Superfund (81 - 90 of 107 items)
Superfund: Issues That Need To Be Addressed Before the Program's Next Reauthorization
T-RCED-92-15: Published: Oct 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 1991.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) the pace of site cleanups; (2) how Superfund costs can be better controlled; (3) whether completed cleanups will successfully protect human health and the environment; and (4) the risks of Superfund sites to human health and the environment. GAO noted that: (1) after 11 years, EPA has finished cleanups at...
Superfund: Public Health Assessments Incomplete and of Questionable Value
RCED-91-178: Published: Aug 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the quality and usefulness of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's (ATSDR) health assessments of Superfund sites.GAO held that: (1) the quality of ATSDR health assessments suffered due to legislation requiring ATSDR to complete assessments for 951 sites in a little over 2 years; (2) although ATSDR met the deadline, it did so by la...
Nuclear Waste: Problems and Delays With Characterizing Hanford's Single-Shell Tank Waste
RCED-91-118: Published: Apr 23, 1991. Publicly Released: May 30, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of Department of Energy (DOE) efforts to characterize single-shell tank wastes at its Hanford, Washington site, focusing on impediments such as: (1) technological limitations; and (2) safety considerations.GAO found that: (1) due to the number of unresolved issues, DOE was unlikely to complete the first-phase characterization of the sing...
Potential Liability of Property/Casualty Insurers for Costs of Cleaning Up Hazardous Waste Sites
T-RCED-90-109: Published: Sep 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1990.
GAO discussed the property and casualty insurance industry's potential liability for costs to clean up the nation's hazardous waste sites, especially Superfund sites. GAO noted that: (1) there are about 1,200 sites on the Environmental Protection Agency's National Priorities List for Superfund cleanup; (2) parties responsible for contaminating the sites were primarily liable for cleanup, and Super...
Superfund: A More Vigorous and Better Managed Enforcement Program Is Needed
RCED-90-22: Published: Dec 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) enforcement of the Superfund program, focusing on: (1) its process for identifying liable and financially viable parties to hold responsible for cleaning up Superfund sites; (2) enforcement tools, including negotiations, unilateral administrative orders, and mixed funding and de minimis settlements; and (...
Hazardous Waste Sites: State Cleanup Status and Its Implications for Federal Policy
RCED-89-164: Published: Aug 21, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of state cleanups of hazardous waste sites not on the National Priorities List (NPL) and whether the cleanups met Superfund Program standards.GAO found that: (1) although 47 states reported about 28,000 known or suspected Superfund sites, many had not identified all of their sites; (2) 42 states reported inspecting about 7,800 sites and...
Implications of State Cleanups of Hazardous Waste Sites on Federal Policy
T-RCED-90-5: Published: Nov 7, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 1989.
GAO reviewed state cleanups of hazardous waste sites not included under the federal Superfund program, focusing on: (1) state cleanup progress; (2) whether state cleanup levels and remedies met Superfund standards; and (3) the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) proposed policy to turn over cleanup of some Superfund sites to states. GAO found that: (1) although most states have accomplished fe...
Superfund: Contractors Are Being Too Liberally Indemnified by the Government
RCED-89-160: Published: Sep 26, 1989. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) Section 119 program for indemnifying Superfund program contractors and subcontractors against liabilities caused by negligence, focusing on: (1) the use of and need for indemnification agreements; (2) claims against those agreements; (3) the pr...
Making Superfund Work Better: A Challenge for the New Administration
T-RCED-89-48: Published: Jun 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1989.
GAO discussed its work on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program and reviewed the EPA Superfund management report. In previous reports, GAO had found EPA difficulty in: (1) controlling contracting costs; (2) maintaining a stable and competent work force; (3) compelling violators to pay cleanup costs; and (4) defining and meeting its short- and long-term goals. GAO found that...
Superfund: Missed Statutory Deadlines Slow Progress in Environmental Programs
RCED-89-27: Published: Nov 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed compliance with deadlines in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), specifically to: (1) catalog the SARA deadlines from the date of enactment through December 31, 1991; and (2) determine compliance with deadlines through March 31, 1989.GAO found that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for 78 of...