Hazardous wastes (71 - 80 of 80 items)
Taxing Hazardous Waste: Economics, Design, and Implementation
126471: Jan 1, 1985
This article, which appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Winter 1985, describes the financial management of the Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. The taxing authority of the fund will end on September 30, 1985, and Congress is considering reauthorization of the program and is discussing the implementation of a waste-end tax to create an economic incentive to reduce the...
Environmental Protection Agency's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
CED-82-91: Published: Jun 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1982.
GAO was requested to review the Superfund program to identify issues or problems concerning: (1) the selection of candidate sites for Superfund attention; (2) the extent and cost effectiveness of removal, remedy, and other measures at candidate sites; and (3) the ability of state governments to carry out their Superfund responsibilities.The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to...
Information on the Environmental Protection Agency's Enforcement Activities
CED-82-62: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: May 3, 1982.
In response to congressional concern, GAO provided information pertaining to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous waste enforcement activities. This information reviewed: (1) the change in EPA enforcement policy under the current Administration; (2) potential enforcement organizational problems; (3) problems in issuing enforcement guidance and policies to the regions; and (4) the elimin...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Hazardous Waste Sites Pose Investigation, Evaluation, Scientific, and Legal Problems
CED-81-57: Published: Apr 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1981.
Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a mandate to: (1) discover, investigate, evaluate, and respond to uncontrolled hazardous waste sites; (2) perform hazardous waste research; and (3) seek solutions to hazardous waste problems and, if necessary, file suit in federal courts.EPA has had difficulty in fulfilling its mandate because: (1) site...
Further Federal Action Needed To Detect and Control Environmental Contamination of Food
CED-81-19: Published: Dec 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1980.
GAO was requested to investigate the circumstances surrounding an incident involving the contamination of chickens and other food items in several Western States by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Because numerous Federal, State, and local investigators were checking into the situation at the time, it was decided that GAO would monitor the Federal agencies' investigations and report the correctiv...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Environmental Protection Agency and State Hazardous Waste Management Programs
109597: Jun 4, 1979
The problem of what to do with hazardous waste is growing. Hazardous waste must be treated and disposed of somewhere. Without an adequate national environmentally sound disposal and treatment capacity, the intent of current legislation to safeguard public health and the environment cannot be achieved. A more effective Federal and State role is necessary to assure that facilities will be available...
Hazardous Waste Management Programs Will Not Be Effective: Greater Efforts Are Needed
CED-79-14: Published: Jan 23, 1979. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1979.
The United States has numerous hazardous waste sources scattered throughout the Nation, producing 56 million tons annually. These include industrial wastes, agricultural chemical residues, and chemical or pathological wastes from hospitals and laboratories. They occur as solids, liquids, powders, and sludges, and represent a prodigious disposal problem. GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Ag...
How To Dispose of Hazardous Waste--A Serious Question That Needs To Be Resolved
CED-79-13: Published: Dec 19, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1978.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 was enacted to regulate management of hazardous wastes which pose a threat to human health and the environment. The development of environmentally sound treatment and disposal facilities is essential to this purpose. Adequate capacity is not available to handle the increasing volumes of waste being generated, and public opposition is seriously hin...