Natural resources (101 - 110 of 495 items)
EPA Health Risk Assessments: Sustained Management and Oversight Key to Overcoming Challenges
GAO-11-824T: Published: Jul 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2011.
This testimony discusses our prior work on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program and database. IRIS is one of the most significant tools that EPA has developed to support its mission to protect people and the environment from harmful chemical exposures. The IRIS database contains EPA's scientific position on the potential human health effects...
Oil and Gas: Interior's Restructuring Challenges in the Aftermath of the Gulf Oil Spill
GAO-11-734T: Published: Jun 2, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2011.
The Department of the Interior oversees oil and gas activities on leased federal lands and waters. Revenue generated from federal oil and gas production is one of the largest nontax sources of federal government funds, accounting for about $9 billion in fiscal year 2009. Since the April 2010 explosion on board the Deepwater Horizon, Interior has been in the midst of restructuring the bureaus that...
Smithsonian Institution: Much Work Still Needed to Identify and Repatriate Indian Human Remains and Objects
GAO-11-515: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
The National Museum of the American Indian Act of 1989 (NMAI Act), as amended in 1996, generally requires the Smithsonian Institution to inventory and identify the origins of its Indian human remains and objects placed with them (funerary objects) and repatriate them to culturally affiliated Indian tribes upon request. It also creates a special committee to oversee this process. According to the S...
Federal Land Management: Availability and Potential Reliability of Selected Data Elements at Five Agencies
GAO-11-377: Published: Apr 20, 2011. Publicly Released: May 20, 2011.
The federal government manages about 650 million acres, or 29 percent, of the 2.27 billion acres of U.S. land. Four land management agencies--the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the National Park Service (NPS) in the Department of the Interior (Interior) and the Forest Service, in the Department of Agriculture--manage about 95 percent of these federal acres. I...
Energy-Water Nexus: Amount of Energy Needed to Supply, Use, and Treat Water Is Location-Specific and Can Be Reduced by Certain Technologies and Approaches
GAO-11-225: Published: Mar 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2011.
Providing drinking water and wastewater services are two key functions needed to support an urban lifestyle. To provide these services, energy is needed to extract, use, and treat water and wastewater. As the demand for water increases, the energy demands associated with providing water services are similarly expected to grow. GAO was asked to describe what is known about (1) the energy needed for...
Southwest Border: Border Patrol Operations on Federal Lands
GAO-11-573T: Published: Apr 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2011.
To stem the flow of illegal traffic from Mexico into the United States over the last 5 years along the U.S. southwestern border, the Border Patrol has nearly doubled the number of agents on patrol, constructed hundreds of miles of border fences, and installed a variety of surveillance equipment. About 40 percent of these border lands are managed by the Departments of the Interior and Agriculture,...
Oil and Gas Leasing: Past Work Identifies Numerous Challenges with Interior's Oversight
GAO-11-487T: Published: Mar 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2011.
The Department of the Interior oversees oil and gas activities on leased federal lands and waters. Revenue generated from federal oil and gas production is one of the largest nontax sources of federal government funds, accounting for about $9 billion in fiscal year 2009. For onshore leases, Interior's Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has oversight responsibilities. For offshore leases, the newly cr...
Forest Service: Continued Work Needed to Address Persistent Management Challenges
GAO-11-423T: Published: Mar 10, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2011.
The Forest Service, within the Department of Agriculture, manages over 190 million acres of national forest and grasslands. The agency is responsible for managing its lands for various purposes--including recreation, grazing, timber harvesting, and others--while ensuring that such activities do not impair the lands' long-term productivity. Numerous GAO reports examining different aspects of Forest...
Department of the Interior: Major Management Challenges
GAO-11-424T: Published: Mar 1, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2011.
The Department of the Interior (Interior) is responsible for managing much of the nation's vast natural resources. Its agencies implement an array of programs intended to protect these resources for future generations while also allowing certain uses of them, such as recreation and oil and gas development. In some cases, Interior is authorized to collect royalties and fees for these uses. Over the...
Oil and Gas Bonds: BLM Needs a Comprehensive Strategy to Better Manage Potential Oil and Gas Well Liability
GAO-11-292: Published: Feb 25, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2011.
The number of oil and gas wells on leased federal land has increased dramatically. To help manage the environmental impacts of these wells, the Department of the Interior's (Interior) Bureau of Land Management (BLM) requires oil and gas operators to reclaim disturbed land in a manner it prescribes. To help ensure operators reclaim leased land, BLM requires them to provide a bond before beginning d...