Waste management (71 - 80 of 80 items)
Environmental Protection Agency's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
CED-82-91: Published: Jun 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1982.
GAO was requested to review the Superfund program to identify issues or problems concerning: (1) the selection of candidate sites for Superfund attention; (2) the extent and cost effectiveness of removal, remedy, and other measures at candidate sites; and (3) the ability of state governments to carry out their Superfund responsibilities.The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Comments on Interior's Surface Mining Regulations
CED-81-145: Published: Aug 5, 1981. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1981.
GAO has been reviewing the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) regulations implementing the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.GAO identified several issues which OSM should consider while it is revising its regulations. OSM needs to review its support for its revised blasting regulations concerning the use of explosives. Also, a legislative change may be nee...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Nuclear Issues at Western New York Nuclear Service Center
112946: Jul 28, 1980
During the 6 years of its operation, the Western New York Nuclear Service Center at West Valley, New York, generated about 600,000 gallons of high-level liquid nuclear waste. This waste, spent fuel, and solid low-level nuclear waste are safely maintained at the site along with the equipment and structures contaminated during reprocessing. Because solid wastes are safer to store, a program to conve...
The Nation's Nuclear Waste--Proposals for Organization and Siting
EMD-79-77: Published: Jun 21, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1979.
Over the last 30 years, the Federal Government has generated vast quantities of highly radioactive contaminated waste. Spent fuel from commercial reactors has also accumulated. Both are characterized by high levels of radiation and a long toxic life. The Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Department of Energy (DOE) have major responsibilities for managing a...
Hazardous Waste Management Programs Will Not Be Effective: Greater Efforts Are Needed
CED-79-14: Published: Jan 23, 1979. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1979.
The United States has numerous hazardous waste sources scattered throughout the Nation, producing 56 million tons annually. These include industrial wastes, agricultural chemical residues, and chemical or pathological wastes from hospitals and laboratories. They occur as solids, liquids, powders, and sludges, and represent a prodigious disposal problem. GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Ag...
How To Dispose of Hazardous Waste--A Serious Question That Needs To Be Resolved
CED-79-13: Published: Dec 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1978.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 was enacted to regulate management of hazardous wastes which pose a threat to human health and the environment. The development of environmentally sound treatment and disposal facilities is essential to this purpose. Adequate capacity is not available to handle the increasing volumes of waste being generated, and public opposition is seriously hin...
Continuing Need for Improved Operation and Maintenance of Municipal Waste Treatment Plants
CED-77-46: Published: Apr 11, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1977.
Operation and maintenance problems at municipal waste treatment plants constructed with federal grant assistance have been widespread for many years and have led to inefficient plant operations and the discharge of unnecessarily high pollution loads into the nation's waterways.GAO visited 28 plants in six states and noted insufficient plant-operating personnel, inadequate budgets, inadequate contr...
Better Data Collection and Planning Is Needed to Justify Advanced Waste Treatment Construction
CED-77-12: Published: Dec 21, 1976. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1976.
A review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of advanced waste treatment facilities in improving water quality. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states have placed a high priority on these facilities which are more costly than those providing secondary treatment. Since minimum treatment levels were required by legislation for municipalities by July 1977, low priority was...