Superfund (1 - 10 of 77 items)
Hazardous Waste Sites: Improved Effectiveness of Controls at Sites Could Better Protect the Public
GAO-05-163: Published: Jan 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2005.
The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) programs were established to clean up hazardous waste sites. Because some sites cannot be cleaned up to allow unrestricted use, institutional controls--legal or administrative restrictions on land or resource use to protect against exposure to the residual contamination--are placed on them. GAO...
Superfund Program: Updated Appropriation and Expenditure Data
GAO-04-475R: Published: Feb 18, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2004.
This report contains GAO's update of the appropriation and expenditure data for the Environmental Protection Agency's Superfund program since a July 2003 report.Total Superfund program appropriations decreased from fiscal year 1993 to fiscal year 2004, in constant 2003 dollars, from $1,903 million to $1,241 million, respectively. Since fiscal year 2000, the Superfund program has increasingly relie...
Environmental Cleanup: Better Communication Needed for Dealing with Formerly Used Defense Sites in Guam
GAO-02-423: Published: Apr 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2002.
Chemical testing kits from World War II containing diluted mustard gas and other chemicals have been discovered on Guam. The Department of Defense (DOD) is responsible for identifying and cleaning up contaminated military sites throughout the United States and its territories. In the mid-1990s, DOD scaled back its identification efforts nationally and focused its attention on Guam. It now relies o...
Superfund: EPA's Contract Cost-Estimating Initiatives Show Promise and Should Be Monitored
GAO-01-302: Published: Mar 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2001.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which manages the cleanup of the nation's most hazardous abandoned sites through the Superfund program, relies heavily on contractors to conduct its cleanup activities. Currently, EPA spends about 50 percent of its approximately $1.5 billion annual Superfund budget on contractors. With so much at stake, it is critical that the government get the best cont...
Superfund: Information Regarding EPA's Cleanup Decision Process on the Hudson River Site
RCED-00-193: Published: Sep 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) decision to clean up the Hudson River, focusing on: (1) the computer models EPA and General Electric (GE) are using in their assessments and related scientific and technical issues; and (2) the processes EPA is using to obtain and respond to scientific and technical comments on its modeling...
Superfund: Extent to Which Most Reforms Have Improved the Program Is Unknown
RCED-00-118: Published: May 12, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program administrative reforms, focusing on the: (1) reforms' demonstrated results and the performance measures EPA uses to gauge these results; and (2) legislative changes to the program that either EPA or key stakeholders--including, among others, officials representing parties responsible for...
Superfund: Information on the Program's Funding and Status
RCED-00-25: Published: Oct 29, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Superfund program, focusing on the: (1) status of the program's funding and expenditures, including information on the Superfund trust fund to date and the moneys appropriated from it to federal agencies other than the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for Superfund activities; (2) costs to responsible parties for all site cl...
Superfund: Half the Sites Have All Cleanup Remedies in Place or Completed
RCED-99-245: Published: Jul 30, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1999.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) the status in the Superfund cleanup process of the sites on EPA's list of the nation's most hazardous sites, called the National Priorities List (NPL); and (2) for the 609 NPL sites GAO included in its review where cleanups have not been completed, what...
Hazardous Waste: Time and Costs to Clean Up Superfund Sites Are Uncertain
RCED-99-186R: Published: Jun 11, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to clean up its Superfund sites, focusing on: (1) how long it will take to complete the construction of cleanup facilities at hazardous waste sites on the National Priorities List as of early 1999; and (2) how much it will cost.GAO noted that: (1) as of March 1999, cleanup facilitie...
Superfund: EPA Can Improve Its Monitoring of Superfund Expenditures
RCED-99-139: Published: May 11, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program expenditures, focusing on: (1) the relative shares of Superfund expenditures for contractor cleanup work, site-specific support, and non-site-specific support; (2) the activities carried out with the EPA's cleanup support spending, particularly its non-site-specific spendi...