emerging Municipal Sludge Management Program
RCED-90-57: Published: Mar 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) development of a mandated municipal sludge management program, focusing on: (1) the status of EPA and state municipal sludge management efforts; (2) potential obstacles to permanent program implementation; and (3) key issues concerning EPA development of technical sludge standards.GAO found that: (1) few...
Air Pollution: Protecting Parks and Wilderness From Nearby Pollution Sources
RCED-90-10: Published: Feb 7, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal and state efforts to maintain clean air in national parks and wilderness areas, focusing on: (1) the extent to which the Clean Air Act regulated stationary sources located near areas designated Class I, the highest protection level; (2) how federal land managers protected Class I areas from stationary source emissions; and (3) why states ha...
National Forests: Special Recreation Areas Not Meeting Established Objectives
RCED-90-27: Published: Feb 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's management of 20 special recreation areas within the national forest system to determine whether the Service achieved the development, operation, and maintenance levels consistent with their designating legislation.GAO found that: (1) the Service did not develop, operate, or maintain many of the special recreation areas accordi...
Nuclear Waste: Storage Issues at DOE's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico
RCED-90-1: Published: Dec 8, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) 5-year program for demonstrating its Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's (WIPP) capacity for safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) wastes produced by DOE atomic energy defense activities.GAO found that: (1) DOE established the 5-year test program to help determine WIPP compliance with 1985 Environmental Protection Agency (EP...
Mineral Revenues: Implementation of the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987
RCED-89-108: Published: May 8, 1989. Publicly Released: May 31, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) implementation of the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act, focusing on: (1) BLM development of implementing regulations; (2) how BLM conducted oil and gas lease test sales, and the sales' results; and (3) the effect of royalty rate changes for competitively issued oil and gas leases.GAO found that...
Surface Mining: Interior's Response to Abandoned Mine Emergencies
RCED-89-74: Published: Jan 31, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) report to a congressional subcommittee on its handling of requests for emergency reclamation of abandoned mine land sites, focusing on: (1) the accuracy and completeness of the OSMRE report; (2) how long it took OSMRE to process emergency complaints; and (3) whether OSMRE-approve...
Surface Mining: Operation of the Applicant Violator System Can Be Improved
AFMD-89-31: Published: Jan 24, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) efforts to implement its Applicant Violator System (AVS).GAO found that: (1) the OSMRE automated permit review system was inadequate to effectively determine whether permits should be issued or denied; (2) incomplete names and addresses, inconsistent recordkeeping and reports, an...
Satellite Data Archiving: U.S. and Foreign Activities and Plans for Environmental Information
RCED-88-201: Published: Sep 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. and international environmental satellite data archiving activities and plans.GAO found that: (1) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are primarily responsible for archiving environmental satellite data; (2) the agencies expe...
Federal Land Management: Consideration of Proposed Alaska Land Exchanges Should Be Discontinued
RCED-88-179: Published: Sep 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated proposed land exchanges between the Department of the Interior and six groups of Alaskan Native corporations to: (1) assess Interior's legal authority to conduct the proposed land exchanges; and (2) examine the processes, assumptions, and methods underlying the exchanges.GAO found that: (1) Interior had the legal authority to negotiate and admi...
Offshore Oil and Gas: Environmental Studies Program Meets Most User Needs but Changes Needed
RCED-88-104: Published: Jun 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's outer continental shelf (OCS) environmental studies program to determine: (1) whether contractors timely delivered environmental studies in relation to originally scheduled due dates and planned lease uses; (2) the level of user satisfaction with the studies and how Interior's Minerals Management Service (MMS) us...
Toxic Substances: PCB Enforcement in Kansas City Region Substantiates Need for Further Program Improvements
RCED-88-72: Published: Feb 26, 1988. Publicly Released: May 3, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Kansas City regional office's oversight of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) storage and disposal companies; and (2) identified improvements needed in the EPA nationwide PCB enforcement program.GAO found that: (1) EPA has not directed its regional offices to assign special priority to the inspection...
Environmental Funding: DOE Needs To Better Identify Funds for Hazardous Waste Compliance
RCED-88-62: Published: Dec 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) funding for activities to comply with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA).GAO found that DOE cannot: (1) specifically identify budgeted or expended RCRA and CERCLA funds, since they are not part of...
Surface Mining: State and Federal Use of Alternative Enforcement Techniques
RCED-87-160: Published: Aug 20, 1987. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed state and federal use of alternative enforcement techniques under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, focusing on: (1) whether states with primacy for mining regulation have statutory authority to use, and are using, the alternative techniques; (2) whether the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) uses such techni...
Toxic Substances: Abandonment of PCBs Demonstrates Need for Program Improvements
RCED-87-127: Published: May 20, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the circumstances that led a polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) handling firm to abandon PCB at two sites, focusing particularly on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulatory practices and enforcement efforts related to the abandonment.GAO found that EPA: (1) has inadequate controls over PCB, particularly regarding headquarters oversigh...
Hazardous Waste: DOD Installations in Guam Having Difficulty Complying With Regulations
NSIAD-87-87: Published: Apr 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of Defense's (DOD) efforts to manage, store, and dispose of the hazardous waste generated at installations in Guam.GAO found that: (1) DOD installations in Guam were not in compliance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's requirements; (2) most of the violations were serious, and many were repetitive; (3) the most com...
Mineral Resources: Interior Has Improved Its Administration of Coal Exchanges
RCED-87-53: Published: Feb 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of the Interior's procedures for administering the trade or exchange of federal coal lands, interest, or leases for privately owned property to determine whether they ensure the: (1) exchange of coal of equal value only; (2) protection of environmental values; (3) protection of the public interest; and (4) prevention of potential...
Surface Mining: Interior Department and States Could Improve Inspection Programs
RCED-87-40: Published: Dec 29, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federally approved mine inspection and enforcement programs in four states to determine whether: (1) the states were citing all violations observed during mine inspections; and (2) if the Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) sampling process to select mines for review is appro...
Nuclear Waste: Institutional Relations Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
RCED-87-14: Published: Feb 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request to assess the Department of Energy's (DOE) relations with the states and Indian tribes that its Nuclear Waste Repository Program affects, GAO: (1) identified the states' and tribes' concerns with the program, including their level of participation in the decisionmaking process for waste sites; (2) examined the DOE program for involving states and tribes and t...
Mineral Revenues: Delays in Processing and Disbursing Onshore Oil and Gas Bid Revenues
RCED-86-69: Published: Mar 24, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 1986.
GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's procedures for: (1) depositing and processing bid revenues from offshore and onshore competitive oil and gas lease sales; and (2) disbursing onshore bid revenues to the states.GAO found that Interior's procedures and guidelines for depositing and processing offshore bid revenues were adequate, but the procedures for depositing, processing, and disbursi...
Natural Gas Prices: FERC Should Improve Its Initial Review of Pipelines' Natural Gas Costs
RCED-86-12: Published: Nov 4, 1985. Publicly Released: Dec 4, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined how the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) reviews natural gas pipeline companies' requests to change their rates to reflect changes in their natural gas costs, focusing on whether: (1) the filings submitted were complete and consistent; and (2) FERC analysts appropriately reviewed the filings before they went into effect.GAO found that a...
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act: 1984 Implementation Status, Progress, and Problems
RCED-85-100: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1985.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) progress in implementing the act, focusing on: (1) the DOE approach to selecting a waste disposal site; (2) DOE negotiations with states and Indian tribes for consultation and cooperation agreements; and (3) DOE planning for monitored retrievable spent fuel storage (MRS).GAO found th...
Selectively Reducing Offshore Royalty Rates in the Gulf of Mexico Could Increase Oil Production and Federal Government Revenue
RCED-85-6: Published: May 10, 1985. Publicly Released: May 17, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined steps the federal government could take to encourage environmentally sound enhanced oil recoveries (EOR) in the Outer Continental Shelf OCS of the Gulf of Mexico.GAO found that the federal government leases large areas in the Gulf of Mexico for the development of oil resources and receives financial royalties on the oil produced. It was estimated t...
Forest Service's Program To Identify Unneeded Land for Potential Sale Is Stalled
RCED-85-16: Published: Nov 6, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's program to identify and dispose of unneeded land, including: (1) how the Service plans to implement an executive order which asked federal agencies to identify and dispose of such land; (2) its land management process; and (3) the problems and costs involved in selling the land.GAO found that the Service is not determining w...
Economic Uses of the National Wildlife Refuge System Unlikely To Increase Significantly
RCED-84-108: Published: Jun 15, 1984. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's plans to expand the economic and public uses of lands included in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS), focusing on: (1) how expansion decisions were reached and whether data provided by individual refuges were considered in Interior's plans; (2) plans to increase oil and gas development on NWRS lands; and (3)...
Implementation of the National Minerals and Materials Policy Needs Better Coordination and Focus
RCED-84-63: Published: Mar 20, 1984. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO monitored and reviewed the administration's implementation of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act, which was passed to: (1) coordinate and implement a coherent national materials and minerals policy and program through the Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet; (2) promote an adequate and stable supply of...
Sharing the Cost of Making Federal Water Project Feasibility Studies
RCED-83-18: Published: Dec 6, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 1982.
GAO discussed feasibility studies undertaken by the Federal government to resolve water resources problems and the factors affecting the study outcome. The purpose of the review was to determine how frequently studies did not identify acceptable solutions and why.GAO estimated that, during the past 17 years, Federal agencies have spent about $100 million on water project feasibility studies. In it...
Need To Strengthen Coordination of Ocean Pollution Research
CED-82-108: Published: Jul 14, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 1982.
GAO conducted a review to determine whether the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) implementation of the National Ocean Pollution Planning Act had improved the coordination of federal ocean pollution research development and monitoring.NOAA has made considerable progress toward implementing the act. It has: (1) issued a plan and one revision containing extensive catalogs of f...
Interior Should Help States Assess Mineral Tax Programs
EMD-82-48: Published: Jun 16, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1982.
An earlier GAO report assessed the impact of Federal and State taxes on the domestic minerals industry and found that their tax actions can have a significant effect on the production as well as the profitability of the domestic minerals industry. It was concluded that institutional means should be considered for better harmonizing Federal and State tax policy with national mineral production obje...
Mining on National Park Service Lands--What Is at Stake?
EMD-81-119S: Published: Dec 14, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1981.
GAO provided a supplement containing an analysis and response to the Department of the Interior's delayed comments on a draft report on mineral exploration and mining claims. GAO reviewed these comments at the request of the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Interior's comments were received too late to be incorporated into the...
Mining on National Park Service Lands--What Is at Stake?
EMD-81-119: Published: Sep 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1981.
The Mining in the Parks Act prohibited further mineral exploration in six National Park Service (NPS) areas and placed environmental restrictions on development of existing mining claims in these areas. The act also required the Secretary of the Interior to submit to Congress studies of the environmental consequences of mining in these areas accompanied by estimated acquisition costs of mining cla...
The Nation's Unused Wood Offers Vast Potential Energy and Product Benefits
EMD-81-6: Published: Mar 3, 1981. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 1981.
Immense quantities of wood residues are wasted in the United States in the form of decaying logging residues and dead trees, unused wood processing residues, and large, untapped acreages of small, defective, and other lower value trees. Wood residues could be an important energy source. A study was made of federal policies that are contributing to this lost potential.GAO identified numerous factor...
Lands in the Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Should Be Returned to Private Ownership
CED-81-10: Published: Jan 22, 1981. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1981.
GAO was requested to examine the land acquisition and management practices of the National Park Service (NPS) at Lake Chelan National Recreation Area. Through the law which established this area, it was congressional intent that land acquisition costs be minimal, that a private community in the recreation area continue to exist, that commercial development not be eliminated, and that additional co...
Promising Changes Improve EPA's Extramural Research; More Changes Needed
CED-81-6: Published: Oct 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made a number of changes to the planning and management of its research activities. If properly implemented, they should improve the EPA research program. GAO discussed some problems which require further attention, and factors and weaknesses which, unless corrected, could continue to seriously hamper the EPA ability to meet its research needs.GAO foun...
Better Management of National Park Concessions Can Improve Services Provided to the Public
CED-80-102: Published: Jul 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 1980.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the management of concession operations by the National Park Service (NPS).GAO found that concessioner performance evaluation would be more effective if visitors' opinions and comments were used in appraising concessioner performance. Existing concessioners already have a competitive advantage over others who want to operate in the parks, they do...
Deferrals of Budget Authority for Water Resources Projects
OGC-77-16: Published: Apr 18, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 1977.
Two Presidential deferrals of budget authority totaling $12.6 million that had been provided for water resources projects to be undertaken by the Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation were investigated.The administration originally deferred $7.76 million of fiscal year (FY) 1977 funds for Corps of Engineers construction projects. These funds were for major contracts which were scheduled...