Health hazards (41 - 50 of 111 items)
Environmental Contamination: Uncertainties Continue to Affect the Progress of the Spring Valley Cleanup
GAO-02-836T: Published: Jun 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2002.
During World War I, the U.S. Army operated a large research facility to develop and test chemical weapons and explosives in the area that became the Spring Valley neighborhood in Washington, D.C. Buried ordnance, discovered there in 1993, led to the designation by the Department of Defense (DOD) of 61 acres as a formerly used defense site. Through fiscal year 2001, DOD had spent over $50 million t...
Environmental Protection: MTBE Contamination From Underground Storage Tanks
GAO-02-753T: Published: May 21, 2002. Publicly Released: May 21, 2002.
To help limit air pollution, about a third of the states use gasoline that contains methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), which burns cleaner. However, MTBE has migrated into wells and groundwater from leaking underground tanks used to store gasoline. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the responsibility through the Underground Storage Tank Program and works through the states to ensure t...
Environmental Protection: Improved Inspections and Enforcement Would Ensure Safer Underground Storage Tanks
GAO-02-712T: Published: May 8, 2002. Publicly Released: May 8, 2002.
Hazardous substances that leak from underground storage tanks can contaminate the soil and water and pose continuing health risks. Leaks of methyl tertiary butyl ether--a fuel additive--have forced several communities to close their wells. GAO surveyed all 50 states and the District of Columbia to determine whether tanks are compliant with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) underground st...
Environmental Protection: Improved Inspections and Enforcement Would Better Ensure the Safety of Underground Storage Tanks
GAO-01-464: Published: May 4, 2001. Publicly Released: May 9, 2001.
The states and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cannot ensure that all active underground storage tanks have the required leak-, spill-, and overfill-protection equipment installed, nor can they guarantee that the installed equipment is being properly operated and maintained. Although the states and EPA regions focus most of their limited resources on monitoring active tanks, empty or ina...
Superfund: Information Regarding EPA's Cleanup Decision Process on the Hudson River Site
RCED-00-193: Published: Sep 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) decision to clean up the Hudson River, focusing on: (1) the computer models EPA and General Electric (GE) are using in their assessments and related scientific and technical issues; and (2) the processes EPA is using to obtain and respond to scientific and technical comments on its modeling...
Superfund: Progress, Problems, and Future Outlook
T-RCED-99-128: Published: Mar 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the status and management of the Superfund program and the outlook for the program's future, focusing on: (1) progress made toward cleaning up sites in the program; (2) continuing management problems; and (3) factors affecting Superfund's future workload.GAO noted that: (1) in the past GAO has called attention to the slow pace of cleanups in the S...
Hazardous Waste: Information on Potential Superfund Sites
RCED-99-22: Published: Nov 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information from its surveys of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regions, federal agencies, and states for each of the 3,036 potential Superfund sites awaiting a National Priorities List (NPL) decision, as well as for sites whose placement on the list has been opposed by state governors.GAO noted that: (1) of the 3,036 sites that EPA's Superfu...
Hazardous Waste: Unaddressed Risks at Many Potential Superfund Sites
RCED-99-8: Published: Nov 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regions, other federal agencies, and states to: (1) determine the number of sites classified as awaiting a National Priorities List (NPL) decision that remain potentially eligible for the list; (2) describe the characteristics of these sites, including their health and environmental risks; (3) determine the sta...
Superfund: Chronology of Efforts to Resolve Liability for the American Chemical Services, Inc., Site
RCED-98-270R: Published: Sep 29, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the American Chemical Services (ACS), Inc., Superfund site in Griffith, Indiana, focusing on: (1) developing a chronology of its hazardous waste cleanup process; and (2) highlighting the liability decision points throughout the process.GAO noted that: (1) the process of determining liability at the ACS site has involved more than 1,0...