Health hazards (61 - 70 of 111 items)
Superfund: More Emphasis Needed on Risk Reduction
T-RCED-96-168: Published: May 8, 1996. Publicly Released: May 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the Superfund Program's effectiveness. GAO noted that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not adequately emphasized risk reduction in site selection or cleanup schedules; (2) EPA regional offices have used other factors besides risk reduction to select sites or prioritize cleanups; (3) EPA has too often inappropriately assumed that contaminated sites' future uses will...
State Cleanup Standards
RCED-96-98R: Published: Apr 24, 1996. Publicly Released: May 7, 1996.
GAO provided information about 21 states' standards for the cleanup of soil and groundwater at Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) whether states base their standards on estimates of health risks; (2) how the standards compare with corresponding federal standards; and (3) whether the states adjust the standards for site-specific conditions. GAO noted that: (1) 20 of the 21 states with such standards...
Superfund: How States Establish and Apply Environmental Standards When Cleaning Up Sites
RCED-96-70FS: Published: Mar 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on how states establish and apply environmental standards when cleaning up Superfund sites, focusing on whether states: (1) base their standards on human health risks; and (2) provide flexibility so that the level of cleanup can be adjusted according to the extent of contamination.GAO found that: (1) 20 of the 21 states reviewed base th...
Pesticides: The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide in the United States
RCED-96-16: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1995.
GAO provided information on the phaseout of methyl bromide in the United States, focusing on the: (1) scientific evidence that emissions of methyl bromide are depleting the ozone layer; (2) availability of economical and effective alternatives to the pesticide; (3) effects of banning the pesticide on U.S. trade in agricultural commodities; and (4) Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) authority...
Superfund: Operations and Maintenance Activities Will Require Billions of Dollars
RCED-95-259: Published: Sep 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1995.
GAO reviewed operations and maintenance (O&M) activities at former or current National Priorities List (NPL) Superfund sites where remediation construction has been completed, focusing on the: (1) extent to which O&M activities are necessary at Superfund sites; (2) costs to the federal government, states, and responsible parties to perform these activities now and in the future; and (3) Environmen...
Environmental Protection: Interim Actions to Better Control Cement Kiln Dust
RCED-95-192: Published: Aug 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) decisionmaking process with respect to regulating cement kiln dust, focusing on: (1) EPA priorities in making its kiln dust determination; (2) whether EPA is authorized to modify hazardous waste management requirements in regulating cement kiln dust; (3) whether EPA believes that cement kilns burning haza...
Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste: Demographics of People Living Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-84: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) demographic information on people living near nonhazardous municipal solid waste landfills; (2) summaries of 10 studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities; (3) information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to address environmental justice issues; and (4) information on the extent of the he...
10 Studies on Demographics Near Waste Facilities
RCED-95-158R: Published: Jun 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized various studies on the demographics of people living near hazardous waste facilities. GAO noted that: (1) none of the studies examined the changes in demographics near specific waste facilities over time, due to inadequacies in census data; (2) the studies reviewed disagreed on whether minorities and low-income people were disproportionately repr...
Superfund: Information on Current Health Risks
RCED-95-205: Published: Jul 19, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the current health risks from Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) the extent to which sites may pose health risks under current land uses, as opposed to the risks that may develop if land uses change in the future; and (2) whether the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) short-term response actions to mitigate the health risks from...
Superfund: EPA's Use of Risk Assessments in Cleanup Decisions
T-RCED-95-231: Published: Jun 22, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 1995.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of human health risk assessments in its cleanup decisions at Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) whether federal and state cleanup standards that set quantitative limits on concentrations of contaminants are based on risk estimates; and (2) the extent to which Superfund risk assessments follow EPA guidance. GAO noted that: (1) EPA cleanup...