Environmental monitoring (251 - 276 of 276 items)
EPA's Preliminary Estimates of Future Hazardous Waste Cleanup Costs Are Uncertain
RCED-84-152: Published: May 7, 1984. Publicly Released: May 16, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Task Force Preliminary Assessment study on what resources are needed to clean up the worst uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.The preliminary EPA study reported that 1,400 to 2,200 hazardous waste sites may require cleanup as National Priority List (NPL) sites and that the federal government...
EPA's Delegation of Responsibilities To Prevent Significant Deterioration of Air Quality: How Is It Working?
RCED-85-73: Published: Apr 4, 1985. Publicly Released: May 7, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO described Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) efforts in six states to delegate the operational responsibilities of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Program (PSD) established by the Clean Air Act to state agencies.GAO found that the EPA review process before delegation provided EPA adequate information to make its delegation decisions. Furth...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
EPA's Disposal of Superfund Wastes
126813: Apr 29, 1985
In response to a congressional request, GAO discussed the extent to which: (1) hazardous wastes removed from Superfund sites are being sent to commercial hazardous waste landfills which are not in compliance with applicable regulations; and (2) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policies and other guidance prohibit sending Superfund wastes to landfills that do not comply with applicable require...
Status of EPA's Remedial Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-86: Published: Mar 20, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in cleaning up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites during the first 4 years of the Superfund Program. The report focused on: (1) the extent to which EPA believes that the worst sites have been cleaned up under its remedial program; and (2) the status and funding of ongoing remedial act...
Efforts To Clean Up DOD-Owned Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites
NSIAD-85-41: Published: Apr 12, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Installation Restoration Program (IRP), which is a program to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act's requirements for cleanup of DOD hazardous waste sites.DOD has identified 473 military bases that require assessments to identify potentially hazardo...
Illegal Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Difficult To Detect or Deter
RCED-85-2: Published: Feb 22, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied issues related to illegal hazardous waste disposal to determine whether: (1) information regarding illegal disposal is available; (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states can identify hazardous waste generators and the types and quantities of waste that they produce; (3) the hazardous waste transportation manifest system effectively...
Reports on Superfund Reauthorization Issues
126382: Mar 7, 1985
GAO discussed the Superfund program and the extent of the hazardous waste problem, the status of cleanup efforts, and the projected cost of cleaning up hazardous waste sites. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that the number of sites listed for priority cleanup would be about 1,500 to 2,500 over the next few years and that the estimated cost would range from $7.6 billion to $22.7...
Taxing Hazardous Waste: Economics, Design, and Implementation
126471: Jan 1, 1985
This article, which appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Winter 1985, describes the financial management of the Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. The taxing authority of the fund will end on September 30, 1985, and Congress is considering reauthorization of the program and is discussing the implementation of a waste-end tax to create an economic incentive to reduce the...
Status of Civilian Federal Agencies' Efforts To Address Hazardous Waste Problems on Their Lands
RCED-84-188: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined: (1) what actions have been taken by federal civilian agencies to comply with provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), which require them to identify federal sites which potentially contain hazardous wastes; and (2) the status of ongoing and planned agency actions to assess and correct haza...
EPA's Efforts To Clean Up Three Hazardous Waste Sites
RCED-84-91: Published: Jun 7, 1984. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of cleanup efforts at three hazardous waste sites, provided information on progress at the sites, and discussed the lack of cost-effectiveness evaluations for remedial measures by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).GAO found that, since 1980, cleanup actions have taken place at the three sites, and studies are underway to deter...
Status of Air Force Efforts To Deal With Groundwater Contamination Problems at McClellan Air Force Base
NSIAD-84-37: Published: Nov 29, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 1983.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Air Force efforts relating to ground water contamination at McClellan Air Force Base, focusing on: (1) the adequacy of a technical report that was to determine the extent of ground water contamination and suggest solutions; (2) Air Force procedures for releasing contamination data and reports to the public; (3) Air Force actions to improve its prog...
EPA and State Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
122839: Nov 16, 1983
Testimony was presented concerning a GAO report on inspection, enforcement, and permitting activities at hazardous waste facilities. GAO found that many facilities are not complying with federal regulations requiring the owners and operators of certain hazardous waste facilities to institute ground water monitoring programs or document their eligibility to waive monitoring requirements. Two primar...
EPA's Progress in Regulating Hazardous Air Pollutants
122773: Nov 7, 1983
Testimony was given on a GAO report on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) procedures and problems in listing and regulating hazardous air pollutants under the Clean Air Act. Since the passage of the act in 1970, EPA has identified only seven substances as hazardous air pollutants and has established emission standards for only four of them. GAO found that various policy shifts and uncerta...
Interim Report on Inspection, Enforcement, and Permitting Activities at Hazardous Waste Facilities
RCED-83-241: Published: Sep 21, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1983.
GAO reviewed the federal regulatory program for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities, focusing on ground water monitoring, inspection and enforcement activities, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) permitting program for hazardous waste facilities. GAO performed this work in four states, all of which had primary inspection responsibility under interim authorization...
Delays in EPA's Regulation of Hazardous Air Pollutants
RCED-83-199: Published: Aug 26, 1983. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed a list of 37 substances which are subject to review as hazardous air pollutants; (2) the procedures and practices followed by EPA in preparing health assessment documents; (3) Science Advisory Board (SAB) involvement in the hazardous air pollutant program; and (4) EPA pr...
Potential Impacts of Reducing EPA's Budget
RCED-83-75: Published: Dec 30, 1982. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the possible impact of fiscal year (FY) 1982 and proposed FY 1983 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) budgets on the air and hazardous waste programs in 15 states and 3 localities, the implications of the eventual phaseout of state grant assistance, the evolving federal/state partnership, and the effects of budget reductions on EPA personnel a...
Environmental Protection: Agenda for the 1980's
CED-82-73: Published: May 5, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
GAO prepared a staff study as part of its continuing reassessment of areas of national concern and interest and identified environmental protection problems and issues most in need of attention. The review will influence the scope and direction of GAO audit efforts involving pollution control programs and activities.Environmental pollution affects the daily lives of all Americans in some form or m...
Information on a Hazardous Waste Facility Containing Chromium Lead Sludge
CED-82-13: Published: Nov 9, 1981. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO investigated a hazardous waste facility at which chromium lead sludge was being deposited in a wetland area as part of a hazardous waste disposal operation.The facility, which has been landfilling chromium lead sludge for 11 years, is located in a marshy area with an underground clay layer. This layer provides for the lateral flow of water or leachate from...
Stronger Enforcement Needed Against Misuse of Pesticides
CED-82-5: Published: Oct 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1981.
GAO reviewed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pesticide programs to enforce pesticide laws and suggested ways to improve program activities. GAO also reviewed special pesticide registrations to determine if some of the problems identified in an earlier GAO report had been corrected.Although improvements have been made in recent years, GAO found that the public may not always be prot...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Hazardous Waste Disposal: A Staggering Problem
116152: Jan 1, 1981
This article appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 16, Issue 3, Summer 1981. A serious and potentially deadly problem is the growing volume of solid hazardous waste society produces. Less than 10 percent of the hazardous waste volume is disposed of in an environmentally safe manner. No part of the country is immune from the problem. Land disposal has been the predominant disposal method, but it present...
Programs for Ensuring the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials Need Improvement
CED-81-5: Published: Nov 4, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 1980.
GAO evaluated the Department of Transportation's (DOT) efforts to promote the safe transportation of hazardous materials and the emergency response mechanisms available to react to hazardous material disaster situations. DOT is responsible for ensuring the safety of the public from the inherent risks associated with transporting hazardous materials.DOT has done much to upgrade the federal effort t...
Need for Comprehensive Pesticide Use Data
CED-80-145: Published: Sep 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) needs to have accurate and comprehensive information on pesticide usage to assess a pesticide's potential risks and benefits to humans and the environment and to improve the overall management of its pesticide programs. GAO examined sources of pesticide usage information were examined at EPA, other Federal and State agencies, and private organizations.EPA...
Need for a Formal Risk/Benefit Review of the Pesticide Chlordane
CED-80-116: Published: Aug 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1980.
A review of the adequacy of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulation of pesticides used in and around the home revealed that chlordane, used for termite control, may pose unreasonable risks to man and the environment. In 1974, after studies showed that chlordane caused cancer in mice, EPA issued a notice of intent to cancel all registered uses of chlordane, except for subsurface grou...