Hazardous waste sites (51 - 60 of 116 items)
Impact on Status of Capping Superfund Sites
RCED-96-106R: Published: Mar 18, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on eight states' ability to take on the tasks and costs of cleaning up hazardous waste sites not on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Priorities List (NPL). GAO noted that: (1) if Congress enacts pending legislation capping the number of Superfund sites that EPA can add to NPL, the 8 states could become responsible fo...
Superfund: Operations and Maintenance Activities Will Require Billions of Dollars
RCED-95-259: Published: Sep 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1995.
GAO reviewed operations and maintenance (O&M) activities at former or current National Priorities List (NPL) Superfund sites where remediation construction has been completed, focusing on the: (1) extent to which O&M activities are necessary at Superfund sites; (2) costs to the federal government, states, and responsible parties to perform these activities now and in the future; and (3) Environmen...
Superfund: Status of Natural Resource Damage Claims
T-RCED-95-239: Published: Jun 30, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 1995.
GAO discussed natural resources damage claim settlements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). GAO noted that: (1) as of April 1995, federal agencies had settled 98 natural resource damage claims for an estimated total of $106 million, with most cases requiring no payments or payments of less than $200,000; (2) the value of these settlements is s...
Superfund: Risk Assessment Assumptions and Issues
T-RCED-95-206: Published: May 24, 1995. Publicly Released: May 24, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) assessments of the health risks posed by Superfund hazardous waste sites. GAO noted that: (1) the EPA risk assessment process includes estimating the quantity of contaminants that could be reaching human populations and determining the contaminants' toxicity; (2) EPA makes assumptions about the quantity...
Federal Hazardous Waste Sites: Opportunities for More Cost-Effective Cleanups
T-RCED-95-188: Published: May 18, 1995. Publicly Released: May 18, 1995.
GAO discussed the federal government's efforts to clean up hazardous waste sites, focusing on how to make these efforts more cost-effective. GAO noted that: (1) the federal cleanup effort is over a decade old and has cost over $15 billion; (2) many sites have not yet been identified or assessed and only two high priority sites have been completely cleaned up; (3) although increasing budgetary pres...
Superfund: The Role of Risk in Setting Priorities
T-RCED-95-161: Published: Apr 5, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1995.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of risk to set priorities for the Superfund Program. GAO noted that: (1) EPA has not fully implemented its policy of addressing the worst contaminated sites first; (2) because of the large backlog of sites waiting to be evaluated, EPA regions have used factors other than risk to determine their cleanup priorities; (3) although risk asse...
Environmental Protection: Challenges in Defense Environmental Program Management
T-NSIAD-95-121: Published: Mar 24, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 1995.
GAO discussed the overall status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) environmental program, focusing on actions that need to be taken to enhance the program's success. GAO noted that: (1) although DOD has revised its environmental strategy to expedite cleanup efforts, implemented a program that prevents rather than controls pollution, identified nearly 28,000 potentially contaminated sites, and h...
Superfund: Legal Expenses for Cleanup-Related Activities of Major U.S. Corporations
RCED-95-46: Published: Dec 23, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) responsible parties' cleanup and legal costs at Superfund sites; and (2) the factors that have increased or decreased their legal costs.GAO found that: (1) about one-half of the firms responding to the GAO survey spent a median of $1.5 million in cleanup and legal costs...
Superfund: Estimates of Number of Future Sites Vary
RCED-95-18: Published: Nov 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) trends in the number of reported hazardous waste sites; (2) EPA evaluation of potential contamination at these sites; and (3) recent estimates of the program's future growth.GAO found that: (1) the number of sites reported each year has steadily declined since 1985, pri...
Superfund: EPA Has Opportunities to Increase Recoveries of Costs
RCED-94-196: Published: Sep 28, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the effectiveness of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) settlement and cost recovery programs, focusing on the factors that inhibit EPA recovery of its Superfund costs.GAO found that: (1) EPA efforts to compel responsible parties to clean up hazardous waste sites have been successful; (2) in 1993, EPA settlements with respon...