Natural resources (61 - 70 of 160 items)
Alaska Native Allotments: Conflicts with Utility Rights-of-way Have Not Been Resolved through Existing Remedies
GAO-04-923: Published: Sep 7, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2004.
In 1906, the Alaska Native Allotment Act authorized the Secretary of the Interior to allot individual Alaska Natives (Native) a homestead of up to 160 acres. The validity of some of Copper Valley Electric Association's (Copper Valley) rights-of-way within Alaska Native allotments is the subject of ongoing dispute; in some cases the allottees assert that Copper Valley's electric lines trespass on t...
Alaska Native Villages: Most Are Affected by Flooding and Erosion, but Few Qualify for Federal Assistance
GAO-04-142: Published: Dec 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2003.
Approximately 6,600 miles of Alaska's coastline and many of the low-lying areas along the state's rivers are subject to severe flooding and erosion. Most of Alaska's Native villages are located on the coast or on riverbanks. In addition to the many federal and Alaska state agencies that respond to flooding and erosion, Congress established the Denali Commission in 1998 to, among other things, prov...
Wildland Fire Management: Additional Actions Required to Better Identify and Priorities Lands Needing Fuels Reduction
GAO-03-805: Published: Aug 15, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2003.
The density of the nation's forests, along with drought and other weather conditions, has fueled wildland fires that have required billions of dollars to suppress and has forced thousands of people to evacuate their homes. The Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Forest Service and the Department of the Interior (Interior) are collaborating on a long-term effort to reduce the risk these fires pose....
Forest Service: Little Progress on Performance Accountability Likely Unless Management Addresses Key Challenges
GAO-03-503: Published: May 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2003.
Historically, the Forest Service has not been able to provide Congress or the public with a clear understanding of what the Forest Service's 30,000 employees accomplish with the approximately $5 billion the agency receives every year. Since 1990, GAO has reported 7 times on performance accountability weaknesses at the Forest Service, including its inability to systematically link planning, budgeti...
Agricultural Conservation: USDA Needs to Better Ensure Protection of Highly Erodible Cropland and Wetlands
GAO-03-418: Published: Apr 21, 2003. Publicly Released: May 21, 2003.
Annually, over a billion tons of soil erodes from the nation's cropland, and thousands of other acres, including wetlands, are converted to new cropland. Soil erosion reduces the land's productivity and impairs water quality; drained wetlands reduce flood control. Under the 1985 Food Security Act, farmers risk losing federal farm payments if they do not apply conservation practices to reduce erosi...
Natural Resources: Status of Merchantable Material Contracting Pilot Program Authorized by the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000
GAO-03-596R: Published: May 9, 2003. Publicly Released: May 9, 2003.
The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000, enacted October 30, 2000, mandated that we assess a merchantable material contracting pilot program authorized by the act and report on our assessment by September 30, 2003. The pilot program encompasses certain forest-related projects undertaken as a result of the act and mandates the use of separate contracts for the harvesti...
Wildland Fires: Better Information Needed on Effectiveness of Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation Treatments
GAO-03-430: Published: Apr 4, 2003. Publicly Released: May 7, 2003.
Wildfires burn millions of acres annually. Most burnt land can recover naturally, but a small percentage needs short-term emergency treatment to stabilize burnt land that threatens public safety, property, or ecosystems or longer-term treatments to rehabilitate land unlikely to recover naturally. The Department of the Interior (Interior) and the Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Forest Service-...
Environmental Contamination: DOD Has Taken Steps to Improve Cleanup Coordination at Former Defense Sites but Clearer Guidance Is Needed to Ensure Consistency
GAO-03-146: Published: Mar 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2003.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is in charge of addressing cleanup at the more than 9,000 U.S. properties that were formerly owned or controlled by the Department of Defense (DOD) and have been identified as potentially eligible for environmental cleanup. The Corps has determined that more than 4,000 of these properties have no hazards that require further Corps study or cleanup action. H...
South Florida Restoration: Task Force Needs to Improve Science Coordination to Increase the Likelihood of Success
GAO-03-345: Published: Mar 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2003.
Restoration of the South Florida ecosystem is a significant federal and state priority, requiring the development and use of extensive scientific information. GAO was asked to report on the funds spent on scientific activities for restoration, the gaps that exist in scientific information, and the extent to which scientific activities are being coordinated.From fiscal years 1993 through 2002, fede...
Alaska's North Slope: Requirements for Restoring Lands After Oil Production Ceases
GAO-02-357: Published: Jun 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2002.
This report discusses the nature and extent of dismantlement, removal, and restoration requirements for oil industry activities that are occurring on both federal and state lands located on the North Slope of the state of Alaska. The state of Alaska, which owns the lands where most of the North Slope's current oil production occurs, has adopted general dismantlement, removal, and restoration requi...