Hazardous wastes (21 - 30 of 155 items)
Environmental Contamination: Corps Needs to Reassess Its Determinations That Many Former Defense Sites Do Not Need Cleanup
GAO-02-658: Published: Aug 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2002.
The Department of Defense (DOD) estimates that cleaning up contamination and hazards at thousands of properties that it formerly owned or controlled will take more than 70 years and cost as much as $20 billion. These formerly used defense sites (FUDS), which can range in size from less than an acre to many thousands of acres, are now used for parks, farms, schools, and homes. Hazards at these prop...
Hazardous Waste: EPA's National and Regional Ombudsmen Do Not Have Sufficient Independence
GAO-01-813: Published: Jul 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2001.
Through the impartial and independent investigation of citizens' complaints, federal ombudsmen provide the public with an informal and accessible avenue of redress. Ombudsmen help federal agencies be more responsive to persons who believe that their concerns have not been dealt with fully or fairly through normal problem-solving channels. A national hazardous waste ombudsman was established at the...
Hazardous Waste: Effect of Proposed Rule's Extra Cleanup Requirements Is Uncertain
GAO-01-57: Published: Oct 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2000.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed several amendments to its 1993 Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU) rule. The CAMU rule currently allows agencies to set aside part of their hazardous waste site to deposit wastes without triggering the requirements of the Recovery Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA's action is in response to a lawsuit alleging that the CAMU rule would...
Hazardous Waste: EPA Has Removed Some Barriers to Cleanups
RCED-00-224: Published: Aug 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to remove barriers to hazardous waste cleanup, focusing on: (1) cleanups of remediation waste at sites subject to the three Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requirements; and (2) the management factors that had slowed the pace of cleanups under the corrective action pro...
Hazardous Waste: Time and Costs to Clean Up Superfund Sites Are Uncertain
RCED-99-186R: Published: Jun 11, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to clean up its Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) how long it will take to complete the construction of cleanup facilities at hazardous waste sites on the National Priorities List as of early 1999; and (2) how much it will cost.GAO noted that: (1) as of March 1999, cleanup facilitie...
Superfund: Progress, Problems, and Future Outlook
T-RCED-99-128: Published: Mar 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the status and management of the Superfund program and the outlook for the program's future, focusing on: (1) progress made toward cleaning up sites in the program; (2) continuing management problems; and (3) factors affecting Superfund's future workload.GAO noted that: (1) in the past GAO has called attention to the slow pace of cleanups in the S...
Environmental Protection: Research and Development of Plasma Arc Technology Used to Treat Hazardous Waste
NSIAD-99-51R: Published: Feb 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on three selected research and development initiatives using the plasma arc technology to treat waste, focusing on comparing the characteristics of the largest of the Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives and both Navy shore and ship initiatives.GAO noted that: (1) the three initiatives use a similar source of heat to treat waste, but...
Hazardous Waste Sites: State Cleanup Practices
RCED-99-39: Published: Dec 24, 1998. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) identified practices that are both used in selected state programs at sites that may be contaminated enough to qualify for long-term cleanup under the Superfund program and that are believed by state officials to reduce the time and expense of cleanups; and (2) obtained the views of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), environmentalists, and othe...
EPA: Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste, Petroleum Refining Process Wastes, Land Disposal Restrictions for Newly Identified Wastes, and CERCLA Hazardous Substances Designation
OGC-99-7: Published: Oct 19, 1998. Publicly Released: Oct 19, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) new rule on the hazardous waste management system. GAO held that: (1) the rule would amend the EPA's regulations for hazardous waste management under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act by listing as hazardous four wastes generated during petroleum refining; (2) it would also contain EPA's decisi...
Superfund: Chronology of Efforts to Resolve Liability for the American Chemical Services, Inc., Site
RCED-98-270R: Published: Sep 29, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the American Chemical Services (ACS), Inc., Superfund site in Griffith, Indiana, focusing on: (1) developing a chronology of its hazardous waste cleanup process; and (2) highlighting the liability decision points throughout the process.GAO noted that: (1) the process of determining liability at the ACS site has involved more than 1,0...